Priesthill (Zion) Methodist

“centred in Christ, caring for people”

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The flowers are springing up,
the season of singing birds
has come;
Song of Solomon 2v12

How to use this glossary: Each word has two definitions.
The first is a very simple word equivalent, just a phrase or a few words. The second is a more detailed explanation with examples.

Glossary Terms - N

Nativity
[Middle English nativite, from Old French, from Latin ntvits, from ntvus, born. ]
The coming into life or into the world; birth; also, the circumstances attending birth, as time, place, manner, etc.
The theological doctrine that Jesus Christ had no human father; Christians believe that Jesus's birth fulfilled Old Testament prophecies and was attended by miracles; the Nativity is celebrated at Christmas
[Christian(s)]  [Christmas]  [Doctrine]  [Jesus]  [Prophecy

Natural Selection
The biological concept that individuals with greater skills in adapting to their environment (survival skills) thrive.
The process in nature by which, according to Darwin's theory of evolution, only the organisms best adapted to their environment tend to survive and transmit their genetic characteristics in increasing numbers to succeeding generations while those less adapted tend to be eliminated.
[Creationism]  [Darwinism]  [Watchmaker Argument

Natural Theology
A theology holding that knowledge of God may be acquired by human reason alone without the aid of revealed knowledge.
[Theology

Nazarene
A native or inhabitant of Nazareth; -- a term of contempt applied to Christ and the early Christians.
Jesus was sometimes referred to as a Nazarene, alluding to his home town, Nazareth. Nazarene is a title by which the followers of Jesus were referred to in the early years after his death. This usage occurs several times in the New Testament. Nazarene is also used of Christians in the Qur'an.

In Acts Paul is tried in Caesarea and Tertullus is reported as saying:
"We have, in fact, found this man a pestilent fellow, an agitator among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes" (Acts 24:5, New Revised Standard Version).
[Koran, Quran]  [Nazareth

Nazareth
(Hebrew, "watchtower") A town of lower Galilee, where Jesus was brought up.
Town in northern Israel, in the Roman province of Galilee. It was the home of Jesus during his early years.
[Jesus]  [Nazarene

Nazarite
(Hebrew, nazar, to separate. Numb. vi. 1-21.)
One separated or set apart to the Lord by a vow. These Nazarites were to refrain from strong drinks, and to suffer their hair to grow.
A Jew bound by a vow to lave the hair uncut, to abstain from wine and strong drink, and to practice extraordinary purity of life and devotion, the obligation being for life, or for a certain time.

The rules of conduct for the Nazirite are given in Numbers 6.1-21. The name is derived from a Hebrew word meaning one set apart or separated from others.
[Samson

Nebuchadnezzar
The King of Babylon from 605-562 BC. Nebuchadnezzar set up many building projects and, under his rule, Babylon became one of the world's most magnificent cities. He also captured and destroyed Jerusalem.
[Babylon]  [Daniel]  [Jerusalem

Neophyte
A new convert.
[From Middle English, from Late Latin neophytus, from Greek neophytos (newly
planted), from phyein (to plant).]
The term comes from the Greek word meaning new plant, as in a new sprout on a limb/branch.
[Convert(ed)]  [Proselyte

New Covenant
The prophet Jeremiah predicted a time when God would make a "New Covenant" with Israel, unlike the first Covenant made at Sinai.
Replaces or supersedes the Old Covenant, which had been broken on many occasions by the Jewish people.

The Old Covenant emphasised observance of the Law and ritualistic worship of God.

The New Covenant emphasises the new life we find through God in Jesus Christ.
It is love between God and people, and between people and people. The New Covenant causes the Law to be fulfilled because it is written on the hearts of people, and lived out by their actions rather than by a mere outward ritual observance. The New Covenant is sealed by Jesus' death on the cross. All those who partake of the Eucharist or Lord's Supper, and believe in God in Jesus Christ, become a part of this New Covenant. They meet Jesus at the Lord's Table.
[Covenant]  [Jeremiah

New Testament
The collection of Christian canonical writings that together with "the Old Testament" constitute the Christian Bible.
The New Testament is the collection of Christian holy scriptures. The books included in the New Testament are:
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts of the Apostles
Romans
I Corinthians
II Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
I Thessalonians
II Thessalonians
I Timothy
II Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
I Peter
II Peter
I John
II John
III John
Jude
Revelation
This collection is called the "New" Testament to distinguish it from the "Old" Testament, a collection of Jewish scriptures. It is also called the "New Covenant" of faith, which is contrasted with the "Old" covenant of works, which is believed by Christians to have been superseded by Jesus' death and resurrection.
[Bible]  [Epistle]  [Gospel]  [New Covenant]  [NT

Nicene Creed
A formal creed summarising Christian beliefs; first adopted in 325 and later expanded
A statement, like the Apostle's Creed, that we read together on Communion Sundays to declare what we believe. The Nicene Creed was written in 325 A.D. when Christians wanted to make it clear they believed that Jesus was the Son of God. Beginning "I believe in one God," and used in liturgical worship
[Apostles' Creed]  [Athanasian Creed]  [Creed]  [liturgical]  [Worship

Nicodemus
In the Gospel of St. John, member of the Sanhedrin sympathetic to Jesus. He helped Joseph of Arimathea to bury him
Nicodemus was a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin, who showed favour to Jesus Christ. He appears three times in the Gospel of John: the first is when he visits Jesus one night to listen to his teachings (3:1-21); the second is when he states the law concerning the arrest of Jesus during the Feast of Tabernacles (7:45-51); and the last follows the Crucifixion, when he assists Joseph of Arimathea in preparing the corpse of Jesus for burial (20:39-42).
[Aloes]  [Born Again]  [Easter

Nihilism
The belief that existence is senseless
(from the Latin nihil, meaning "not anything")
The view that there is no meaning, purpose, significance, or value in the universe.
[Atheist]  [Creationism]  [Fatalism]  [Pantheism

Nineveh
The ancient capital of the Assyrian Empire on the Tigris River, opposite the site of present-day Mosul, Iraq.
[Jonah

Nirvana
(Sanskrit -- Pali: Nibbana -- "beyond all that can be described or defined")
Buddhism. The ineffable ultimate in which one has attained disinterested wisdom and compassion.
Hinduism. Emancipation from ignorance and the extinction of all attachment.
[Buddhism]  [Hinduism

Noah
(Name means "Rest"; ) Son of Lamech, Father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, who was restored to the earth after the flood and entered into the first covenant
A righteous man who believed God. He obeyed when God told him to build a huge boat (the ark) because a flood was coming.
Genesis 6-9
Isaiah 54:9-10
Matthew 24:36-44
Hebrews 11:7
[Antediluvian]  [Ark, Noah's]  [Flood, Biblical]  [Mount Ararat]  [Revelation, Progressive

Nonconformist
Not conforming to established customs or doctrines especially in religion contained in the Book of Common Prayer.
[Book of Common Prayer]  [Church

NT
New Testament
[New Testament

Nunc Dimittis
The canticle of Simeon is so called, from the first two words in the Latin version (Luke 2:29- 32).
Latin for "now dismiss."
These are the words spoken by Simeon as he held the 40-dayold Jesus in his arms (Luke 2:25-35), beginning "Nunc dimittis servum tuum" ("Now lettest thou thy servant depart").
[Canticle]  [Simeon (NT)