Priesthill (Zion) Methodist

“centred in Christ, caring for people”

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The flowers are springing up,
the season of singing birds
has come;
Song of Solomon 2v12

How to use this glossary: Each word has two definitions.
The first is a very simple word equivalent, just a phrase or a few words. The second is a more detailed explanation with examples.

Glossary Terms - R

A dignified title given to Jewish doctors of law, and distinguished teachers
Rabbi is a transliteration of the Hebrew word for "my teacher," used as a title of respect for Jewish teachers.
[Jew(s)]  [Masoretic text]  [Rabonni

A transliteration of the Hebrew word for "great teacher."
[Aram.,=my master], a variant of Rabbi, a title of respect to teachers.
It is addressed to Jesus in (Mark 10:51, A.V., "Lord," R.V., "Rabboni;" John 20:16)
[Jesus]  [Rabbi

The covenant God made with Noah and his descendants and with the whole new creation after the destruction of the antediluvian world in the flood.
There are lots of covenants in the bible, but God's covenant with Noah is the first one. A covenant is an agreement in which people promise to do certain things. The rainbow was the sign of God's covenant promise never again to destroy the earth with a flood. The word that the Bible uses for rainbow also means a "war-bow". This symbolises Gods lowering his bow to declare peace.
[Antediluvian]  [Covenant]  [Flood, Biblical]  [Noah

A shorthand term for denoting what the scripture describes as "being collected together with Him in the air" that will happen before, during, or after the "great tribulation/trouble"
The supernatural "catching up" of all believers into the air to meet Jesus
1 Thess 4:16- 17
1 Cor 15:51
John 14
Rev 3:10
[Millennium]  [Second Coming]  [Tribulation, Great

A general term for the perspective that holds that everything is actually or potentially understandable by human reason.
The theory that the exercise of reason, rather than experience, authority, or spiritual revelation, provides the primary basis for knowledge.

In everyday usage in opposition to religious belief based upon revelation.
[Creationism]  [Fatalism]  [Nihilism]  [Pantheism]  [Philosophy

Reckoning, Day of
(New Testament) day of the Last Judgment when God will decree the fates of all men according to the good and evil of their earthly lives
[Day of Judgement

Reconcile, Reconciliation
To reconcile is to restore a relationship. We are separated from God by our sin. When we accept the sacrifice that Jesus made for our sins on the cross, we are reconciled with God. Reconciliation is an important part of Christian doctrine.
Colossians 1:20-22
To bring peace between two people who have been enemies.
Luke 12:57-59
The world sinned and was hostile toward God. Then God sent Jesus to reconcile the world to God.
Romans 5:10-11
2 Corinthians 5:16-21
Ephesians 2:11-18
Colossians 1:19-23
[Doctrine]  [Forgive/Forgiveness]  [God]  [Sin, Sinner

Redeem, Redemption
A term from ancient economic vocabulary concerning the freeing by purchasing (manumission) of slaves, applied to the religious concept (especially in Christianity) of salvation from slavery to sin (being "redeemed").

The price paid for our redemption was Jesus' life. We didn't have to pay the price of our sin Jesus did it for us. He is called the Redeemer for this reason. Achieving deliverance from the enslavement of sin, granting forgiveness and release to an eternal freedom in Christ. Eph 1:7, Col 1:14.
When a family member pays a price to buy someone or something back from slavery or ownership by someone else.
Leviticus 25:23-55
Ruth 3:1-4:12
In the New Testament, our brother Jesus redeems us from sin, or sets us free, by his death on the cross. Galatians 3:10-14
Galatians 4:1- 7
Ephesians 1:7-8
Colossians 1:13-14
Hebrews 2:11-15
[Cross]  [Forgive/Forgiveness]  [Sin, Sinner

Broadly speaking, a series of changes within the Church between the 14th and 17th centuries. For Lutherans, the changes sought and brought about by Martin Luther which ultimately resulted in a split from the Roman Catholic Church.
The Protestant reformation officially broke out in AD 1517. The printing press was an integral part of the reformation, since it allowed the writings of the reformers to travel quickly. The first printed book using metal type was the Bible in AD 1483. Other writers paved the way, including John of Wesel from Rhineland, Germany who wrote that the Bible alone is the authority in matters of faith. Wrote against indulgences. On October 31, 1517 Martin Luther (AD 1483-1546), professor of biblical studies at the Univ. of Wittenburg, Germany, announced a disputation on indulgences. He stated his argument in his 95 theses, which he nailed to the church door. The news spread quickly. Luther was excommunicated in AD 1520 by the pope. Luther wrote in German, and translated the Bible into German. In AD 1529, Emperor Charles V tried to stop Luther, but people stood up in protest, getting the name 'Protestant'.
[Catholic]  [Denomination]  [Evangelical]  [Indulgence]  [Martin Luther]  [Protestant

The doctrine that a person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions
[Lat.,=taking on flesh again]
the belief that when a person dies, their soul is reborn into another living human. Belief in reincarnation is found among Buddhists, Hindus, followers of the New Age, and most Neopagans.
Often confused with the Hindu concept of the "Transmigration of the Soul".
[Buddhism]  [Hinduism]  [Karma]  [Transmigration of the Soul

Most use this to mean external, spiritual traditions; but it comes from the Latin "religare" which means "relationship." That's what it should be first.
Christianity is a relationship with Jesus Christ, by grace through faith Eph 2:8-9.
The term religion comes from the Latin religare, which means to tie or to bind. Religions are belief systems rather than individual discreet beliefs. How religions should be characterised and differentiated from all the other types of belief systems which people have is a matter of great debate.

One of the 4 largest universal religions each with over 300 million followers (5% of world population): Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism.
[Beliefs]  [Christianity]  [Islam]  [Theology

[L. remissio, from remitto, to send back.]
Forgiveness; pardon; that is, the giving up of the punishment due to a crime; as the remission of sins. Matt. 26. Heb. 9.
[Usage: Forgiveness, Pardon. Forgiveness is Anglo-Saxon, and pardon Norman French, both implying a giving back.]
The forgiveness and putting aside of sins. As the faithful are released from their sins through the sacramental life of the Church, they in turn are called to remit the sins of any who have offended them See John 20:23; Acts 2:37, 38.
[Forgive/Forgiveness]  [Grace]  [Sin, Sinner

Repent, Repentance
"to change". (Note that it does not mean the emotion of remorse, though remorse may accompany it.) This means changing your attitude and lifestyle to one that pleases God
To turn away from sin and start to follow God completely. To repent means to change the direction of one's life.
Jeremiah 5:3-4
Matthew 3:1-12
Mark 1:14-15
Acts 20:21
2 Corinthians 7:10
[Born Again]  [God]  [Sin, Sinner

Gk. anastasis, "to make to stand," or "rise up"). Resurrection is rising again from the dead in a human body, the reunion of the body and soul that have been separated by death, and never again being subject to death.
A rising from the dead, coming back to life; specifically the rising of Jesus from the dead after his death and burial; the restoration of his physical life and the reunion of his body with his spirit, brought about by the power of God, (Matt. 27.53; Acts 1.22; 2.31). Also refers to the rising from the dead at the last judgement, (Matt. 22. 30-31;).
[Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Last Judgement]  [Resurrection of Christ]  [Resurrection of the Dead]  [Tomb of Christ

Resurrection of Christ
Jesus' resurrection from death (celebrated on Easter Sunday), by which human judgement was reversed.
The resurrection of Christ is the foundation of Christianity. When Christ sacrificed Himself on the cross, He shed His blood for our sins. When He came back to life, He proved that He had conquered the penalty of sin, which is death.
Coming back to life after being dead.
Death came into the world because of sin.
Romans 5:12
Jesus raised people from the dead as a sign of God's power over sin.
Luke 7:11- 17
John 11:1-44
The resurrection of Jesus is the key victory over death.
Matthew 28
Luke 24
Acts 2:22-39
Because Jesus rose from the dead, his followers have a new life now. They will also rise again with new bodies when Jesus comes again.
Romans 6:1-10
Philippians 3:7-21
At the final resurrection, all people will rise from the dead to be judged by God.
Daniel 12:1-2
Matthew 22:23-33
Revelation 20:11-15
[Cross]  [Easter]  [Resurrection]  [Sin, Sinner

Resurrection of the Dead
The belief that departed souls will be restored to bodily life, whereupon they will enter life in the Kingdom of Heaven.
[Heaven]  [Resurrection

Reveal, Revelation
The disclosure of something not previously known. In the case of Biblical revelation, the prophets of the Bible spoke under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit of God, sometimes not even understanding what they were writing. (see 1 Peter 1:10-11, and 2 Peter 1:20-21)
To show somebody something or teach them something they did not know.
Deuteronomy 29:29 I Corinthians 2:6-16
In the Bible, God reveals the truth about us and our world. By his great acts of salvation, God showed his people his power and love. God sometimes revealed things to certain people (prophets or apostles). Amos 3:7
Romans 16:25-27
Ephesians 3:2-5
When Jesus came, he revealed who God is and how much he loved us.
John 1:1-18
Hebrews 1:1-2
[Holy Spirit]  [Prophet]  [Theology

Revealed theology
Theology based on the doctrine that all religious truth is derived exclusively from the revelations of God to humans.
[Natural Theology

Revelation, book of
The last book of the Christian Bible, written by the Apostle John while exiled on the Isle of Patmos around 96-98 A.D.
The last book of the New Testament, revealed to the apostle John. It contains messages to the churches and visions of the future, depicting the end of the present age. Its Greek title means "unveiling" or "disclosure" of the hidden things known only to God.
[Apocalypse]  [Armageddon]  [NT

Revelation, Progressive
God has been continuing to reveal more of Himself throughout the ages. Noah and Abraham knew less of God's truth than we who live this side of the cross. The revelation has never changed, it has merely been expanded upon. This gives no place for pride, but it makes us more accountable.
[Abraham]  [Noah

Renewed interest in religion, after indifference and decline; a period of religious awakening; special religious interest.
A meeting or series of meetings for the purpose of reawakening religious faith, often characterised by impassioned preaching and public testimony.
[Faith]  [Preach]  [Religion]  [Testimony

A Greek term that translates to "word." It means "that which is spoken" and refers to that part of God's eternal unchanging word that is spoken,

Literally justice or uprightness. God alone is righteous in the truest sense. When a person is saved, not only are his sins forgiven, but he is given the righteousness of Christ, making him acceptable to God. (Philippians 3:8-9)
Doing what is right or holy; being faithful to the promises of a covenant. God is the only purely righteous one.
Psalm 11
Psalm 119:137-44
Daniel 9:4-19
Romans 10:1-3
1 John 2:1
God expects his people to also be righteous. But they do not always live by God's law. God sent Jesus so that those who believe in Jesus will have his righteousness given to them.
Romans 3:9-24
Romans 4:1-8
2 Corinthians 5:21
Philippians 3:4-9
The Holy Spirit now works in the followers of Jesus so they can live righteously.
Romans 8:1-11
Galatians 5:16-26
Ephesians 4:17-24
[Covenant]  [Forgive/Forgiveness]  [Saviour

Ceremonies and texts used in the worship of the Church. Having her roots in the temple and synagogue, the Church has employed ritual in her worship from the very beginning.
[Church]  [Synagogue]  [Temple]  [Worship

Relating to the city of Rome and its empire in ancient times

Rosh Hashanah
Biblically known as the "Feast of Trumpets"
In Hebrew, this term literally means "New Year." It is a joyous holiday celebrated in the fall, usually in September, which begins the new Jewish year. It followed by the Day of Atonement and the Feast of Booths.
[Atonement, Day of]  [Feast of Tabernacles]  [Feast of Trumpets]  [Jewish feasts

In the Bible, a Moabite widow who left home with her mother-in-law and went to Bethlehem, where she later married Boaz.
The great-grandmother of King David, known for her kindness and faithfulness. Not an Israelite herself, she married an Israelite who had come to her country with his family. Ruth's husband died, and her mother-in-law, Naomi, set out to return to the country of the Israelites. Ruth insisted on accompanying Naomi, saying, "Whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge." In the country of the Israelites, Ruth married Boaz, a rich relative of her dead husband; Boaz had been attracted to Ruth by her generosity. Her story is told in the Book of Ruth in the Old Testament.
[David]  [Ruth (Book of)

Ruth (Book of)
A book of the Old Testament that tells the story of Ruth who was not an Israelite but who married and Israelite and who stayed with her mother-in-law Naomi after her husband died
Book of the Bible. It tells a story, set in the days of the judges, of the fidelity of a Moabite widow (Ruth) to her widowed mother-in-law (Naomi). After the death of her husband in Moab, Ruth returns with Naomi to Bethlehem. There Ruth marries Naomi's kinsman, Boaz. Boaz and Ruth were ancestors of David. This idyll is one of the most popular of scriptural stories. Dates before and after the 6th-century exile have been suggested, but it was probably composed between 450 BC and 300 BC
[OT]  [Ruth