Priesthill (Zion) Methodist

“centred in Christ, caring for people”

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The flowers are springing up,
the season of singing birds
has come;
Song of Solomon 2v12

How to use this glossary: Each word has two definitions.
The first is a very simple word equivalent, just a phrase or a few words. The second is a more detailed explanation with examples.

Glossary Terms - L

Lake of Fire
The place of final, eternal punishment, prepared for the Devil and his fallen angels & all unrepentant sinners, (Rev. 16.20; 20.10,14,15;).
"And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire" (Rev. 20:15).
The lake of fire is the final destination for both fallen angels and unbelieving mankind. It is both literal and eternal. It was prepared originally for Satan and his angels, Mat 25:41. Unbelievers also go there, with no way out, Joh 3:18, 36, Heb 9:27.
[Hell]  [Last Judgement]  [Satan]  [Sin, Sinner

Lamb (of God)
Symbolic representation of Christ as the great sacrifice
[Passover]  [Sacrifice

Last Judgement
The occasion, after the resurrection of the dead at the end of the world, when, according to biblical tradition, God will decree the final destinies of all men according to the good and evil in their lives.
The Last Judgement is the alternative to salvation. In effect, it is facing God's judgement in eternity because you would not face God's judgement in time. The Last Judgement is the expression of the integrity of God toward those who reject Christ as Saviour. It is the culminating judgement of human history in which every unbeliever of the human race is judged and sentenced to the lake of fire. They will stand before Jesus Christ who is the Supreme Court judge of heaven, Joh 5:22.This is also called the second death or the Great White Throne Judgement, Rev 20:12.
[Book of Life]  [Eternal Life]  [Heaven]  [Hell

Last/Lord's Supper
The night of His arrest, Jesus celebrated the Passover with His disciples. This is known as the Last Supper. He offered them bread as a symbol of His flesh that would be sacrificed for us and wine as a symbol of the blood He would shed for us. When we take the sacrament of communion, we do it in remembrance of Christ's sacrifice for us.
A meal shared together by the followers of Jesus. Bread is shared to remember the body of Jesus that he gave up for them. Wine is shared to remember his blood that was poured out for the forgiveness of their sins.
Matthew 26:17-30
Luke 22:7-30
The supper helps the followers of Jesus remember three things:
1) Jesus died for them;
2) Jesus is alive and is with them now through his Spirit; and;;,
3) Jesus will eat and drink with them again when he returns.
John 6:25-59
1 Corinthians 10:14- 17
1 Corinthians 11:17-34
Revelation 19:9
The term "Lord's Supper" comes from Paul's reference in 1 Corinthians 11:30 to "the supper of the Lord."
[Communion]  [Eucharist]  [Judas Iscariot]  [Passover]  [Transubstantiation

Law and the Prophets
A name for the entire Old Testament.
Romans 3:21

Lay People/Laity
Is a general term used for all the members of the universal Church who are not members of a professed religious order, society or congregation

Lazarus was a man from Bethany, the brother of Mary and Martha, who was restored to life by Jesus.
According to the New Testament, Lazarus lived in the town of Bethany with his sisters Mary and Martha.

He is best known for being raised from the grave four days after his death by Jesus Christ, according to Chapter 11 of the Gospel of John. Again according to this gospel, many Jews visited Lazarus after this and believed in Jesus in part because of Lazarus' resurrection, and some of the Jewish leaders made plans to kill him.
[Jesus]  [Martha]  [Mary of Bethany (sister of Lazarus)

As in leavened bread, where a small amount of yeast will cause the whole loaf to rise, so a small amount of evil or good affects the whole body (see Luke 13:20, 21; 1 Cor. 5:7, 8). In contrast to the Old Testament bread, which was unleavened to show the Israelites' separation from the world (see Ex. 12:15-20), leavened bread - risen bread - is used in Orthodox Communion to show forth the Resurrection of Christ.
[Unleavened Bread

[LL. lectrinum, fr. lectrum; cf. L. legere, lectum, to read.]
A reading desk with a slanted top holding the books from which scriptural passages are read during a church service.
The lectern is the reading stand from which the Word of God is read. In some churches it is highly ornamented, though usually less so than the pulpit.
[Church]  [Liturgical Year]  [scripture reading

The book used in liturgical celebrations that contains all the scripture readings of the liturgical year
A lectionary is a schedule of Bible readings that are used in worship throughout the year. The intent is that the passages appointed for the day are to be read to the congregation and that the sermon is to be based upon them. The purpose of a lectionary is to assure that all parts of the Bible are used in proportion to their relative importance, and at the right time of year (that is, resurrection stories at Easter, nativity stories at Christmas, and so forth).
[Bible]  [Church Year]  [Pericope

The belief that salvation is at least partly dependent on one's good works.
Is Mans futile attempt to gain salvation or to continue in God's plan by way of some system of do's and don'ts, rather than based upon God's grace. [Galatians 5:1-4] i.e., human good for the purpose of gaining God's approval !
[Grace]  [Salvation

Originally a period of preparation prior to baptism, then a period of public penance, finally the 40-day period prior to Easter, based on Jesus' 40-day fast in the wilderness.
The forty days from Ash Wednesday to Easter. Lent is kept by Christians as a time of repentance and is marked by practices such as the giving up of luxury items of food, donating to charity and devoting more time than usual to prayer and special services of worship.
[Easter]  [Liturgical Year]  [Septuagesima]  [Shrove Tuesday]  [Wilderness

A progressive disease characterised by white scaling of the skin and rotting the flesh inward
The word used in the Bible for different skin diseases and infections.
2 Kings 5
Luke 5:12-16
[Miracle]  [Unclean

The 21 books of the New Testament from Romans to Jude, also known as "Epistles". They were formal and instructive, many being written by the apostle Paul to the Christian congregations he founded.
[Epistle]  [New Testament]  [Paul

In the Judeo-Christian tradition, a Levite is a member of the Hebrew tribe descended from Levi. The Levites were the only one of the thirteen tribes who had no tribal land, and served as the priests of the Hebrew people.
A member of the family line of Levi, one of the sons of Jacob. All priests came from the tribe of Levi. Other Levites worked in the temple and were teachers of the law.
Numbers 1:47-54
Numbers 8:5-26
Nehemiah 12:27-30
Jeremiah 33:17-22
Luke 10:25-37
[Aaron]  [Tribes of Israel

Lex Talionis
Retribution or punishment in kind; the "eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth" principle.
Latin phrase meaning, "law of retaliation." Hence, a strictly retributive notion of punishment, according to which anyone who causes injury to another should suffer exactly the same injury in return.

In societies not bound by the rule of law, if a person was hurt, then the hurt person (or their relative) would take vengeful retribution on the person who caused the pain. Often the retribution would be much more than the crime; it often was death. This law put a limit on such actions, restricting the retribution to be no more than that crime.
[Eye for an Eye

Liberal theology
(from Latin, "free [thinker]").
A general term used in religion discussions to indicate a person or view that breaks significantly from the conservative traditional position(s).
Beliefs based on the denial of the historic tenets of the Christian faith, i.e., the inerrancy and inspiration of the Bible, the virgin birth, the deity of Christ, the physical resurrection, the literal return of Christ, and many more. Liberals take away from scripture.
[Fundamentalism]  [Orthodox

To present false information with the intention of deceiving.

A liturgical prayer or group of sentences or phrases that the pastor and the congregation take turns reading.
A solemn form of supplication in the public worship of various churches, in which the clergy and congregation join, the former leading and the latter responding in alternate sentences. It is usually of a penitential character.
[liturgical]  [Pray(er)]  [scripture reading

A general term used in religion discussions to indicate a person or view that attempts to interpret the scriptures and other recognised classical religious authorities in a straightforward, literal manner.
One who reads the scriptures literally in every case, not taking into account that the Bible, like other kinds of literature, contains hyperbole, poetic allegory, and figurative language. Literalism is at the root of the false teachings of many Christian sects and cults.
[Cult]  [Interpretation]  [Religion]  [Scripture(s)]  [Sect

Of or relating to or in accord with liturgy
[Holy Water]  [Litany]  [Liturgy

Liturgical Year
The cycle of seasons of the church year, including, in order, Advent, Epiphany, Lent, Easter, and Pentecost
The Western church year (liturgical year) is divided into the seasons of Advent, Christmas, Epiphany, Lent, Easter and Pentecost. Which celebrate the Paschal Mystery (Christ's life, death, Resurrection and Ascension).

In some calendars, the Sundays following Epiphany and Pentecost are considered "ordinary time." This time provides us with an opportunity to reflect on the meaning of God's gift to us in Christ, our attitudes, our prayer life, and our service to others.
[Advent]  [Christmas]  [Easter]  [Epiphany]  [Lectern]  [Lent]  [Pentecost

A rite or body of rites prescribed for public worship
A term derived from the Latin and Greek words referring to public service and words related to the people; thus, it is often defined as "the work or service of the people." Formally, liturgy refers to the rituals, ideas and activities including musical activities -- associated with public worship. When capitalised, the word specifically refers to a Christian rite often labelled The Divine Liturgy. In many Christian denominations, liturgy is a formal study for seminarians and others interested in the worship practices of the church. Many Christian denominations de-emphasise formal ritual and are labelled as "non-liturgical" churches.
[Christian Denomination]  [Church]  [Creed]  [Gloria Patri

A Greek term translated as "word," but more fully defined as "the expression of." Jesus is the Logos of the Father, the perfect expression. It also refers to the Bible, God's eternal unchanging word.

Used in the prologue of the Gospel of John to refer to Christ.

A title ascribed to Jesus Christ that describes His supreme rank and authority over all. When seen in the Bible in all upper cases letter, [LORD] indicates the name of God (YHWH or Jehovah) as opposed to simply a title.
(in small letters or initial capital) is used in this Bible to mean "master" or someone who is in control. Sometimes this can be a title of respect for a human being.
Genesis 23
But usually it is used for God as a title showing his power over all things.
Psalm 136:3
Matthew 11:25
The early followers of Jesus said "Jesus is Lord" to mean that he has authority over everything.
Romans 10:9-13
I Corinthians 12:3
Philippians 2:9-11

Lord's Day
Can refer to the day of Sunday/Sabbath day
The first day of the week (Sunday), as the day the Lord was raised from the Dead. Celebrated as a day of worship by most Christians since early times.

Lord's Prayer
The prayer that Jesus taught His disciples as a model in formulating their own prayers. It contains few words and no "empty phrases."
Jesus taught that prayer is a way of talking and listening to God. He gave his disciples the Lord's Prayer as an example of how to pray to God.

Instead of just asking for things, it includes worship and confession.
You can find it in Matthew 6:9-13 or Luke 11:2-4.
[Amen]  [Pray(er)]  [Sermon on the Mount

A preference for someone or something which gives without thought of receiving in return. It is expressed by forgiveness and kindness in the sacrifice of oneself in order to serve others.
John 3:16, Ephesians 5:22
A most important word yet, commonly misunderstood. There are four Greek words that translate into the English word "love". "Eros" is romantic love. "Storge" is affection. "Philia" means "friendship" and "Agape" is selfless giving. Christian love means first agape, which is not an emotion, but a decision of the will. It comes from us, not to us. Perfect agape is seen through Christ.
[Agape]  [Christ]  [Christianity

The name meaning light-bearer, the Devil before his fall from heaven, (Isa. 14.12;).

A male given name: from the Greek word meaning "man of Lucania." Lucania was a region in Italy.
[Luke (Apostle)]  [Luke (Gospel)

Luke (Apostle)
Companion of Saint Paul and author of the third Gospel of the New Testament. He is considered the patron saint of painters and physicians.

His earliest notice is in Paul's Epistle to Philemon, verse 24. He is also mentioned in Colossians 4:14 and 2 Timothy 4:11, two works commonly ascribed to Paul.
[Apostle]  [Paul

Luke (Gospel)
One of the four Gospels in the New Testament; contains details of Jesus's birth and early life
The Gospel of Luke is the third of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament that tell the story of Jesus Christ's life, death, and resurrection.
Luke is the longest of the four gospels in the New Testament.

Although the text does not name its author, the traditional view is that it was written by Luke, a follower of Paul and also the author of the Acts of the Apostles.
[Acts of Apostles]  [Paul

A denomination of the Protestant Christian church. Followers of Martin Luther after the Reformation.
[Martin Luther]  [Protestant]  [Reformation

LXX (Septuagint)
A symbol for the Septuagint, the translation of the Old Testament from the Hebrew into Greek by approximately seventy scholars in the third century B.C.
Roman symbol for the number 70. An abbreviation used to refer to the Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament) into Koine Greek. The translation was allegedly made by 70 or 72 individuals. This was the version of the Hebrew Scriptures used by the Christians in the primitive Christian church.
[Greek]  [Masoretic text]  [Septuagint