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The flowers are springing up,
the season of singing birds
has come;
Song of Solomon 2v12

How to use this glossary: Each word has two definitions.
The first is a very simple word equivalent, just a phrase or a few words. The second is a more detailed explanation with examples.

Glossary Terms - M

Wise men from the East, traditionally held to be three, who travelled to Bethlehem to pay homage to the infant Jesus. Matthew 2:1-12
(Latin: from plural of magnus "wise men") Specifically the wise men from the East who brought gifts to the infant Jesus.
Because there was three gifts, tradition states there was 3 Wise Men. Tradition calls them Melchoir, Gaspar and Balthazar.
The gifts offered:
Gold - as the emblem of royalty
Frankincense - in token of divinity
Myrrh - in prophetic allusion to the persecution unto death that awaited him
[Christmas]  [Epiphany]  [Frankincense]  [Myrrh

A word of Aramaic origin, means "riches", but has an unclear etymology; scholars have suggested connections with a word meaning "entrusted", or with the Hebrew word "matmon", meaning "treasure". Also by personification, the god of riches

Riches, avarice, and worldly gain personified as a false god in the New Testament
The Greek word for "Mammon", mamonas, occurs in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 6v24) and in the parable of the Unjust Steward (Luke xvi 9-13). The Authorised Version keeps the Syriac word. Wycliffe uses "richessis".
Ye can not serve God and Mammon. --Matt. 6v24.
[Sermon on the Mount

A trough, fused in a stall or stable for feeding animals. The Bible records that Jesus' first bed after His birth in a Bethlehem stable was a manger.
(Luke 2:7, 12, 16), the name (Gr. phatne, rendered "stall" in Luke 13:15) given
to the place where the infant Redeemer was laid. It seems to have been a stall
or crib for feeding cattle.
[Bethlehem]  [Christmas

(Hebrew, 'What is that?') Food supplied by God - who called it 'Bread from Heaven' (Exodus 16:4) - to the Israelites while they wandered in the wilderness after leaving Egypt. It appeared on the ground in the morning, after the dew had lifted and is described as fine and flake-like (Exodus 16:13), white and tasting like wafers made from honey (Exodus 16:31).
Means "What is it?" Manna was the name the Israelites gave the special food God provided to them in the desert. It was a white, bread-like, sweet-tasting food that would show up on the ground in the morning.
Exodus 16
Numbers 11:4-35
Deuteronomy 8:2-3
Psalm 78:23-25
Jesus says he is like manna. He is the bread of life that can truly fulfil God's people.
John 6:30-35, 57-58
[Ark of the Covenant/Testimony]  [Exodus]  [Moses

A hand-written record, from before the invention of printing, which can often be identified with a certain period of history by the material on which it is written.
[Autograph]  [Bible

O Lord, come: used as an invocation in I Cor. 16:22.
Consists of two Aramean words, Maran'athah, meaning, "our Lord
comes," or is "coming."
An Aramaic phrase used in the Greek New Testament in 1Cor 16:22 that for some strange reason was not translated in the King James Version, and has thus been somewhat adopted into English. It means "Come, O Lord!" and refers to Jesus.
[King James]  [New Testament

Mark of the Beast (MOTB)
The mark, (666), received on the right hand or the forehead, without which no one will be able to buy or sell under the reign of the Beast or Antichrist, during the Great Tribulation, (Rev.13. 16-18;).
[Antichrist]  [Eschatology]  [Tribulation, Great

State of being husband and wife
The socially recognised union of two or more people. Marriage establishes social relationships that are the foundation for families and households.
[Echad]  [Holy Matrimony

Means "mistress of the house" or "lady" in Aramaic.
In the New Testament, the sister of Lazarus and Mary of Bethany and a friend of Jesus. Luke 10:38-42; John 11:1-44.
[Lazarus]  [Mary of Bethany (sister of Lazarus)

Martin Luther
(November 10, 1483 - February 18, 1546) was a Catholic priest and Augustinian monk who questioned certain policies and points of theology of the Roman Catholic Church of his time, started the Protestant Church..
A devout Roman Catholic monk who, on October 31, 1517, nailed the "95 Theses" on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, outlining what he believed to be the shortcomings of the Church, especially with regard to the selling of indulgences - a system of buying forgiveness of sins with money.
This action not only caused Luther's eventual expulsion from the Church, but also triggered the Reformation, which resulted in a split between those who remained faithful to the Roman Catholic Church and those who protested its abuses and sought to reform it. Those who agreed with Luther's view formed their own church - not Luther's original intention - which took its name from his - Lutheran.
[95 Theses, The]  [Calvin]  [Catholic Roman]  [Indulgence]  [Protestant]  [Reformation

One who bears witness to the truth and suffers death because of it
(Greek, "witness"). A general term for persons who endure persecution, usually leading to death, for the sake of their religious "witness" (profession, position).
[Stephen]  [Witness

The act of choosing to suffer or die rather than give up ones faith or principles

Usual English form of Maria, which was the Latin form of the New Testament Greek names Mariam or Maria (the spellings are interchangeable), which were from the Hebrew name Miriam. The meaning is not known for certain, but there are several theories including "sea of bitterness", "rebelliousness", and "wished for child". However it was most likely originally an Egyptian name, perhaps derived in part from mry "beloved" or mr "love". This is the name of several New Testament characters.
[Mary Magdalene]  [Mary mother of Jesus]  [Mary of Bethany (sister of Lazarus)

Mary Magdalene
In the New Testament, a woman whom Jesus cured of evil spirits. She is also identified with the repentant prostitute who washed the feet of Jesus.
Mary Magdalene was cured of seven devils by Christ and became his follower (Luke 8: 2). She was present at the Crucifixion, and was the first person to whom the resurrected Christ revealed himself (with the words "Touch me not", in Latin "Noli me Tangere").

She is characterised as the penitent whore and as a paragon of contemplation. Her attribute is the pot of ointment with which she anointed Christ's feet, as is told in the Gospels. She is usually shown wearing red.
[Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Demon]  [Exorcism]  [Resurrection]  [Tomb of Christ

Mary mother of Jesus
Few details of the life of this influential woman are known; even the New Testament says little about the woman who bore God.

According to Saint Luke's Gospel (1: 26-7) she was a virgin, living in Nazareth, who was betrothed to Joseph at the time of the Annunciation.

Chosen by God to be the mother of Jesus. In the Gospel of Luke, the angel Gabriel explains to Mary: "Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favour with God. You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus."

She was with child when the pair went to Bethlehem to register in the census. After the birth of her son, the family travelled to Egypt and resettled in Galilee.

She was frequently with the disciples of Jesus and stood by him at the crucifixion. She was also present at the Ascension and Pentecost.
[Annunciation]  [Gabriel]  [Immaculate conception]  [Jesus]  [Virgin Birth

Mary of Bethany (sister of Lazarus)
The sister of Martha and Lazarus (Luke 10:38-39; John 11:1). She appears once in Luke, sitting at Jesus' feet and listening as a disciple to his teaching (10:38-42). Martha objects that Mary has left her to serve alone, but Jesus commends Mary's choice as that 'which shall not be taken away from her' (10:42).

In John's version Mary anoints Jesus' feet with costly ointment and wipes them with her hair while Martha serves (12:1-3). Jesus defends her against Judas Iscariot's objection that the ointment could have been sold and the money given to the poor (12:4-8).

John also mentions her as present with Martha at the death and raising of Lazarus (11:19, 20, 28-32). Others follow her when she goes out to Jesus (11:31), and her grief moves him deeply (11:33).
[Judas Iscariot]  [Lazarus]  [Martha]  [Spikenard

Masoretic text
The basic Hebrew text of the Old Testament, used for centuries in schools and synagogues. It was produced by the Masoretes, a school of rabbis in Palestine and Babylonia in the eighth and ninth centuries AD who were the preservers of the Old Testament writings.
[Bible]  [LXX (Septuagint)]  [Rabbi

The sacrament of marriage, especially in Christian churches.
[Holy Matrimony

English form of Matthaios, which was a Greek form of the Hebrew name Mattithyahu which meant "gift of YAHWEH".
[Matthew (Apostle)]  [Matthew (Book of)

Matthew (Apostle)
Also called Levi, was one of the twelve apostles (a tax collector). traditionally considered to be the author of the first Gospel.
He was the son of Alphaeus, and was a publican or tax-gatherer at Capernaum. On one occasion Jesus, coming up from the side of the lake, passed the custom-house where Matthew was seated, and said to him, "Follow me." Matthew arose and followed him, and became his disciple (Matt. 9:9).
[Apostles, Twelve]  [Disciple]  [Gospel

Matthew (Book of)
The Gospel of Matthew is one of the four Gospels of the New Testament.

The authorship of this book is traditionally ascribed to St. Matthew, a tax-collector who became an apostle of Jesus Christ. However, most modern scholars are content to let it remain anonymous.
The Gospel of Matthew is one of the four Gospels of the New Testament. The gospels are traditionally printed with Matthew first, followed in order by Mark, Luke and John.

The book is divided into four parts:
- Containing the genealogy, the birth, and the infancy of Jesus (1; 2).
- The discourses and actions of John the Baptist preparatory to Christ's public ministry (3; 4:11).
- The discourses and actions of Christ in Galilee (4:12-20:16).
- The sufferings, death and resurrection of Jesus (20:17-28).
[Gospel]  [Matthew (Apostle)]  [New Testament

Maundy Thursday
The Thursday before easter, observed as a commemoration of the Last Supper.
On Maundy Thursday we remember Jesus' Last Supper with His disciples. It was then that He gave us the sacrament of Communion, Jesus also washed the feet of his disciples. The word is from an Old English word referring to the washing of feet. Many Christian churches recreate this practice in a Maundy Thursday service during Holy Week.
[Communion]  [Easter]  [Last/Lord's Supper

Means of Grace
The various ways in which God communicates His grace to His people. These include preaching, prayer, the sacraments, fellowship.
An expression not used in Scripture, but employed to denote those institutions ordained by God to be the ordinary channels of grace to the souls of men. These are the Word, Sacraments, and Prayer.
[Fellowship]  [Pray(er)]  [Preach]  [sacrament

The birthplace of Mohammed in Saudi Arabia.
The holy place of Islam into which non-Muslims are forbidden to enter. Located in Western Saudi Arabia, Mecca is the birthplace of Muhammad and the focal point of Muslim prayers, toward which every Muslim faces and prays five times each day. At the city's centre is the Great Mosque, the Haram, which encloses the Kaaba, the most sacred Islamic sanctuary and the goal of Muslim pilgrimage, called the hajj.
[Islam]  [Mohammed/Muhammad]  [Muslim/Moslem

Someone who works out disagreements between people or organisations.
1 Timothy 2:5
A person who helps bring peace between two or more people who are having a conflict. Jesus is the mediator between God and people.
1 Timothy 2:5-6
Hebrews 9:15
Hebrews 12:22- 24

[L. mucus; Eng. mucilage; Heb. to melt.]
Mild of temper; soft; gentle; not easily provoked or irritated; yielding; given to forbearance under injuries.

Now the man Moses was very meek, above all men. Num.12.
Appropriately,humble, in an evangelical sense; submissive to the divine will; not proud, self-sufficient or refractory; not peevish and apt to complain of divine dispensations. Christ says, "Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in heart, and ye shall find rest to your souls." Matt.11.

Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. Matt.5.
[Beatitudes]  [Sermon on the Mount

Not weakness or gentleness, but controlled power. Refraining from self-assertiveness.
In an evangelical sense, humility; resignation; submission to the divine will, without murmuring or peevishness; opposed to pride, arrogance and refractoriness. Gal.5.

I beseech you by the meekness of Christ. 1 Cor.10.

Meekness is a grace which Jesus alone inculcated, and which no ancient philosopher seems to have understood or recommended.
[Beatitudes]  [Meek

[Heb.,=king of righteousness]
the high priest and king of Salem who blessed Abraham.
In the Bible, king of Salem and "priest of the most high God." He blessed Abraham after the defeat of Chedorlaomer, and Abraham gave him tithes from the enemy's spoils.

Abraham recognises the role of Melchizedek as a priest (Gen. 14:17-24). Psalm 110:4 predicts One to come who would be forever a priest in the "order of Melchizedek." This messianic psalm teaches that the ruler or leader of the Hebrew nation would be able to reflect in his person the role of priest as well as the role of king.

The writer of Hebrews made several references to Jesus' priesthood being of the "order of Melchizedek" (chapters 5-7) as opposed to Levitical in nature. The prediction from Psalm 110 is also cited in Hebrews. For the Hebrews author, only Jesus, whose life could not be destroyed by death, fit the prophecy.
[Abraham]  [Levite]  [Priest

Is a candelabrum with seven candles that is displayed in Jewish synagogues. The original design for the menorah is in the Torah, and it was used in rituals in the tabernacle (portable sanctuary) and later the Holy Temple in Jerusalem
A candelabrum with seven branches used in ceremonies to symbolise the seven days of creation

However, during the celebration of Hanukkah a candelabrum with nine branches is used. This nine branched menorah is properly called a Chanukiah

The Chanukkah menorah includes eight candles, one for each day the Oil burned, plus the "shammes" (in Yiddish) or "shamash" (in Hebrew), a "servant candle" that is used to light the others
[Chanukah]  [Festival of Lights, Hanukka(h)]  [Jerusalem]  [Jewish feasts]  [Temple]  [Torah

Not receiving what we deserve. We don't receive punishment for our sins because of Jesus.

Mercy Seat
The golden covering of the Ark of the Covenant, regarded as the resting place of God. The throne of God.

(Hebrew, the 'Anointed', same as Greek Christos) The word denotes the Deliverer and Saviour, in whom all the promises of God are fulfilled, foretold by prophecy.

Literally "the anointed one", the leader (Jesus Christ) appointed by God to carry out the special mission of redemption.
A Hebrew word meaning "anointed" or "chosen one." The Greek word used in, the New Testament for "anointed" is Christ.
In the Old Testament, God promised to send a special person called the Messiah. This new king would save God's people.
Psalm 2
Isaiah 9:6-7
Isaiah 11:1-9
Daniel 7:13-14
The New Testament shows us that Jesus is the Messiah. He is God's chosen one to save his people. Matthew 11:1-6
John 1:40-42
Acts 10:34-43
[Anointed]  [Christ]  [OT]  [Prophecy

A branch of the protestant church founded by John Wesley.
[Denomination]  [Moravians]  [Protestant]  [Wesley, John

According to the Bible, Methuselah was the oldest person who ever lived. He reportedly reached the age of 969 years. According to Genesis 5:27:
[Noah]  [Patriarch

The name is a shortened form of Micaiah, meaning who is like Jehovah?
A Hebrew prophet of the eighth century B.C. The book of the Old Testament that bears his name.
A prophet who lived in the late 700s BC and whose name means "who is like the Lord". There is a book in the Old Testament which bears his name.

Through him God spoke about people being more concerned with ceremonies than with true godliness; about oppression of the poor; about true and false prophets and about the Messiah coming from Bethlehem.
[Bethlehem]  [Messiah]  [OT]  [Prophecy

The guardian archangel of the Jews in the Hebrew Scriptures
Who is like God?
The title given to one of the chief angels (Dan. 10:13, 21; 12:1). He had special charge of Israel as a nation. He disputed with Satan (Jude 1:9) about the body of Moses. He is also represented as warning against "that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world" (Rev. 12:7-9).

In Revelations 20:1-7, it is foretold that those faithful to Jesus will reign with Jesus over the earth for a thousand years; the meaning of these words have been much debated;
A 1,000 year time period referred to in Revelation 20. There are four schools of thought regarding the millennium.
1) Amillenialism The belief that the millennium is not to be taken literally as a 1,000 year period, but rather as a figurative long period of time during which Christ rules, that began with, and continues throughout the church age, after which Christ will return. This view became prominent as a part of Augustinian teachings and was the prominent view throughout the medieval ages.
2) Dispensational Premillennialism The belief that Christ will return to take the church out of the world (rapture) just prior to the "great tribulation," during which God will once again deal with Israel as a nation, after which Christ will return to judge the world and establish a 1,000 year reign on earth. This view surfaced in the mid 1800s and has been the prominent view among evangelicals since.
3) Historic Premillennialism The belief that Christ will return at the end of the "great tribulation" to establish a 1,000 year reign on earth. This view claims to be the historic view held by the church in the first century.
4) Postmillennialism The belief that the millennium will be ushered in after the world has been "Christianised" by the Holy Spirit through the church, followed by the return of Christ. This view became prominent at the time of the Reformation in the 16th century.
[Revelation, book of]  [Second Coming

A Pastor; One who serves
In 2 Corinthians 3:6, we read, "Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament" (KJV).
Contrast this with the NCV: "He made us able to be servants of a new agreement."
So what we really mean by ministry is just service.
[Clergy]  [Pastor

An event that cannot be explained by normal or scientific means. God's miracles are wonderful signs Of his power to make things right.
A sign whereby God supersedes the normal laws of nature in a mysterious way in order to manifest His power as Master of the universe.
Jesus Christ performed many miracles - some showing His mastery over nature, others demonstrating His power over sin, disease, and death. The apostles continued to manifest the power of God through miracles.
Psalm 77:11-15
Matt. 8:1-34;
Luke 7:11-17
John 10:22-42
Acts 2:22
Acts 3:1-9
Hebrews 2:1-4
[Apostles, Twelve]  [Jesus]  [Leprosy

Missiology, or mission science, is the area of practical theology that deals with evangelism and missions; esp. the character and purpose of missionary work.
Studies the mandate, message and work of the Christian missionary. Missiology is a multidisciplinary and cross-cultural reflection on all aspects of the propagation of the Christian faith, embracing theology, anthropology, history, geography, theories and methods of communication, comparative religion, Christian apologetics, methodology, and inter-denominational relations.

Because mission science considers both the positive and the negative consequences, as well as the strategies of the spread of Christianity, missiology also touches on the environmental impact of evangelisation and charitable work, including practical facets of international politics and economic development. One of its most difficult challenges is to distinguish between Christian practices that are essential to Christianity and therefore must be practised by Christians in all cultures, and other strictly cultural expressions of Christianity that can be changed and adapted to a different culture.
[Evangelism]  [Mission

A group of people sent by a religious body, esp. a Christian Church, to do social and religious work
A task given by God to His people. Christ sent the Seventy on a mission (Luke 10:1-24). St. Paul went on three missionary journeys to preach the gospel (Acts 13:1 - 14:28; 15:36 - 18:22; 18:23 21:16). The mission of the Church today is to proclaim Christ to the world.
[10/40 Window]  [Missiology]  [Missionary

Person who preaches the Christian faith
One who goes to people other than those of his own ethnic or cultural background to preach the gospel and/or establish churches.
[Great Commission]  [Mission

Reflecting the philosophical and religious views of modern times.
In a religious sense, the term refers to a movement which started in the 19th century which was sceptical of traditional Christian dogma, such as the inspiration and inerrancy of the Bible. Modernists applied rationalistic thinking to studies of the Bible and of religious belief. The Bible was studied as a historical document rather than as the Word of God. The Fundamentalist movement within Christianity was created largely as a response to modernism.

(arabic: "praised one") (various spelling including Mohammad, Mahomet) was born circa 570 in Mecca and died June 8 632 in Medina. In full his name was Abu Al-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abd Allah ibn Abd Al-Muttalib ibn Hashim. He was the founder of Islam, unifier of the Arabian tribes and founder of the Islamic Empire.
Muslims do not say Muhammad was the founder of Islam. Instead, he is viewed as the last prophet who modified and shaped the religion that was given to Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Islam sees its beliefs as primordial, having its beginning with the earliest humans
[Allah]  [Islam]  [Koran, Quran]  [Mecca]  [Muslim/Moslem]  [Prophet

Money Changers
(Matt. 21:12; Mark 11:15; John 2:15). Every Israelite from twenty years and upwards had to pay (Ex. 30:13-15) into the sacred treasury half a shekel every year as an offering to Jehovah, and that in the exact Hebrew half-shekel piece. There was a class of men, who frequented the temple courts, who exchanged at a certain premium foreign moneys for these half-shekels to the Jews who came up to Jerusalem from all parts of the world.

When our Lord drove the traffickers out of the temple, these money-changers fared worst. Their tables were overturned and they themselves were expelled.
The moneychangers in the temple probably conducted their business in the Court of the Gentiles. Most of the coins in circulation were of Roman or Greek origin and therefore had images of pagan deities embossed on them. Such coins were not acceptable as a gift to God or as payment of the annual temple tax. The moneychangers exchanged unacceptable coins for the acceptable Tyrian coins, taking a small commission for themselves.

When exchanging coins brought to the festivals by pilgrims from far countries, the moneychangers could manipulate the exchange rates. They could readily abuse their position during the times of major festivals. When Jesus overturned the tables of the moneychangers, he accused them of turning the house of prayer into a "den of thieves."
[Passover]  [Temple

Belief in one God - The Christians, Jews and Muslims
A religion devoted to the worship and adoration of a single god as opposed to polytheism, the worship of many gods. Greek and Roman cultures were rooted in polytheism. Judaism, Christianity and Islam are known as the world's three great monotheistic religions.
[Christianity]  [Islam]  [Judaism]  [Polytheism

Concern with the distinction between good and evil or right and wrong; right or good conduct
Morality is a complex of concepts and philosophical beliefs by which an individual determines whether his or her actions are right or wrong.
Oftentimes, these concepts and beliefs are generalised and codified in a culture or group, and thus serve to regulate the behaviour of its members.
[Belief]  [Philosophy

A member of a Christian denomination descended from the Bohemian Brethren and holding that the Scriptures are the only rule of faith and practice.

The motto of the Moravian church is:
In essentials, unity; in nonessentials, liberty; and in all things, love.
[Denomination]  [Protestant

Liable or subject to death.
[L. mortalis, from mors, death, or morior, to die, that is, to fall.]
Subject to death; destined to die. Man is mortal.
[Death]  [Immortal

Great prophet of God called to lead the Jews out of Egypt to the land that God promised his forefather Abraham. Moses was from the tribe of Levi. Moses was also called the lawgiver, since he was the one that received the ten commandments from God directly while in Mount Sinai. Moses led the Jews through the desert for 40 years while God purged out the unbelievers. God performed many great miracles through Moses.
A great leader of the people of Israel in the Old Testament. Moses led the people out of slavery in Egypt and brought God's law to them. See Exodus 1-20. Later, he directed them through the desert. See Numbers 10-14. Moses died just before the Israelites entered the Promised Land. See Deuteronomy 34.
The New Testament often refers to Moses as a faithful leader who pointed forward to the time of Christ.
Matthew 17:1-13
Luke 24:44-49
Hebrews 3
Hebrews 11:23-29
[Aaron]  [Exodus]  [Passover]  [Shavuoth

Mount Ararat
The mountain peak that Noah's ark landed on as the waters of the great flood receded
[Ark, Noah's]  [Noah

A believer or follower of Islam
A Muslim is a believer or follower of Islam. The word Muslim means one who submits and implies complete submission to the rule of God.

Thus a Muslim's life is governed by God's commands every step of the way. There is no distinction made between daily life and religion or politics.
[Islam]  [Koran, Quran]  [Mecca]  [Shiite]  [Sunni

Is the fragrant substance that oozes out of the stems and branches of the low, shrubby tree commiphora myrrha or comiphora kataf native to the Arabian deserts and parts of Africa. The fragrant gum drops to the ground and hardens into an oily yellowish-brown resin. Myrrh was highly valued as a perfume, and as an ingredient in medicinal and ceremonial ointments.
First mentioned as a principal ingredient in the holy anointing oil (Ex. 30:23). It formed part of the gifts brought by the wise men from the east, who came to worship the infant Jesus (Matt. 2:11). It was used in embalming (John 19:39), also as a perfume (Esther 2:12; Ps. 45:8; Prov. 7:17).

It was a custom of the Jews to give those who were condemned to death by crucifixion "wine mingled with myrrh" to produce insensibility. This drugged wine was probably partaken of by the two malefactors, but when the Roman soldiers pressed it upon Jesus "he received it not" (Mark 15:23).