Priesthill (Zion) Methodist

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The flowers are springing up,
the season of singing birds
has come;
Song of Solomon 2v12

How to use this glossary: Each word has two definitions.
The first is a very simple word equivalent, just a phrase or a few words. The second is a more detailed explanation with examples.

Glossary Terms - P

Pagan
(from Latin for village peasant). In a general sense, neither Jewish nor Christian (nor Muslim), traditionally with negative connotations (an irreligious person, heathen);
Derived from the Latin term for an outside person, literally, a country or rural person rather than a person of the city. In Christian Rome, pagans were often thought of as irreligious followers of many gods or as given over to sensual pleasures. Used in a religious context to apply to persons outside a particular faith, especially Christianity, much as a synonym for heathen.
The term also has come to be adopted by some modern persons or movements that dissociate themselves from the "Judeo-Christian" tradition.
[Heathen]  [Religion

Palaeontology
The study of fossil records as a means of attempting to determine the past.
Paleontology is the study of the developing history of life on earth, of ancient plants and animals based on the fossil record, evidence of their existence preserved in rocks. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks, burrows, cast off parts, fossilised faeces ("coprolites"), and chemical residues.
[Creation]  [Darwinism]  [Genesis]  [Watchmaker Argument

Palestine
The part of the Eastern Mediterranean where Jesus lived, part of modern day Israel.
(Greek form representing "Philistines," for the seacoast population encountered by early geographers). An ancient designation for the area between Syria (to the north) and Egypt (to the south), between the Mediterranean Sea and the River Jordan; roughly, modern Israel.
[Israel, People Of]  [Jordan River

Palestinian
Different people use the word Palestinians to mean different things. Some refer only to Arabs whose origins are in the region historically known as Palestine (also called the Land of Israel or the Holy Land), others refer to all residents of this area.
[Arab]  [Israel (Kingdom of)]  [Palestine

Palm Sunday
The day that Christians remember the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem.
Palm Sunday is a moveable feast in the church calendar observed by Catholic, Orthodox, and some Protestant Christians. It is the Sunday before Easter Sunday, and a celebration of the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem in the days before his execution. The crowd greeted him by waving palm fronds, giving the day its name.
Matthew 21:1-11
Mark 11:1-11
Luke 19:28-44
John 12:12-19
[Easter]  [Holy Week]  [Hosanna

Pantheism
(Gk. pan - "all" or "every", theos - "God") - All is God and God is all
The belief that God is in everything from rocks to birds to water to air.
Simply stated, means "God is All" and "All is God". It is the view that everything is of an all encompassing God. More detailed definitions tend to emphasise the idea that natural law, existence and/or the universe (the sum total of all that is was and shall be) is personified in the theological principle of 'God.'
[Atheist]  [Deist]  [Theism

Parable
Stories that tell of an earthly event, but which have a spiritual meaning.
Jesus frequently used parables in His ministry.
A word derived from the Gk. verb paraballo, to "lay by the side of," to "compare"; and so a "likeness, similitude."

Jesus often taught by putting a story alongside the truth he wanted to convey to his listeners. He drew the elements of his stories from nature (the seed and the soils, the mustard seed), from customs that were well known to all (folding leaven into dough, setting a lamp on a stand, meeting a bridegroom with lighted lamps), and from the stories themselves (the Good Samaritan, the Prodigal Son, the king and the wedding feast). Sometimes Jesus clearly explained the point of the story (the seed and the soils, the wheat and the tares); sometimes he drew the meaning from his audience (the Good Samaritan); and sometimes he left the point hanging, in effect asking the listener to figure out what he meant.

Jesus started using parables when opposition to his ministry increased. Through this method, spiritual truths would be revealed to the receptive and hidden from the non-receptive listener. "Parables confront the accepted norms so as to open the people's minds to new understandings of truth and possibility…(they) are told with the deliberate intention of raising questions and of forcing the hearers to re-examine their assumptions about life and truth" without making the listener defensive. (Russell, p. 14-15)
Mark 4:1-34
Luke 10:25-37
Luke 14:15- 24
Luke 15
Luke 18:1-14
[Jesus]  [Talent

Paraclete
A Greek term used to refer to the Holy Spirit. It is usually translated "Counsellor" or "Comforter" or "Helper."
Comes from the Greek word meaning "one who consoles", which first appears in the Gospel of John (16:7). Christian theology afterwards identified Paraclete with the Holy Spirit.
[Holy Spirit

Paradox
(in logic) a self-contradiction; "I always lie".
That which is true, but not conventionally logical: for example, that a virgin could bear a Son and yet remain a virgin, as did Mary; or that God can be One, yet three Persons. The Christian faith is full of paradoxes, because our intellect is not sufficient to comprehend the mind of God (see Is. 55:8, 9).
[Christian(s)]  [Faith]  [Trinity

Pardon
Release from the consequences of sin.
[Forgive/Forgiveness

Parousia
A Greek word which means "presence" or "coming."
(Christian theology) the reappearance of Jesus as judge for the Last Judgment

In Christian Eschatology, the presence of Christ is also referred to as the Second Coming of Christ. Throughout the New Testament, Jesus Christ described his return as parousia, i.e. him being present in this world with his followers.
In Christianity, Parousia means the presence of Christ. In the Greek language parousia means "presence," and in the ancient Greco-Roman world it referred to official visits by royalty.

It was appropriated by Christians as a specialised term for Jesus' glorious presence on earth-primarily his final return at the end of the world, but also his return upon the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem.

The Gospels contain several apparent predictions of Jesus regarding his return at the end of the world. These include: Matthew 16:27, 24:26-28, and 24:37-41; Luke 17:22-37; John 14:3. Jesus says that he will "come in the glory of his Father with his angels, and then he will reward each one according to his behaviour," (Matt 16:27) and that this will occur suddenly, "like a lightning strike in the east and flashing far into the west" (Matt 24:27).
[Eschatology]  [Second Coming

Passion of Christ
[Pasch really comes from a Hebrew word meaning "passage" (of the destroying angel during the original Passover in Egypt). The Greek ( paschein) and Latin (passus) translations mean "to suffer"].
It has evolved into the word Passion to denote the suffering of Christ on the cross.
Used by Christians to refer to the suffering of Jesus Christ in his last days and death. This usage exposes the etymological origins of the word, which lie in the Latin pati: "to suffer". In the Roman Catholic Church, the Passion story is depicted in the Stations of the Cross (or Way of the Cross).
[Simon of Cyrene]  [Stations/Way of the Cross

Passover
The Jewish festival which celebrates the Israelites' flight from slavery in Egypt in the time of Moses(Exodus 12) . The Passover celebrations are held in March or April each year.
A Jewish celebration feast. It reminds the people how God saved them from slavery in Egypt. Part of the meal includes the Passover lamb.
At the first Passover a lamb was killed and its blood was placed on the people's doorframes. This was so God would "pass over" the homes of his people and spare the lives of their firstborn sons....... .
Exodus 12
2 Chronicles 35:1-19
Jesus is the Passover lamb for all of God's people. He was sacrificed so his people could be saved from sin and death.
Luke 22:7-16
1 Corinthians 5:6-8
[Jewish feasts]  [Lamb (of God)]  [Money Changers]  [Moses]  [Pesach]  [Plagues of Egypt]  [Sacrifice

Pastor
A minister who serves as Christ's shepherd for the congregation.
A person who is a minister and spiritual overseer of a church congregation. Pastor literally means "a shepherd," a metaphoric description of one who cares for and leads a flock of God's sheep.
(One of five office gifts described in Ephesians 4:11, 1 Timothy 3:1-7)
[Bishop]  [Elder

Patriarch
The father of a family or chief of a tribe.
A patriarch is a father. When the Bible refers to patriarchs, it usually is referring to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob who are considered the fathers of the Hebrew nation.
[Abraham]  [Bible]  [Methuselah]  [Tribes of Israel

Paul
A Jew who was converted to Christianity and who took the gospel to the Gentiles. Wrote many of the epistles.
A great apostle and leader among the first followers of Jesus. Paul was known first as Saul. His name was changed to Paul after Jesus appeared to him and he became a follower of Jesus.
Acts 7:54- 8:3
Acts 9:1-31
Paul had a special job of bringing the good news of Jesus to the Gentiles.
Acts 13- 28
Paul wrote many of the letters that make up the New Testament.
2 Corinthians 12:1-10
Galatians 1-2
Philippians 1:12-30
1 Thessalonians 1:1-2:16
1 Timothy 1:12-17
2 Peter 3:15-16
[Christianity]  [Epistle]  [Gentile(s)]  [Gospel]  [Jew(s)]  [Saul]  [Silas]  [Timothy (NT)

Pax Domini
Latin for "peace of the Lord." Prior to the distribution of the Lord's body and blood, the pastor blesses the people with the words, "The peace of the Lord be with you always."
[Communion

Penance
Voluntary self-punishment in order to atone for some wrongdoing
A means of repairing a sin committed, and obtaining pardon for it, consisting partly in the performance of expiatory rites, partly in voluntary submission to a punishment corresponding to the transgression. Penance is the fourth of seven sacraments in the Roman Catholic Church. --Schaff-Herzog Encyc.
[Pardon]  [sacrament]  [Transgression

Penitent
Feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds
One that repents of sin; one sorrowful on account of his transgressions
[Repent, Repentance]  [Sin, Sinner]  [Transgression

Pentateuch
(from Greek for "five books/scrolls"). The five books attributed to Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy; known in Jewish tradition as Torat Mosheh (the teaching of Moses), or simply the Torah.
The first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. Called by the Jews the Book of the Law or The Law. Narrates God's dealings with the world and especially with the family of Abraham, from creation to the death of Moses. Believed to have been written by Moses.
[Moses]  [Torah

Pentecost
"50th day." The explosive birthday of the Church, 50 days after Jesus returned to Heaven, when the Holy Spirit arrived in great power.
The sixth and last church season in the church calendar. It is celebrated in the church either in the latter part of May or the early part of June, depending on the date of Easter. The Jewish celebration of Pentecost occurs between the end of the barley harvest and the beginning of the wheat harvest. For Christians, it celebrates the day on which Jesus' disciples were filled with the Holy Spirit and began the work of the church. The church is known as the body of Christ. Pentecost is the longest church season; it lasts to the beginning of Advent, which begins four Sundays before Christmas. (See Seasons of the Church Year.)
See Ex. 23:14-17; Lev. 23:15 21; Acts 2:1 41.
[Ascension]  [Easter]  [Heaven]  [Holy Spirit]  [Jesus]  [Jewish feasts

Pentecostal
The Pentecostal movement within Protestant Christianity places special emphasis on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. Pentecostalism may be viewed as a subset of the Charismatic movement.
Denoting any of several fundamentalist Christian groups that put emphasis on God's gifts through the Holy Spirit, characterised by their literal interpretation of the Bible and informal worship with enthusiastic and spontaneous exclamations of praise and thanksgiving. They stress holiness of living, and express their religious feelings uninhibitedly,
[Charismatic]  [Gifts of the Holy Spirit]  [Holy Spirit]  [Pentecost]  [Protestant

Perichoresis
[Greek term : Peri - around ; Chorea - dance]
The mutual indwelling or co-inherence of the three Persons of the Trinity.
A term relating to the doctrine of the Trinity, often also referred to by the Latin term circumincessio. The basic notion is that all three persons of the Trinity mutually share in the life of the others, so that none is isolated or detached from the actions of the others.
[God]  [Holy Spirit]  [Jesus]  [Trinity

Pericope
A selection or extract from a book; especially (Theol.), a selection from the Bible, appointed to be read in the churches or used as a text for a sermon.
From the Greek, meaning to "cut around."

A pericope is a section of Holy Scripture that is read in a service. Since the eighth century, pericopes have been gathered together in lectionaries in which readings are appointed for each Sunday or festival.
[Church Year]  [Lectionary

Pesach
(Judaism) a Jewish festival (traditionally 8 days) celebrating the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt
[Hebrew pesa, from psa, to pass over]
Passover, also known as Pesach or Pesah, is an eight-day Jewish holiday (seven days in Israel) that commemorates the exodus and freedom of the Israelites from Egypt; it is also observed by some Christians to commemorate the deliverance from sin by the death of Jesus Christ.
[Exodus]  [Passover

Peter (Apostle)
Derived from Greek petros meaning "stone". In the New Testament Jesus gave the apostle Simon the name Cephas (meaning "stone" in Aramaic) which was translated Peter in many versions of the Bible (compare Matthew 16:18 and John 1:42). Simon Peter was the most prominent of the apostles during Jesus's ministry and he is considered by some to be the first pope.
One of Jesus' 12 disciples. He later became an apostle and leader in the church at Jerusalem.
Jesus changed Peter's name from Simon to Cephas (which in Greek is Peter). :
John 1:35-42
Matthew 14:22-33
Matthew 16:13-20
Peter once denied that he knew Jesus.
Luke 22:31-62
John 21
He later became a bold leader and was thrown in jail for his faith.
Acts 1-4
Acts 9:32-12:19
Galatians 2:7-9
[Apostles, Twelve]  [Cephas]  [Christian(s)]  [Jesus

Pews
One of the long, fixed, backed benches that are arranged in rows for the seating of a congregation in church, facing the altar in the front
[Church]  [Congregation

Pharisee
A religious leader of the Jews at the time of Jesus.
Means "the separate ones." In New Testament times, the Pharisees were the main religious leaders of the Jews.
The Pharisees believed in following the Old Testament laws very carefully. They also added many of their own rules. Jesus often had trouble with the Pharisees.
Matthew 23
Mark 7:1-23
Luke 18:9-14
Acts 26:4-5
[Sadducees

Philip
From the Greek name Philippos which means "friend of horses", composed of the elements philos "friend" and hippos "horse".
[Philip (Apostle)

Philip (Apostle)
One of the 12 apostles. Mark 3:18; John 1:43-48; 6:5-7.
One of the twelve apostles; a native of Bethsaida, "the city of Andrew and Peter" (John 1:44). He readily responded to the call of Jesus when first addressed to him (John 1:43), and forthwith brought Nathanael also to Jesus (John 1:45,46).

He seems to have held a prominent place among the apostles (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; John 6:5-7; 12:21, 22; 14:8, 9; Acts 1:13). Of his later life nothing is certainly known. He is said to have preached in Phrygia, and to have met his death at Hierapolis.
[Apostles, Twelve

Philistines
In the Old Testament, enemies of the Israelites in their settlement in the Promised Land.
A people that inhabited the southern coast of Canaan around the time of the arrival of the Israelites.

Their control of iron supplies and their tight political organisation of cities made them a rival of the people of Israel for centuries.
[Delilah]  [Promised Land]  [Samson

Philosophy
Literally, "love of wisdom." Reflection upon some of the major issues of life, including what is real, how truth is known, and what we are to do.
Is the critical study of the most fundamental questions that humankind has been able to ask. Philosophers ask questions such as

1. Metaphysics: What sorts of things exist? What is the nature of those things?
Do some things exist independently of our perception? What is the nature of
space and time? What is the nature of thought and thinking? What is it to be a
person? What is it to be conscious? Is there a god?
2. Epistemology: Is knowledge possible? How do we come to know what we
know? How can we know that there are other minds?
3. Ethics: Is there a difference between morally right and wrong actions (or values,
or institutions)? If so, what is that difference? Which actions are right, and
which wrong? Are values absolute, or relative? In general or particular terms,
how should I live?

Philosophy is paradigmatically concerned with fundamental concepts such as existence or being, morality or goodness, knowledge, truth, and beauty; philosophers have often been particularly concerned with asking critical questions about the natures of these concepts - questions which don't seem to be amenable to treatment by the special sciences.
[Agnostic]  [Axiom]  [Fatalism]  [Nihilism]  [Pantheism]  [Rationalism]  [Scepticism

Phylactery
(Judaism) One of two small black leather boxes (known collectively as tefillin) containing religious texts; traditionally worn (on the forehead and the left arm) by Jewish men during morning prayer, except on the Sabbath and holidays.
[a Greek word meaning guard (Ic. against misfortune)]
A small square box, made either of parchment or of black calfskin, containing slips of parchment or vellum on which are written the scriptural passages Exodus xiii. 2-10, and 11-17, Deut. vi. 4-9, 13-22.
[Tefillin

Piety
A general term for religious devotion.
Piety is from the Latin [pietas] meaning dutyfulness. In Theological terms it means dutifulness to God, as in being devout in having reverential commitment to the Lord, which is expressed in the Christian life. The virtue of acting in devotion, duty, and worship to God, is called Piety.
[God]  [Virtue]  [Worship

Plagues of Egypt
The OT book of Exodus tells how God imposed ten plagues on the Egyptians to persuade pharaoh to release his chosen people from captivity. They were:
1 - waters of Nile turned to blood
2 - Frogs covered the land
3 - dust turned into swarms of gnats
4 - swarms of flies infest the land
5 - cattle struck dead
6 - people covered with boils
7 - lighting/hail destroy crops kill animals
8 - land infested locusts
9 - darkness covers land for 3 days
10 - first-born throughout the land smitten
Tenth and final plague basis of Passover
[First Born]  [Passover

Pleading the Blood
It is sometimes used to describe a prayer appeal for God's protection, symbolically covering us with Christ's blood.
While not something that can be found in the Bible, this expression is used to express the idea of a legal plea of "not guilty by virtue of the Blood of Jesus".

The thought behind this expression is that when Satan accuses a believer before God, that believer can then plead their case before God based on their being washed clean of their sins by the death of Christ.
[Blood of Jesus/Christ]  [Forgive/Forgiveness]  [Sin, Sinner

Pneumatology
Branch of theology dealing with the doctrine of the Holy Spirit.
Pneumatology is from the Greek [numa] meaning breath (and by extension Spirit), and [logos] meaning word or discourse. In Theological terms, it is the discourse or study of the Holy Spirit of God. It encompasses the study of His person, work, gifts, and ministry. The Spirit of God being manifested in many ways including teaching (John. 14:26), restraining sin (Genesis 6:3, 20:6), Revelation (matthew 11:27), and interceding (Romans 8:26), Pneumatology is the study of these things.
[Holy Spirit

Pogrom
From the Russian word for "devastation"; organised persecution of an ethnic group
The Russian word pogrom denotes a massive violent attack on people with simultaneous destroying of their environment (homes, businesses, religious centers).

Historically the term has been used to denote massive acts of violence, either spontaneous or premeditated, against Jews and other ethnic minorities living in Europe.
[Anti-Semitism]  [Jew(s)]  [Religion

Polemics
French polémique, from Greek polemikos, hostile, from polemos, war.]
A controversial argument, especially one refuting or attacking a specific opinion or doctrine.
The art or practice of disputation or controversy, especially on religious subjects; that branch of theological science which pertains to the history or conduct of ecclesiastical controversy.
[Doctrine]  [Heresy]  [Theological Argument

Polytheism
Belief in many Gods.
[Monotheism

Pontius Pilate
Roman prefect of Judea who ordered the crucifixion of Jesus.
The Roman governor of Judea who presided at the trial of Jesus Christ and authorised his crucifixion;
His attempt to evade responsibility in the trial of Jesus was caused by his fear of the high priests' power and his difficult responsibility for the peace of Palestine.
[Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Easter]  [Herod Antipas]  [Jesus

Pope
[Middle English, from Old English ppa, from Late Latin, from Latin, father (title of bishops), from Greek papps. See papa in Indo-European Roots.]
The bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church on earth, lives in Vatican City.
[Catholic Roman]  [Vatican]  [Vatican City

Praise
Means "to celebrate" and usually refers to vocal prayer, with songs and some sort of physical expression (clapping, raising hands, kneeling, dancing, etc.).
A form of worship wherein we thank God for all He has done as opposed to emphasis on who He is.
[Doxology]  [Pray(er)]  [Psalm]  [Worship

Praise the Lord
See Hallelujah
[Hallelujah

Pray(er)
Comes from a word that means "to request", though most use it to mean focused communication with God.
Communion with God through words of praise, thanksgiving, repentance, supplication, and intercession. Prayer is "raising up the heart and mind to God" (St. John of Damascus). Usually prayer is verbal. However, prayer of the heart or in the Spirit, the highest form of prayer, is without words. See Matt. 6:5-13; 21:22; Rom. 8:26; Phil. 4:6; 1 Thess. 5:17.
[Litany]  [Lord's Prayer]  [Means of Grace]  [Throne of Grace

Preach
(from Latin, to proclaim) To give religious or moral instruction, especially in a tedious manner.
To proclaim or publish tidings; specifically, to proclaim the gospel; to discourse publicly on a religious subject, or from a text of Scripture; to deliver a sermon.

How shall they preach, except they be sent? --Rom. 10v15.

From that time Jesus began to preach. --Matt. 4v17.
[Gospel]  [Preacher]  [Scripture(s)]  [Sermon

Preacher
A person who delivers a sermon.
One who preaches, especially one who publicly proclaims the gospel for an occupation.

How shall they hear without a preacher? --Rom. 10v14.
[Gospel]  [Preach]  [Sermon

Predestination
The doctrine (usually associated with Calvin) that God decided at the beginning of time who would go to Heaven after death and who would not
The Greek word rendered "predestinate" is found only in these six
passages, Acts 4:28; Rom. 8:29, 30; 1 Cor. 2:7; Eph. 1:5, 11; and in all of
them it has the same meaning. They teach that the eternal, sovereign,
immutable, and unconditional decree or "determinate purpose" of God governs all
events.
[Calvin]  [Calvinism]  [Determinism]  [Elect, Election]  [Fatalism

Presbyterianism
The doctrines and practices of the Presbyterian Church: based in Calvinism
[Congregationalism]  [Elder

Pride
A Christian believes that pride is the worst sin, but defines "pride" as excessive self-focus or inappropriate self-promotion. Pride in the Christian sense is not pleasure at one's success (unless it makes you consider yourself more special than others.) Being proud is saying "my will be done" instead of "Thy will be done."
[Humility

Priest
A clergy person who may celebrate the Eucharist, give blessings and forgive sins.
A person who brought sacrifices and prayers to God for all the people. In Israel, a priest had to be from the tribe of Levi.
Exodus 28-29
Leviticus I
2 Chronicles 29
The high priest had special jobs to do. He was the most important religious leader.
Leviticus 16:29-34
Leviticus 21:10- 12
The New Testament tells us that Jesus is the high priest for his followers. He offered himself as a sacrifice.
Hebrews 4:14-5:10
Hebrews 10:19-25
Now, all the followers of Jesus are priests. They can freely bring their sacrifice of praise to God.
1 Peter 2:9-10
[Cassock]  [Eucharist]  [Holy Water]  [Sacrifice

Promised Land
Canaan, the Promised Land, was a rich, fertile country
[Canaan]  [Manna]  [Moses]  [Passover

Prophecy
A divine message communicated by a prophet.

Prediction of the future under divine guidance.
Saying what God wants said. Forth-telling the word of the Lord. Prophecy speaks to the past concerning sin, and to the future based on whether we repent or not now. True prophecy is convicting, and easy to despise in the flesh. [2Sm 12:7, 1Pt 1:21, 1Th 5:20-21, 1Cr 14:1.
[Conviction]  [Flesh]  [Prophet]  [Sin, Sinner

Prophet
A person who speaks for God & makes known his will, a divinely inspired seer who has been given an insight into the otherwise unrevealed world of the future. A servant of God who conveys His word to man, disclosing future judgements with appropriate warnings and rebukes regarding mankind's spiritual condition.
A person God has chosen to bring his message to the people.
Deuteronomy 18:14- 21
2 Peter 1:19-21
God often called the prophets "my servants."
2 Kings 17:13
Sometimes God gave the prophets a message about what would happen in the future.
Isaiah 2:1-5
Zephaniah 1:1-3
Acts 11:27-28
1 Peter 1:10-12
False prophets gave the people a message that wasn't really from God.
Jeremiah 29:8-9
True prophets always said that God was faithful to his promises. They told the people to be faithful. Jeremiah 3:11-20
Jesus came to earth as a great prophet.
Mark 13
John 6:14
[Isaiah]  [Prophecy]  [Zechariah(NT)

Prophets, Major
These are (in order of occurrence in the Bible):
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Lamentations
Ezekiel
Daniel
The term "major" refers to their length.
[Bible, Books of]  [Prophet]  [Prophets, Minor

Prophets, Minor
These are (in order of occurrence in the Bible):
Hosea Joel Amos
Obadiah Jonah Micah
Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah
Haggai Zechariah Malachi
The term "minor" is in reference to the books lengths as opposed to their importance.
[Bible, Books of]  [Prophet]  [Prophets, Major

Propitiate
[L. propitiatus, p. p. of propitiare to propitiate, fr. propitius favourable.]
To appease to render favourable; to make propitious; to conciliate.
[Propitiation

Propitiation
To turn away wrath or punishment. Jesus turned away the wrath of God.
Romans 3:25
That which appeases the wrath of God. Christ offered Himself on the Cross as a propitiation for our sins, to liberate humanity from sin and death. Christ is the propitiation that appeases the wrath of God on sinful men who have faith in Christ.
See Rom. 3:21-26; Heb. 2:17; 1 John 2:2; 4:10.
[Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Faith]  [Propitiate]  [Sin, Sinner]  [Wrath

Proselyte
[Gr. to come, one who comes toward.]
A proselyte is a convert to the Faith, usually from another religion.
(see Acts 2:10; 13:43).
A new convert to some religion or religious sect, or to some particular opinion, system or party. Thus a Gentile converted to Judaism is a proselyte; a pagan converted to christianity is a proselyte.
[Faith]  [Neophyte]  [Religion

Protestant
A form of Christianity after the Reformation. Protestant is used to describe the churches which do not belong to the Roman Catholic or Orthodox churches.
A sect of Christians who do not accept the Pope as the head of the Church; have a few different beliefs than Catholics. Originally started by people who protested against the wrongdoing of the Catholic Church.
[Catholic Roman]  [Denomination]  [Evangelical]  [Reformation

Psalm
The worship song book of the Hebrew scriptures. One of the longest books in the Old Testament of the Bible. A compilation of poetry and prayer, many of which are believed to have been set to music by the ancients.
Means "song." In the Bible, God's people used psalms to:
1) praise God (Psalm 47);
2) to cry out to God for help during trouble (Psalm 13); and
3) thank God (Psalm 118)
The people often sang the psalms when they were together to worship God.
Colossians 3:16
[Bible]  [Old Testament]  [Praise]  [Selah]  [Worship

Psychology
The practice of studying, teaching or applying an understanding of the mind, thought and behaviour.
[Anthropology

Pulpit
The place at which preaching is given in a Christian church.
The podium from which a minister preaches. The term was used in the King James Version, where a pulpit was something stood on for elevation when speaking to a crowd. "And Ezra the scribe stood upon a pulpit of wood..." (Nehemiah 8:4 KJV).
[Minister]  [Preach]  [Sermon

Purgatory
The place between earth and Heaven, "Heaven's waiting room."
The doctrine of purgatory, according to which the souls of the departed suffer for a time until they are purged of their sins, is of ancient standing, and in certain phases of Jewish belief GEHENNA seems to have been regarded partly as a place of purgatory.

The early church fathers developed the concept of purgatory and support for the doctrine was adduced from 2 Maccabees 39-45; Matt 12:32, 1 Cor 3:11-13. The first decree on the subject was promulgated by the council of Florence in 1439. It was rejected by the Church of England in 1562 by Article XXII of the Article of Religion.
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Purim
See "Feast of Lots"
[Feast of Lots, Purim