Priesthill (Zion) Methodist

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The flowers are springing up,
the season of singing birds
has come;
Song of Solomon 2v12

How to use this glossary: Each word has two definitions.
The first is a very simple word equivalent, just a phrase or a few words. The second is a more detailed explanation with examples.

Glossary Terms - S

Sabbath
The seventh day of the week, set aside by God for man to rest.
(Hebrew, "cessation") Established by the Ten Commandments as a day of rest.
(Exodus 20:8-11, Deuteronomy 5:12-15)

The day of rest. God completed the creation of the universe in six days. Therefore, God requires us to set one day apart for worship and rest.
Christians set Sunday apart, as this is the day upon which Jesus rose from the dead.
Jewish sabbath is from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday.
[Lord's Day]  [Ten Commandments

sacrament
An outward visible sign of an inward spiritual reality.
In purely historical terms, a church service or rite which was held to have been instituted by Jesus Christ himself. ( An outward sign of something special and holy)

Roman Catholics, Orthodox and the Anglicans believe in 7 sacraments:
Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, holy orders, forgiveness of sins, anointing of the sick, and Marriage.

Most Protestant churches recognise only the first two of these.
[Baptism]  [Denomination]  [Forgive/Forgiveness]  [Holy Matrimony]  [Means of Grace

Sacred
Something that is set apart for holy purposes.
That which has been perfected by being dedicated to God
[Consecrate]  [God]  [Holy

Sacrifice
(Latin, "perform a sacred act") the offering of the blood or flesh of an animal to God as payment for sin or to show gratitude. By offering an animal to God, the Hebrew people were giving another life in place of their own. God demanded that they offer Him the best: a young unblemished male animal.
An offering or gift given to God to remove the guilt of sin. Throughout the Old Testament, God's people brought sacrifices to God.
Genesis 46:1
Leviticus 9
Ezra 3:1-6
However, the Old Testament rituals were abolished in Christ's death, the perfect sacrifice for all through all time. Jesus gave his own life to pay for sin, once and for all.
Isaiah 53
Hebrews 7:23-28
Hebrews 9:23-28
God's people today give them-selves as "living sacrifices" to serve and praise God. Romans 12:1-2 Hebrews 13:15- 16
[Alter]  [Blood]  [Lamb (of God)]  [Passover]  [Sin, Sinner]  [Substitutionary Death

Sacrilege
A general term for violation of that which is considered sacred.
[Religion]  [Sacred]  [Sin, Sinner

Sadducees
Important Jewish religious group in Palestine from the late second century B.C. to the late first century A.D. who were opponents of Jesus. They rejected all Jewish observances not explicitly taught in the Pentateuch. They also denied the doctrines of resurrection and rewards and punishments after death.
A small but powerful group of religious leaders at the time of Jesus.
The Sadducees were mostly priests who followed only the Old Testament law. They did not obey the rules added by the Pharisees. The Sadducees did not believe in any life after death. Like the Pharisees, they were often in conflict with Jesus
Matthew 16:1-12
Mark 12:18-27
Acts 5:12-42
[Caiaphas]  [Pharisee

Salome
In the New Testament, the daughter of Herodias and niece of Herod Antipas, who granted her the head of John the Baptist in return for her dancing.
From an Aramaic name which was related to the Hebrew word shalom meaning "peace".

In the New Testament, though a name is not given, the daughter of Herodias, who is said to have danced for Herod Antipas and so pleased him that he granted her mother's request for the head of John the Baptist. Matt. 14:6-11. The name "Salomé" is preserved in the Jewish Antiquities of Josephus.
[Herod Antipas]  [Herodias]  [John (the Baptist)

Salvation
To be rescued from danger. To be saved from certain harm, usually death.
We are saved from God's judgement, and given and eternal life insurance policy?
John 3:14-17
Is the gift of eternal life that God offers us. In order to claim the gift, we accept the sacrifice that Jesus made for our sins. We ask Jesus to wash away our sins so that we can come before God blameless. The price of sin is eternal death but the gift of salvation is eternal life. By taking the penalty for all our sins, Jesus can offer us the gift of salvation.
[Eternal Life]  [Jesus]  [Legalism]  [Propitiation]  [Soteriology]  [Washed in the Blood

Samson
(Old Testament) a judge of Israel who performed Herculean feats of strength against the Philistines until he was betrayed to them by his mistress Delilah
In the Old Testament, an Israelite servant of God who pitted his invincible strength and his wits against the Philistines on many occasions. He was a "Nazarite unto God" from his birth, the first Nazarite mentioned in Scripture (Judg. 13:3-5; comp. Num. 6:1-21).

He was eventually betrayed by his lover, the beautiful Delilah, who tricked Samson into telling her that the secret of his strength lay in his uncut hair. Delilah cut Samson's hair while he slept, and then called for the Philistines, who captured and blinded him. During his captivity he regained his strength as his hair grew long again, and with his bare hands he pulled down the temple, destroying himself along with his enemies..
[Delilah]  [Nazarite

Sanctify
The process of being purified, cleaned up, and set apart. A work of the Holy Spirit in us through trials, ongoing self-denial, and the gifts and fruit of the Spirit. [Jn 17:17-19, Ac 26:18, 1Th 4:3,5:23- 24]
To make holy; to set apart to be used by God. The followers of Jesus are made holy by Jesus' sacrifice for them.
/ Corinthians 6:9-11
Hebrews 10:10
But they must also keep on working to be sanctified. The Holy Spirit helps God's people live holy lives.
John 17:15-19
1 Thessalonians 4:3- 8
2 Thessalonians 2:13-15
Hebrews 12:14
[Consecration]  [Fruit of the Holy Spirit]  [Holy Spirit]  [Jesus]  [Justify]  [Sacrifice

Sanhedrin
(from Greek for "assembly" [of persons seated together]; A legislative and judicial body from the period of early Judaism and into rabbinic times. Traditionally composed of 71 members. It had jurisdiction of religious matters, and was the supreme court in ancient Israel.
[Church]  [Stephen]  [Synagogue

Satan
Means "Adversary/enemy".
Means "enemy." Satan is the enemy of God. He wants to destroy everything God has created. He is also called the devil (James 4:7), the evil one [1 John 5:18-19), the prince of this world (John 14:30), and the god of this age (2 Corinthians 4:4)
Satan brought evil into the world. He lies, destroys, and attacks the people of God.
Genesis 3:1-15
Job 1-2
John 8:42-47
2 Corinthians 11:13- 15
Revelation 12
Jesus came into the world to renew what Satan had destroyed. Satan tried to stop Jesus. But Jesus is God's Son, and he has more power than Satan.
Matthew 4:1-11
Mark 3:20-30
Acts 26:15-18
1 John 3:7-8
The followers of Jesus can resist Satan by asking for the ' power of the Lord.
Ephesians 6:10-18
1 Peter 5:8-11
God will one day win a complete victory over Satan.
Revelation 20:1-10
[Devil

Saul
A male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "asked for"
From the Hebrew name Sha'ul which meant "asked for" or "prayed for". This was the name of the first king of Israel who ruled just before King David, as told in the Old Testament. Also, Saul was the original name of Saint Paul before his conversion to Christianity.
[Saul (NT)]  [Saul (OT)

Saul (NT)
Also called Saul' of Tar'sus. the original name of the apostle Paul.
Acts 9:1-30; 22:3.
Saul was also the Apostle Paul's original name. (Acts 7:58; 8:1; 9:1).

A Christian missionary to the Gentiles; author of several Epistles in the New Testament;
[Paul

Saul (OT)
The first king of Israel. I Sam. 9.
The first king of Israel according to the Old Testament of the Bible, he defended Israel against many enemies (especially the Philistines).

He often felt great despair, which was soothed by David playing his harp. Saul later became jealous of David and tried to have him killed in battle. After a prophesied defeat by the Philistines, Saul killed himself, and was succeeded by David.

His story is found in the first of the Books of Samuel.
[David

Saved
The Bible says that the wages of sin is death, and that all of us have sinned. Therefore, when we accept that Jesus took our place, He "saves" us from the natural consequences of that sin.
"To be rescued or delivered from destruction". As sinners, mankind was hopelessly lost and bound for eternal judgement, yet God sent Christ to die on the cross as a sacrifice for sin, to be buried, and to conquer death and sin by rising from the dead; because Christ was victorious He can rescue and deliver any sinner who comes to Him for salvation.
[Death]  [John 3:16]  [Salvation]  [Sin, Sinner

Saviour
A "saver" or "deliverer".
Jesus, God's Son, who forgave my wrongs and gave me eternal life
2 Timothy 1:10
Another title for Jesus. Used to show belief that he rescued people from their sins by dying on a cross.
[Cross]  [Eternal Life]  [Forgive/Forgiveness]  [Jesus

Scapegoat
The goat to which the sins of the Israelites were symbolically transferred on the Day of Atonement.
One who takes the blame for something;

On the Day of Atonement the sins of the people were symbolically placed upon the head of a goat and it was then allowed to escape into the wilderness.
Leviticus 16:7.
[Atonement, Day of

Scepticism
The disbelief in any claims of ultimate knowledge
To doubt, question, or suspend judgment on philosophical and/or religious issues. In a strict philosophical sense, to deny that true knowledge is attainable.
[Creationism]  [Fatalism]  [Pantheism]  [Philosophy]  [Rationalism

Schism
Formal division of a religious group.
[Denomination

Scribe, Teacher of the Law
A person who writes.
In bible times, most people, including the King, could not read or write.

Scribes worked as professional secretaries, to keep public accounts and records, or to write letters.
[Ezra

scripture reading
A passage from the Bible that is read by a church member or pastor. The context of the chosen passage usually complements some other aspect of the service: a special holiday or occasion, an earthshaking current event, the theme of the song service or sermon.
[Lectern]  [Scripture(s)

Scripture(s)
A place in the Bible where it says…
"That which is written"; God's Word; the Bible.
[Bible

Scroll
A document that can be rolled up (as for storage)
A scroll is a kind of roll of papyrus or paper used for writing in ancient civilisations before the codex or bound book was invented, and still today in some religious contexts. A scroll is read with one roll to the left and one roll to the right, and with columns of text running from top to bottom.
[Codex

Sea of Galilee
A freshwater lake of north-east Israel. About 214 m (700 ft) below sea level, it is fed and drained by the Jordan River. It is the lowest freshwater lake on earth and the second-lowest point in the world after the Dead Sea.
Lake in Israel with a surface area of 166 km, a length of 23 km and a maximum width of 13 km. The maximum depth is 46 metres. While the surface of the lake is at 207 metres below sea level, the water is fresh. The Sea of Galilee is part of the Rift Valley system. The lake is part of the Jordan River system.

Around the entire lake runs a beach. The lake has a rich fish life and many birds live around it. Economical activity to the lake is restricted to fishing. The Sea of Galilee provides Israel with half of all its supplies of fresh water. The main city near the lake is Tiberias.

For Christianity, the Sea of Galilee is of great importance, as it was the centre of much of the activity of Jesus and his disciples. In the gospels it is often referred to as Lake of Gennesaret.
[Jordan River

Second Coming
(Titus 2.13;). The Coming of our Lord Jesus Christ in glory to judge the quick and the dead. An event referred to more than 300 times in the New Testament.
At the end of the ages, Christ will come again to judge the living and the dead. Following the judgement, a new heaven and new earth will take the place of the old earth, which has been scarred by sin. Because Christ is already present through the Church, Christians enter into the Kingdom through their participation in the sacramental life of the Church as they await the coming of the Lord (see article, "The Second Coming of Christ," at Titus 2; Matt. 25:314 6; Rom. 8:18 21; 1 Thess. 4:16,17; Rev. 20:11 - 22:5).
[Christ]  [End Times]  [Kingdom of God/Heaven]  [Millennium]  [Parousia]  [Rapture

Sect
A general designation for a definable sub-group, often with negative overtones.
A group that, although marginally Christian in doctrine, is led by a dictatorial leader or leaders, is legalistic, and/or has an air of exclusivity.
[Cult]  [Denomination

Secular
(Latin, "of this world"). A general term for non-religious, or the opposite of religious.
A system of values and beliefs based only on the present and visible world without any reference to God.
[Beliefs]  [God

Selah
[Heb. sel[=a]h.] (Script.) A word of doubtful meaning, occurring frequently in the Psalms; by some, supposed to signify silence or a pause in the musical performance of the song.

Beyond the fact that Selach is a musical term, we know absolutely nothing about it. --Dr. W. Smith (Bib. Dict.)
A word frequently found in the Book of Psalms, and also in Hab. 3:9, 13, about
seventy-four times in all in Scripture. Its meaning is doubtful. Some interpret
it as meaning "silence" or "pause;" others, "end," "a louder strain," "piano,"
etc. The LXX. render the word by daplasma i.e., "a division."
[LXX (Septuagint)]  [Psalm

Semitic
Pertaining to a group of people that in ancient times included Babylonians, Assyrians, Aramaeans, Canaanites, and Phoenicians, but in more recent times is represented particularly by Jews. The term is frequently used to refer to the Hebrew ways of thinking.
[Arabic

Septuagesima
(Latin septugsima - seventieth)
the 3rd Sunday before Lent (or the 9th before Easter); so called because it is about seventy days before Easter.
[Lent

Septuagint
The earliest translation of the Old Testament from Hebrew into Greek.
A Greek version of the Hebrew Scriptures that dates from the 3rd century B.C., containing both a translation of the Hebrew and additional and variant material, regarded as the standard form of the Old Testament in the early Christian Church and still canonical in the Eastern Orthodox Church.
[Bible]  [OT]  [Scripture(s)

Sermon
A talk, usually based on a Bible text, generally delivered the pulpit, to give religious instruction and encouragement.
The interpretation or explanation of the scripture lesson used in worship. In the sermon the preacher helps us understand how the scripture applies to our lives.
[Homiletics]  [Preacher]  [Pulpit]  [Scripture(s)]  [Worship

Sermon on the Mount
An ethical discourse delivered by Jesus and recorded in Matthew 5-7 and paralleled briefly in Luke 6:20-49
The first major discourse delivered by Jesus to the disciples and others, containing the Beatitudes and important fundamentals of Christian teaching. It also contains the Lord's Prayer.
Matthew 5- 7 and Luke 6:20-49

The mountain here spoken of was probably that known by the name of the "Horns of Hattin" (Kurun Hattin), a ridge running east and west, not far from Capernaum. It was afterwards called the "Mount of Beatitudes."
[Beatitudes]  [Golden Rule]  [Lord's Prayer]  [Mammon]  [Meek

Shalom
Hebrew. Peace, Hello, and Goodbye.
Not simply cessation of war, but harmonious, rich, secure, established relationships.
[Hebrew

Shavuoth
Jewish holy day celebrated on the sixth of Sivan to celebrate Moses receiving the Ten Commandments
Jewish festival, that takes place on 6. Sivan, 7 weeks after Pesach, normally in the month of June. The word 'shavuoth' is Hebrew for 'weeks'.
The feast is both seen upon as a festival of grains, and as a commemoration of the giving of the Law on Mount Sinai. Activities on this day include reading from the book of Ruth, in which the content takes place during the grain harvest. God is praised in the synagogue, which is decorated with flowers and fruits. The food eaten on this day shall symbolise milk and honey, and is made up of dairy products.
[Commandment(s)]  [Moses]  [Sinai

Sheep
The first animal mentioned in the Bible, sheep were used either for sacrifice, for feasts or to entertain guests. Otherwise they were too valuable for their milk and their wool. Jesus referred to the faithful as sheep.
[Jesus]  [Sacrifice]  [Shepherd

Shekinah
A legendary Jewish word referring to the luminescent cloud of the Lord's glory which led the Israelites out of Egypt, and is connotative of the presence of the Lord. Very likely the "star" that led the wise men directly to Jesus. [Ex 13:21-22, De 1:23, Ne 9:29, Mt 2:9-10
A Chaldee word meaning resting-place, not found in Scripture, but used by the
later Jews to designate the visible symbol of God's presence in the tabernacle,
and afterwards in Solomon's temple. When the Lord led Israel out of Egypt, he
went before them "in a pillar of a cloud." This was the symbol of his presence
with his people. For references made to it during the wilderness wanderings,
see Ex. 14:20; 40:34-38; Lev. 9:23, 24; Num. 14:10; 16:19, 42.

It is probable that after the entrance into Canaan this glory-cloud settled in the tabernacle upon the ark of the covenant in the most holy place. We have, however, no special reference to it till the consecration of the temple by Solomon, when it filled the whole house with its glory, so that the priests could not stand to
minister (1 Kings 8:10-13; 2 Chr. 5:13, 14; 7:1-3).

Probably it remained in the first temple in the holy of holies as the symbol of Jehovah's presence so long as that temple stood. It afterwards disappeared.
[Exodus]  [Mercy Seat

Shema
A Jewish prayer, customarily repeated morning, evening and just before going to sleep.
It begins: "Hear, Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is One." See Deuteronomy 6:4-9
[Hebrew ma', hear (the first word of Deuteronomy 6:4), imperative of ma', to hear.
A liturgical prayer consisting of three Scriptural passages (Deuteronomy 6:4-9, 11:13-21, and Numbers 15:37-41) recited twice daily by adult Jewish males to affirm their faith.
[Jew(s)]  [Pray(er)]  [Tallith

Sheol
A Hebrew word. It is the place of the dead, not necessarily the grave, but the place the dead go to. It is used of both the righteous (Psalm 16:10; 30:3; Isaiah 38:10) and the wicked (Num. 16:33; Job. 24:19; Psalm 9:17).
[Hades

Shepherd
The life of an Eastern shepherd was one of ceaseless watchfulness. He must find grass and water in a dry and stony land, protect his charges from weather and from fiercer creatures. He should be strong, devoted and selfless. Jesus is referred to as the Good Shepherd.
(from Heb. ro`eh, "one who tends," to "tend"; Gk. poimen).

The routine of the shepherd's duties appears to have been as follows: In the morning he led forth his flock from the fold (Jn 10:4), which he did by going before them and calling them, as is still usual in the East. Arriving at the pasturage, he watched the flock with the assistance of dogs (Job 30:1), and, should any sheep stray, he searched for it until he found it (Ezek 34:12; Lk 15:4). He supplied them with water, either at a running stream or at troughs attached to wells (Gen 29:7; 30:38; Ex 2:16; Ps 23:2). At evening he brought them back to the fold and checked to see that none was missing by passing them "under the rod" as they entered the door of the enclosure (Lev 27:32; Ezek 20:37), checking each sheep as it passed, by a motion of the hand (Jer 33:13). Finally, he watched the entrance of the fold throughout the night, acting as gatekeeper (Jn 10:3). The shepherd's office thus required great watchfulness, particularly by night (Lk 2:8; Nah 3:18). It also required tenderness toward the young and feeble (Is 40:11), particularly in driving them to and from the pasturage (Gen 33:13).

Shepherds in Bible lands were of two varieties: nomadic, and those who resided in towns and tended flocks in nearby meadows.

They didn't wash correctly according to the Jews therefore they were despised and considered unclean. Shepherds were banned from the temple and synagogue.

- Jesus birth was unrevealed to kings and religious leaders but revealed to the humble Judean shepherds.

- The fields of Bethlehem were the fields where Jacob had kept his flocks, also where Boaz and Ruth had been wedded, and where David had spent his youth.

- The eastern plains of Bethlehem contained the watchtower of Migdal Eder where the Messiah was supposed to be revealed. According to the Mishna, flocks that were pastured there were destined for the temple sacrifices and the shepherds that tended them were the only ones not unclean.
[Christmas]  [Jesus]  [Sheep

Shiite
The smaller of the two major branches of Islam that developed when followers of Muhammad disagreed over who should lead the faith when their leader died. About 16 percent of all Muslims are Shiite. The larger branch is known as Sunni.
[Islam]  [Mohammed/Muhammad]  [Muslim/Moslem

Shofar
A trumpet made of a ram's horn, blown by the Israelites during religious ceremonies and as a signal in battle

It is now sounded on Judaism's high holy days in the synagogue during Rosh Hashanah and at the end of Yom Kippur.
[Israel, Nation of]  [Jericho]  [Jewish feasts

Shrove Tuesday
The Tuesday preceding the first day of Lent, or Ash Wednesday.
In the Christian calendar, Shrove Tuesday is the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday. In Britain it is popularly known as "Pancake Day"; in Louisiana it is Mardi Gras (French for "Fat Tuesday"); in Brazil it is Carnival.
[Ash Wednesday]  [Lent

Shrovetide
Immediately preceding Lent
The days immediately preceding Ash Wednesday, especially the period between the evening before Quinguagesima Sunday and the morning of Ash Wednesday.
[Ash Wednesday]  [Shrove Tuesday

Silas
In the Acts of the Apostles, early Christian leader and companion of Paul on two missionary journeys. Probably he is the Silvanus mentioned frequently in the Letters.
Silas or Silvanus (flourished 1st century) was an early Christian who was a companion of Paul and Peter. The name Silas is a Greek nickname for the Latin Silvanus.

Silas is listed as a co-author or co-sender of the First and Second Epistle to the Thessalonians, a part of the New Testament.
[Epistle]  [Paul

Simeon
From the name Shim'on (that hears or obeys; that is heard).
[Simeon (NT)

Simeon (NT)
In the New Testament this is the name of a man who blessed the new-born Jesus.
An aged saint who visited the temple when Jesus was being presented before the Lord, and uttered lofty words of thanksgiving and of prophecy (Luke 2:29-35).
[Nunc Dimittis]  [Simeon

Simeon (OT)
In the Old Testament this is the name of the second son of Jacob and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.
The second son of Jacob by Leah (Gen. 29:33). He was associated
with Levi in the terrible act of vengeance against Hamor and the Shechemites
(34:25, 26). He was detained by Joseph in Egypt as a hostage (42:24).
[Israel (Jacob)]  [Joseph (OT)]  [Tribes of Israel

Simon
From the Greek form of the Hebrew name Shim'on which meant "hearkening" or "listening".
[Peter (Apostle)]  [Simon (Apostle)

Simon (Apostle)
In the New Testament, one of the 12 Apostles. Although nothing certain is known of his life, he is thought to have been a member of the Zealots (called Simon the Zealot in Luke 6:15 and Acts 1:13; .
The name of Simon occurs in all the passages of the Gospel and Acts, in which a list of the Apostles is given. To distinguish him from St. Peter he is called (Matthew 10:4; Mark 3:18) Kananaios, or Kananites, and Zelotes (Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13).
[Apostles, Twelve]  [Zealot

Simon of Cyrene
The man from the area called Cyrene who was forced to carry Jesus' cross. (Matthew 27:32, Mark 15:21, Luke 23:26).
According to the Gospel of Mark (15:21-22), Matthew (27:32), and Luke (23:26) Simon of Cyrene was compelled by the Romans to carry the cross of Jesus Christ as Jesus was taken to his crucifixion.

He was probably an African Jew, and is identified as the father of Alexander and Rufus. Because his home town, Cyrene, is located in Africa, some believe he was the first Black saintly Christian.
[Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Passion of Christ]  [Stations/Way of the Cross

Sin, Sinner
Sin means to miss the mark. Sin is what separates us from God; it's those things we do that we know are wrong but do them anyway.

The penalty for sin is permanent separation from God and death. Sin also causes other people to suffer. It can often be enticing and attractive, or the end result can be desirable, but there is never a good reason to sin.

Our goal as Christians is to strive to eliminate sin from our lives; to hit the mark every time and do those things that please and honour God.
Breaking God's law. Sin comes from a broken relation-ship with God. Sin is not a part of our original human nature. God created the first people with the ability to choose whether or not to trust and obey God.
Genesis 2-3
But now, all people are born with a sinful nature that holds them in slavery. This leads to all kinds of law-breaking.
Genesis 6:5-7
Mark 7:20-23
Romans 1:18-32
Romans 3:9- 20, 23
Ephesians 2:1-3
Psalm 58:1-5
God sent Jesus to defeat the power of sin and remove the punishment for sin.
Romans 5-6
2 Corinthians 5:21
Colossians 2:13-15
1 Timothy 1:15-16
Hebrews 9:11-10:18
1 John 1:5-2:2
1 John 3:1-10
When God's people confess their sins. God will forgive them.
Psalm 32
Psalm 51
Luke 18:9-14
1 John 1:9
In the future. God will remove all the results of sin from his creation.
2 Peter 3:10-13
Revelation 21:1-5
[Atonement]  [Forgive/Forgiveness]  [God]  [Justification]  [Remission]  [Temptation]  [Tract]  [Trespass

Sinai
Geographically, Sinai is a mountain or a desert or a peninsula that comprises Saudi Arabia and several smaller Mideast nations. For religious Jews, Sinai refers to the mountain upon which Moses met with God and received the law, especially the tablets of the Decalogue or Ten Commandments.
[Decalogue]  [Moses]  [Shavuoth]  [Ten Commandments

Slain in the Spirit
An extrabiblical term, used in the Charismatic circles, to describe a phenomenon which brings about an overwhelming awareness of the Holy Spirit, causing a person to fall prostrate.
"Then; when He said to them, I am He; they drew back and fell to the ground" (John 18:6).
Used to describe the supposed movement of the Holy Spirit upon a person. The claim is that the Holy Spirit moves with such power on a person, that the person is "slain." This does not mean the person dies, but that he/she is so overcome by the presence of the Spirit that he/she falls down to the ground being completely overcome.
[Charismatic]  [Holy Spirit

Slander
Slander is the spreading of the public lie, or any form of verbal gossiping, maligning, or judging anyone, Tit 3:2
Libel and slander are two forms of defamation (or defamation of character), which is the tort of making a false statement of fact that injures someone's reputation. When the communication is in writing, it is termed "libel".
[Lie

socialism
An economic system based on state ownership of capital
General term for the political and economic theory that advocates a system of collective or government ownership and management of the means of production and distribution of goods. Because of the collective nature of socialism, it is to be contrasted to the doctrine of the sanctity of private property that characterises capitalism. Where capitalism stresses competition and profit, socialism calls for co-operation and social service.
[Capitalism]  [Communism

Soteriology
The study (or doctrine) of salvation.
A theological term used to describe the doctrine of salvation. Taken from the Greek word for salvation, SOTERIA..
[Salvation

Soul
"Breath of life." The inner part of you that is self-conscious, containing the will, intellect and emotions. It is what you are left with after you die.
The eternal part of us. Closely associated with our wills and basic instincts.
"Soul" refers to the emotions and intellect of a living person, as well as that person's very life. It is distinguished in the Bible from a person's spirit and body. (1 Thessalonians 5:23, Hebrews 4:12)
[Bible]  [Dichotomy]  [Eternal]  [Eternity]  [Spirit

Spikenard
An aromatic oil extracted from an East Indian plant, Nardostachys jatamansi,. (Song 4:13; Mk 14:3; Jn 12:3).
It was a costly oil derived from the dried roots and stems of the nard, a herb of Asia. This oil was used as a liquid or made into an ointment. Solomon praised the fragrance of spikenard. Spikenard was imported from India in alabaster boxes. These were stored and used only for special occasions. When household guests arrived, they were usually anointed with this oil. Jesus was anointed on two occasions as an honoured guest (Mk 14:3; Jn 12:3).
[Alabaster]  [Anoint

Spirit
"The wind." The inner part of you that is God-conscious (vs. the soul which is self-conscious).
Humans have a spirit, soul and body. The soul is composed of the mind, will, and emotions. The spirit is the part of man which is able to communicate with God, since God is a spirit. The conscience is also part of the spirit.
Spirit, breath, and wind all derive from the same Hebrew and Greek words. A person's spirit is the very essence of that person's life, which comes from God, who is a Spirit being (John 4:24, Genesis 1:2; 2:7). The Bible distinguishes between a person's spirit, soul, and body (1 Thessalonians 5:23, Hebrews 4:12). Some beings may exist as spirits without necessarily having a visible body, such as angels and demons (Luke 9:39, 1 John 4:1-3).
[Soul

Spiritual Gifts
Supernatural empowerment for Christian ministry that all believers are given.
[Gifts of the Holy Spirit

Spiritual Warfare
Is a Christian term that refers to the interaction of persons with the angelic and demonic realms in positive or negative ways.
Our warfare in the Christian life is neither physical nor fleshly; it is invisible and spiritual! We are to use our God-given assets (Bible doctrine, filling of the Spirit, etc.) to battle the forces and deceit of the great deceiver, the devil. Bible doctrine resident in the believer's soul is the only weapon capable of withstanding the barrage of attacks from our great adversary the devil! 1Pe 5:7-9.
[Angel]  [Demon]  [Temptation]  [Victory]  [Walk]  [World, The

Stanza
The proper designation given to the major divisions of a hymn. The term "verse" is more properly used to designate divisions within a psalm.
In poetry, a stanza is a unit within a larger poem. The term means "room" in Italian.

A set of lines in a poem or the lyrics of a song. Because the Bible book of Psalms is really a collection of song lyrics, it is a popular fad for speakers to refer to individual verses as stanzas.
[Psalm]  [Selah

Star of Bethlehem
Star heralding the birth of Jesus. Matt 2
Wise Men of the East, Magi, or Three Kings, men who came from the East to adore the new-born Jesus. Mat. 2. They were the first to tell Herod of the birth. A star (the Star of Bethlehem) had been a sign for them.
[Christ]  [Epiphany]  [Magi

Stations/Way of the Cross
A devotion consisting of prayers and meditations before each of 14 crosses or images set up in a church or along a path commemorating the events of the Passion of Jesus.
A Procession with stations commemorating the Passion and Death of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Also called the Stations of the Cross. The currently used stations of the cross--14 events which happened within the last 24 hours Jesus was on the earth, are as follows.
1. He is condemned to death.
2. He carries His cross.
3. He falls.
4. Jesus meets His afflicted mother.
5. Simon helps carry Jesus' cross.
6. Veronica wipes His face.
7. Jesus falls again.
8. He meets the women of Jerusalem.
9. He falls a third time.
10. He is stripped.
11. He is nailed to the cross.
12. He dies.
13. His body is taken down.
14. He is buried.
[Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Passion of Christ]  [Resurrection]  [Simon of Cyrene

Stephen
First Christian martyr (protomartyr) who, according to the New Testament, was stoned to death after his defence of Christianity before the Sanhedrin.
Was one of the first seven deacons chosen by the early church in the Acts of the Apostles, who became a preacher of the gospel. He was the first Christian martyr. His personal character and history are recorded in Acts 6. "He fell asleep" with a prayer for his persecutors on his lips (7:60). Devout men carried him to his grave (8:2).

It was at the feet of the young Pharisee, Saul of Tarsus, that those who stoned him laid their clothes
[Martyr]  [New Testament]  [Paul]  [Sanhedrin

Substitutionary Death
The death of Christ in the place of His people. (Isaiah 53)
Forgiveness and acceptance with God cannot be merited or earned, but that they are given freely, on the basis of Christ's substitutionary death for us (Romans 3:23,24) It is not by works of any kind that we perform that we can enter into God's fellowship but only by undeserved love, known and experienced in Christ (Ephesians 2:8,9).
[Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Eternal Life]  [Sacrifice]  [Sin, Sinner

Succoth
People camp in huts or tents to remember the Israelites' time in the desert.

see feast of tabernacles
[Feast of Tabernacles

Sukkoth
A Jewish harvest festival

see Feast of Tabernacles
[Feast of Tabernacles

Sunday
First day of the week; observed as a day of rest and worship by most Christians
The first day in the Christian liturgical week, the original feast day, the heart of the calendar, the basis and nucleus of the liturgical year.
[Liturgical Year]  [Sabbath

Sunday School
A school or class offering children religious education or activities on Sundays
[Religion]  [Sunday

Sunni
The largest branch of Islam that comprises about 85 percent of all Muslims. Sunni Islam began shortly after the death of Muhammad, when followers fought over who should lead the faith. Islam divided into two major branches at that point, the larger Sunni and the smaller Shi'ah, or Shiite branch.
[Islam]  [Mohammed/Muhammad]  [Muslim/Moslem]  [Shiite

Superscription
That which is written or engraved on the surface, outside, or above something else;

The superscription of his accusation was written over, The King of the Jews. --Mark xv. 26.
A board that was hung around a criminals neck in his way to his execution, then fixed to the cross over his head. It bore his name and the offence for which he was being executed. The superscription written for Jesus read "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews".
It was written in Greek, Latin and Hebrew.
[Crucify, Crucifixion]  [INRI

Supplication
This is the means by which believers communicate with God and receive guidance for their lives.
[Believer]  [God

swaddle(ing)
A band or cloth wrapped round an infant, especially round a new-born infant.

Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger. --Luke 2v12.
The Jews thought that swaddling an infant, or binding it with long cloth strips, would ensure straight limbs. (This is also how they mended broken bones).
[Christmas

Synagogue
A Jewish meeting-house that served for church, law-court, and school. It was overseen by local elders or "rulers" whose powers included the infliction of penalties.
A Greek word ' meaning "to gather." The Jews would gather at buildings called synagogues to worship God and to study the Scriptures. Each Jewish community also used the synagogue to teach young people.
Jesus went to the synagogue to worship. He also taught there.
Mark 1:21-28
Luke 4:14-30
John 12:37-43
John 18:19-21
Paul used the synagogue as a place to preach the gospel to the Jews.
Acts 17:1-4, 10-12
Acts 18:1-11
[Jew(s)]  [Pharisee]  [Sadducees]  [Scripture(s)]  [Tallith]  [Worship

Synod
Periodic gathering of clergy ( bishops, priests and deacons)
[Clergy

Synoptic Gospels
The greek word synoptic means "to look at together". The synoptic gospels are Matthew, Mark and Luke.
Matthew, Mark and Luke; so called because they "see together" or take a common view, that is, they basically tell the same story in much the same way, unlike John, with which they have much less in common.
[Gospel