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The flowers are springing up,
the season of singing birds
has come;
Song of Solomon 2v12

How to use this glossary: Each word has two definitions.
The first is a very simple word equivalent, just a phrase or a few words. The second is a more detailed explanation with examples.

Glossary Terms - T

T-U-L-I-P
A pneumonic device for remembering the five doctrinal points of Calvinism.
The major doctrines of Calvinism are:
1) Total depravity of humankind, which asserts that humans are sinful and can do nothing on their own behalf to earn God's favour or salvation;
2) Unconditional election, which asserts that before the world was formed God predetermined and foreordained who among humans would be drawn to him for salvation;
3) Limited atonement, which avows that Jesus Christ in his life, death and resurrection bore all the sin and punishment deserved by humankind, all of whom God knew and foreordained to salvation;
4) Irresistible grace (sometimes categorised as effective calling) that affirms those who are foreordained will be drawn to God through the saving activity of Jesus Christ; and
5) Perseverance of the saints, which affirms that those who are called and saved by Jesus Christ will remain so despite all subsequent sin and evil that surrounds them. Calvinism stresses God's sovereignty and grace and generally decries any doctrine or ritual that can be interpreted as a human effort to earn or win God's favour.
[Atonement]  [Calvinism]  [Doctrine]  [Grace]  [Salvation

Tabernacle
A portable sanctuary carried by the Israelites during their wanderings in the wilderness. In this tent God dwelt among the Israelites in the desert.
Tent of Meeting - tabernacle means "dwelling place." It was a special tent where the Israelites worshiped God. It is sometimes called the Tent of Meeting. It was the place where God would meet his people.
The Israelites used the tabernacle until Solomon built the temple.
Exodus 25-27
Exodus 39:32-40:38
2 Chronicles 1:1-13
Acts 7:44-47
The tabernacle built on earth was a copy of the true tabernacle in heaven. Now, because of Jesus' sacrifice, his followers can enter the heavenly tabernacle. They can truly meet God.
Hebrews 8-9
When Jesus came to earth. God was again dwelling with his people.
Matthew 1:18-23
John 1:14
Jesus brought peace between, God and his people. So God, will one day make his home, with them again.
Revelation 21:3
[Ark of the Covenant/Testimony]  [God]  [Holy of holies (Most Holy Place)]  [Temple]  [Wilderness

Tacitus
An historian who lived from 55-120 AD. He described Roman history from Augustus to Nero.
Roman public official and historian whose two greatest works, Histories and Annals, concern the period from the death of Augustus (A.D. 14) to the death of Domitian (96).
[Romans

Tahrif
Means "corruption". It refers to the charge made by Muslim theologians against Christians of having modified and falsified the Gospel.
[Christian(s)]  [Gospel]  [Muslim/Moslem

Talent
A historic unit of weight, used in various forms throughout the eastern Mediterranean. The Hebrew sacred talent, mentioned in the Bible, was equal to 60 minas or about 30 kilograms (66 pounds). The Greek talent, also equal to 60 minas, was smaller, 25.8 kilograms or about 57 pound

Parable of the talents (Matt. 18:24; 25:15)
[Parable

Tallith
The traditional prayer shawl worn by Jewish men
Prayer shawl, with a ritually knotted fringe at each corner, worn by orthodox Jewish men at morning prayer in the synagogue
[Jew(s)]  [Synagogue

Talmud
The Talmud is the code for Jewish civil and religious law and is kept strictly by orthodox Jews. It is composed of the oral law, the "Mishnah", and the rabbis' comments on this, the "Gemara".
For Jews, these constitute an exposition and interpretation by scholarly ancient rabbis of the oral law given by God, as distinct from the written law of the Torah. The Talmud is comprised of the Mishnah and the Gemara. The word is derived from the Hebrew term for learning.
[Jew(s)]  [Kosher]  [Rabbi]  [Torah

Tanakh
See Hebrew Scripture (Tanakh)
[Bible]  [Genesis]  [Hebrew Scripture (Tanach)

Tax Collector
One who collects taxes for the government
[Zacchaeus (Tax Collector)

Tefillin
The small leather boxes containing Hebrew texts ritually worn by orthodox Jewish men.
Tefillin, also called phylacteries, are leather objects used in Jewish prayer, containing Biblical verses. They are an essential part of morning prayer services, and are worn on a daily basis (except the Sabbath and festivals) by observant Jews.

The origin of wearing tefillin comes from the Torah (five books of Moses), in Deuteronomy 6:8, 11:18; Exodus 13:9, 16.
[Phylactery

Teleological Argument
A line of reasoning that argues that the intricate and complex nature of the world could not have existed without a divine designer, God. At the very least, it claims, if the universe shows evidence of intelligent design, then the existence of some intelligent Designer can be inferred as its cause.
(Gk. teleos - "end" or "purpose") A proof for the existence of God. The argument stated: Design requires a designer. The universe exhibits evidence of complex design. Therefore, the universe was designed by a cosmic architect (God). This argument has been advocated by many thinkers (Plato, St. Thomas Aquinas), but its most popular version was expressed by William Paley (the "watchmaker argument").
[Creation]  [Creationism]  [Watchmaker Argument

Temple
The holy place of worship in Jerusalem which replaced Moses Wilderness Tabernacle on land purchased for it by King David, and originally built by Solomon.
A building where people worship divine beings. God told Israel to build him a temple and worship him there. God showed his people that he was with them by having his presence in the temple. 1 Chronicles 28:11-19
1 Kings 5-6
1 Kings 8
Ezra 3:10-13
Ezra 6:13-18
Psalm 11:4
Mark 11:15-17
In the New Testament, we learn that the new temple is not a building. God's people are now the temple of God. God's Spirit lives within them.
1 Corinthians 3:16-17
2 Corinthians 6:16
Ephesians 2:19-22
Revelation 21:22
[Ark of the Covenant/Testimony]  [Money Changers]  [Moses]  [Tabernacle

Temptation
To be induced or enticed; to be tested
To entice, allure like a bait does to fish. Satan uses the things of this world to tempt old desires to sin.
[Satan]  [Sin, Sinner]  [Spiritual Warfare]  [Victory

Ten Commandments
The rules given to Moses by God on Mount Sinai.
Laws of conduct written on stone and given to Moses by God at Mt. Sinai.

Covenant requirements of the Israelites, covering man's relations with God and neighbour.

The first three are regarding the love and true worship of God and the remaining seven are regarding love and justice to our neighbour.
[Ark of the Covenant/Testimony]  [Commandment(s)]  [Decalogue]  [Moses]  [Shavuoth

tenet
A religious doctrine that is proclaimed as true without proof
[L. tenet, he holds.] Any opinion, principle, dogma or doctrine which a person believes or maintains as true;
The tenets of christians are adopted from the Scriptures; but different interpretations give rise to a great diversity of tenets.
[Doctrine]  [Dogma

Testament
Term for an agreement between two (or more) parties, such as a "last will and testament." In Jewish tradition, the covenant concept played an important role, and was translated as "testament," especially in Christian references to the scriptures of the "old covenant" (OT) and the "new" (NT).
A covenant, especially between God and man.

Today, we find the Scriptures grouped under Old Testament and New Testament. In the ancient world a testament, or more often a covenant, was the term for a special relationship between two parties. Occasionally we still speak of the marriage covenant, which binds husband and wife to each other.

The Old and New Testaments described the relationship between God and man.
The Old Testament promised the Messiah (Christ)
The New Testament fulfilled the promise.
[Bible]  [NT]  [OT]  [Scripture(s)

Testimony
Sharing what God has done for you. Similar to Witness.
[Witness

Tetragrammaton
Four Hebrew letters (usually transliterated as YHWH (Yahweh) or JHVH (Jehovah)) signifying the Hebrew name for God (which the Jews regarded as too holy to pronounce)
God's name which the Jews do not pronounce for fear of blasphemy. It is written as the four consonants hwhy (yhwh). When the Hebrew text had vowels added to it the vowels of "lord" here placed beside this name as a reminder to read the word "Lord" (Adonai) in place of the sacred name. Thus though the Hebrew text gives the consonant + vowel combination yehowah (Jehovah) this was never how the name would have been said. The best guess is "Yahweh". LORD often represents this name in modern translations. In order to keep the flavour of a name in English, but also comply with tradition I have used "Adonai" to represent the name.
[Adonai]  [Lord]  [Yahweh(YHWH)

Tetrarch
A Roman governor of the fourth part of a province; hence, any subordinate or dependent prince; also, a petty king or sovereign.
Strictly the ruler over the fourth part of a province; but the word denotes a ruler of a province generally (Matt. 14:1; Luke 3:1, 19; 9:7; Acts 13:1). Herod and Phasael, the sons of Antipater, were the first tetrarchs in Palestine. Herod the tetrarch had the title of king (Matt. 14:9).
[Herod Antipas

Thaddeus
Possibly means "heart" in Aramaic.
[Thaddeus (Apostle)

Thaddeus (Apostle)
One of the twelve apostles. (Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18), also called :
"Lebbaeus" in Matt.10:3
"Judas" in Luke 6:16, "Judas the brother of James;" while John (14:22),
probably referring to the same person, speaks of "Judas, not Iscariot."

These different names all designate the same person,
[Apostles, Twelve]  [Judas Iscariot]  [Thaddeus

Thanksgiving
To be grateful, to offer thanks, especially to God for His love and mercy. The Eucharistic prayer is called the thanksgiving (see 1 Thess. 5:18).
[Eucharist]  [Worship

Theism
The position that affirms the existence of deity.
(From Gk. theos - "God")
The worldview that affirms the existence of an infinite, eternal, and personal God, who is the transcendent creator, and immanent sustainer of the world. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are considered theistic religions.
[Agnostic]  [Atheist]  [Deity]  [God

Theist
One who believes in the existence of a god or gods
[Agnostic]  [Atheist]  [Deism

Theistic
Belief in the existence of a god or gods, especially belief in a personal God as creator and ruler of the world.
[Atheist]  [Deism

Theological Argument
(Gk. teleos - "end" or "purpose") A proof for the existence of God. The argument stated: Design requires a designer. The universe exhibits evidence of complex design. Therefore, the universe was designed by a cosmic architect (God). This argument has been advocated by many thinkers (Plato, St. Thomas Aquinas), but its most popular version was expressed by William Paley (the "watchmaker argument").
[Polemics]  [Watchmaker Argument

Theology
(Gk. theos - "God", logos - "study") The study of God.
General term for discussions and investigations of things pertaining to God(s), and by extension, to religious matters.
Theology is from the Greek [theos] meaning God, and [logos] meaning word or discourse. It is the discourse or study of God and the revelation of His attributes, such as His Word, omnipresence, mercy, justice and purposes.
[God]  [Natural Theology]  [Omnipotence Of God]  [Omnipresence Of God]  [Omniscience Of God]  [Religion]  [Revealed theology

Thomas
Greek form of the Aramaic name Te'oma which meant "twin".
In the New Testament he was the apostle who doubted the resurrected Jesus.
[Doubting Thomas]  [Thomas (Apostle)

Thomas (Apostle)
The Apostle who would not believe the resurrection of Jesus until he saw Jesus with his own eyes
One of the twelve Apostles (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18, etc.). He was also called
Didymus (John 11:16; 20:24), which is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew name.

In the Synoptic gospels and the Book of Acts he is listed with the other apostles, but nothing else is written about him. All we know regarding him is recorded in the fourth Gospel where He appears in several scenes.
(John 11:15, 16; 14:4, 5; 20:24, 25, 26-29).

He was not present when Jesus appeared alive to his disciples the evening after his Resurrection. Thomas rejected their story and insisted that he would not believe until he had seen Jesus with his own eyes and touched Jesus' wounds with his own hands. (20:24-9) - from which comes the term Doubting Thomas.
[Apostles, Twelve]  [Doubting Thomas]  [Resurrection of Christ

Throne of Grace
Refers to God's presence and His character of granting undeserved favour through prayer.
"Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need" (Heb. 4:16).
[Grace]  [Pray(er)

Timothy
Means "honouring God" from Greek timan "to honour" and theos "god".
[Timothy (NT)

Timothy (NT)
A disciple of Saint Paul who became the leader of the Christian community at Ephesus Two epistles of the New Testament, ascribed to Paul, are addressed to him.
[Paul

Tithe
A tenth part of one's annual income contributed voluntarily or due as a tax, especially for the support of the clergy or church.
Means "a tenth." In the Old Testament, God's people would give a tenth of their crops or animals to God. This was a sign that God owned the land and had blessed his people. Also, the tithe would be used to support the priests and Levites, and to help the poor.
Leviticus 27:30
Deuteronomy 14:22- 29
Nehemiah 10:37-39
Malachi 3:6-12
[Church]  [Clergy]  [Free Will Offering

Titus (Apostle)
A disciple and companion of the apostle Paul, to whom Paul addressed an Epistle.
In the New Testament Titus was a companion of Saint Paul. He became the first bishop of Crete and Paul wrote one of the epistles that appear in the New Testament to him.
[Epistle]  [NT]  [Paul]  [Titus (Book of)

Titus (Book of)
A letter written by the apostle Paul to one of his disciples; the letter is written on the subject of pastoral care in the early Church and included as a book in the New Testament
[Epistle]  [Titus (Apostle)

Tomb
The resurrection of Christ from the dead, after three days in the tomb, is an integral part of the gospel and is an event of supreme importance (I Corinthians 15).
[Resurrection of Christ

Tomb of Christ
The exact location of the tomb in which Jesus was placed is uncertain. Evidence for the validity of one over the other is essentially non-existent.

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located on the traditional site of the tomb. During the first century, this area was outside the city walls, though city walls built in later times encompassed it.

The nearby "Garden Tomb," or "Gordon's Tomb," if not the actual site, is a first-century tomb that provides a vivid example of what Jesus' tomb must have been like. Named for its setting outside the walls and to the north of the Old City. A plain rock chamber carved out in the time of Christ, with a slot in front for a stone door to roll in.
[Golgotha]  [Resurrection

Tongues
An utterance in another language supernaturally enabled by the Holy Spirit. "And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance" (Acts 2:4).
As in "speaking in tongues"; a grace-gift of the Holy Spirit. Either a supernatural language of the Spirit, or an ability to speak in a human language not known by God's miraculous power. The Corinthians had misused this gift, so we have a whole chapter in scripture dealing with its proper use in 1 Cor 14.
[Gifts of the Holy Spirit]  [Holy Spirit

Torah
(Heb., "teaching, instruction").
Jewish name for the first five books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. Also know as the "Pentateuch."
The Pentateuch. The first five books of the Bible. Literally "teaching" or "instruction" or "guidance." Often translated "the Law" in English Bibles, as in "the Law of the LORD is perfect" (Psalm 19:7 [verse 8 in Hebrew])

The Torah (Jewish law) is read publicly every Saturday at a synagogue. It is divided into fifty-four portions and is read through once a year.
[Bible]  [Canon of Scripture]  [Pentateuch]  [Talmud

Tract
A brief pamphlet designed to share Gospel truths or to invite persons to accept Jesus Christ.
[Belief]  [Gospel]  [Sin, Sinner

Tradicianism
The belief that the soul is inherited from the parents along with the body; -- opposed to creationism, and infusionism.
(Christian theology) The belief that each individual human soul is derived from those of the individual's parents; only the souls of Adam and Eve were created directly by God. This is in contrast with creationism (theology), which holds that all souls were so created.
[Creationism]  [Infusionism

Tradition
Any kind of teaching, written or spoken, handed down from generation to generation. In Mark 7:3, 9, 13, Col. 2:8, this word refers to the arbitrary interpretations of the Jews. In 2 Thess. 2:15; 3:6, it is used in a good sense. Peter (1 Pet. 1:18) uses this word with reference to the degenerate Judaism of the "strangers scattered" whom he addresses (comp. Acts 15:10; Matt. 15:2-6; Gal. 1:14).
That which is handed down, transmitted. Tradition is the life of the Church in the Holy Spirit, for the Holy Spirit leads the Church "into all truth" (John 16:13) and enables her to preserve the truth taught by Christ to His Apostles. The Holy Scriptures are the core of Holy Tradition, as interpreted through the writings of the Fathers, the Ecumenical Councils, and the worship of the Church. Together, these traditions manifest the faith of the ancient undivided Church, inspired by the Holy Spirit to preserve the fullness of the gospel. See John 21:25; Acts 15:1-29; 2 Thess. 2:15.
[Church]  [Jewish feasts]  [Judeo-Christian

Transfiguration
The Transfiguration is an event in the Gospel account of Jesus Christ, in which he appeared to Peter, John, and James in a transfigured state, with unearthly, brilliant white clothes, and in the presence of Elijah and Moses. Matt. 17:1-9.
[Elijah]  [Gospel]  [Jesus]  [Moses

Transformed
Given a completely different form or appearance
To change in nature, disposition, heart, character, or the like; to convert.

Be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind. --Rom. 12v2.
[Convert(ed)

Transgression
Refusing to do what God asks you to do.
The act of passing over or beyond any law or rule of moral duty; the violation of a law or known principle of rectitude; breach of command; offence; crime; sin.

Forgive thy people . . . all their transgressions wherein they have transgressed against thee. --I Kings viii. 50.
[Forgive/Forgiveness]  [Lord's Prayer]  [Sin, Sinner]  [Trespass

Transmigration of the Soul
[Gr.,=change of soul]
The Hindu belief that at death, a person's soul is reborn into another living entity. Often, this is a new human. But if the individual has accumulated a bad balance of Karma, they may return as an animal. This term is often confused with Reincarnation.
[Hinduism]  [Karma]  [Reincarnation

Transubstantiation
A belief that the wine and the bread at the Eucharist actually turn into the body and blood of Jesus. Esp. in the Roman Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox churches.
[Catholic Roman]  [Consubstantiation]  [Denomination]  [Eucharist]  [Last/Lord's Supper]  [Orthodox

Tree of Knowledge
A tree in the Garden of Eden whose fruit Adam and Eve were forbidden to eat, (Gen. 2.9-17). They were expelled from the garden for eating this fruit.
Stood in the midst of the garden of Eden, beside the tree of life (Genesis 2, 3). Adam and Eve were forbidden to take of the fruit which grew upon it. But they disobeyed the divine injunction, and so sin and death by sin entered our world and became the heritage of Adam's posterity.
Also referred to as the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
[Fall, The]  [Garden of Eden]  [Original Sin]  [Tree of Life

Tree of Life
A tree in the Garden of Eden which if eaten would confer everlasting life, (Gen 2.9;). Also mentioned in Revelation as a tree in the heavenly Jerusalem, whose leaves are for the healing of the nations, (Rev.22.2;).
The tree of life is associated with perfect life and environment in the Garden, as well as the perpetuation of the right relationship with God in the Garden, Gen 2:9, 3:22. Man does not see the tree of life again until the eternal state, Rev 2:7, 22:2-4. The tree of life will be located forever in the New Jerusalem.
[Garden of Eden]  [Tree of Knowledge

Trespass
To commit an offence or a sin; transgress or err.
A sin or offence.
"And whenever you stand praying, if you have anything against anyone, forgive him, that your Father in heaven may also forgive you your trespasses"
(Mark 11:25).
In the time of his distress did he trespass yet more against the Lord. --2 Chron. xxviii. 22.
[Sin, Sinner]  [Transgression

Tribes of Israel
The 12 tribes are named after the 10 sons of Jacob:
Asher Benjamin Dan Gad
Issachar Judah Naphtali Reuben
Simeon Zebulun

and Josephs 2 sons:
Ephriam Manasseh

Jacob's son Levi became head of the priestly family which was not allotted land in Palestine,

In 722BC all the tribes except Judah and Benjamin were scattered by Assyrians and have been re-formed.
[Joseph (OT)]  [Simeon (OT)

Tribulation, Great
The Scriptures reveal that much trouble and violence - Great Tribulation - will engulf the world before the Second Coming of Christ (Matt. 24:4-29).
The final seven year period prior to the return of Jesus Christ is established from Daniel 9:27, where a peace covenant is established, then broken mid-week, (one week/ shabua = seven years), this then leads to the Great Tribulation a 1290 day period, during which the Beast/Antichrist will rule and persecute the Jews & Saints.
[Mark of the Beast (MOTB)]  [Rapture

Trinity
The one God in the three parts; God as Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
The doctrine of trinitarianism is the orthodox Christian belief that whereas God may be singular in power or essence, God also exists as three persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus) and God the Holy Spirit.
It is interesting to note that the term trinity appears absolutely nowhere in the New Testament. The scriptural origins for trinitarian thinking can be found in the verses such as:
Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost... (Matthew 28:19)

Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied. (1 Peter 1:2)

Obviously these passages do not describe a three-in-one god, nor do they necessarily require belief in one. They do, however, set the stage for the development of Christian trinitarianism later on. It was not, in fact, until the 4th century that theologians began to officially describe God as three persons (hypostases) with one being (ousia).

God as a unity of three persons, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, combined in one Godhead. The word "Trinity" does not appear in the Bible.
[God]  [Holy Spirit]  [Jesus]  [Perichoresis

Trumpet of the Lord
We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,
In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
1Cor 15:51-52

We are all going to die, unless the Lord returns first. We don't know when that will be, but it will be too late. Jesus tells us to be ready - Matthew 24:42-44.

If you are not a Christian, you are not ready. If your number is called, if the trumpet of the Lord sounds, you will be in the same condition as those outside the Ark when the rains began to pour.
[Ark, Noah's]  [Heaven]  [Hell]  [Last Judgement]  [Second Coming

Trust
He or that which is the ground of confidence.

O Lord God, thou art my trust from my youth. Ps.71.
Confidence; a reliance or resting of the mind on the integrity, veracity, justice, friendship or other sound principle of another person.

He that putteth his trust in the Lord shall be safe. Prov.29.
[Apologetics]  [Backslider]  [Believe]  [Mammon

Truth
A fact that has been verified
Used in various senses in Scripture. In Proverbs 12:17, 19, it denotes that which is opposed to falsehood. In Isaiah 59:14, 15, Jeremiah 7:28, it means fidelity or truthfulness. The doctrine of Christ is called "the truth of the gospel" (Galatians 2:5), "the truth" (2 Timothy 3:7; 4:4). Our Lord says of himself, "I am the way, and the truth" John 14:6).
[Revelation, Progressive]  [Scripture(s)