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The flowers are springing up,
the season of singing birds
has come;
Song of Solomon 2v12

How to use this glossary: Each word has two definitions.
The first is a very simple word equivalent, just a phrase or a few words. The second is a more detailed explanation with examples.

Glossary Terms - H

Hades
Corresponds to the Hebrew word Sheol and refers to the state or resting place of the dead, can be translated as Hell in some versions. (Matt. 11.23; Luke 10.15;).
(Read Luke 16:19-31) At the sinners' judgement of the great white throne, Hades will surrender the wicked. They will be judged and cast into the lake of fire (Rev. 20:13-14).
[Sheol

Hades/Sheol
The place of the dead*,
Matthew 16:13-20
Revelation 1:12-18
Revelation 20:11- 15
The Hebrew word Sheol originally meant in post-biblical Hebrew the deep parts of the sea. But both sheol and the Greek word hades are used to refer to anything that is subterranean and large. They are used for the vast subterranean place of the departed dead of the human race and the abode of certain fallen angels. Both sheol and hades are mistranslated "hell" which adds to the confusion. Hades was used from classical times for the underworld and the realm of the dead. Sheol is sometimes used for the grave, as in Gen 37:35, 42:38, 1Sa 2:6, and other passages.
[Gehenna]  [Hades]  [Sheol

Hallel
(Judaism) a chant of praise (Psalms 113 through 118) used at Passover and Shabuoth and Sukkoth and Hanukkah and Rosh Hodesh
Hallel sung at the Feast of Tabernacles. "Hosanna" was the cue word at which the worshipers would wave their palm branches in joyous celebration. The waving of branches became a common expression of religious exuberance, not limited to just a set moment in the ritual of the Feast of Tabernacles.
[Feast of Tabernacles]  [Hosanna]  [Jewish feasts

Hallelujah
(Hebrew, "[let us] praise the Lord") A word used 23 times as an introduction or conclusion of a psalm; it was probably sung by the Temple choir. In later usage it came to signify a cry of joy.
Means "Praise the LORD!" This word is made by putting together two Hebrew words:
Hallelu (meaning "praise") and Yah (for the name of God, "Yahweh," or "the LORD").
Psalm 146:1
& footnote Revelation 19:1-8
[Alleluia]  [Hebrew]  [Praise]  [Yahweh(YHWH)

Heathen
People of the earth, strangers to revealed religion
Unbelievers...ANY race or nation NOT worshipping the God of Israel.
[Pagan]  [Religion

Heaven
The abode of God and of the righteous after death.
The place where the redeemed will spend eternity in the presence of God. Heaven is more wonderful than the human mind can comprehend (1 Corinthians 2:9).
[Eternity]  [Redeem, Redemption]  [Righteous(ness)

Heaven & Hell
Heaven is the "place" Jesus has gone to prepare for us, which he will bring back to a recreated earth.
Hell is a lake of eternal fire and punishment awaiting those who reject Jesus Christ.

All people will end up in Heaven or Hell after the final judgement. [Jn 14:2-4, Rv 21:1-8, Mat 13:40-50, Lk 12:4-5, Mk 9:42-48)
[Heaven]  [Hell]  [Last Judgement

Hebrew
(from Heb. "to pass over", "cross over"). An old name given to the people of Israel, and also to their language.
[Israel, People Of

Hebrew Scripture (Tanach)
The Jewish Bible, also called the Hebrew Bible, consists of 3 parts:
the Torah (Law), the Nevi'im (Prophets) and the Ketuvim (Writings) Sometimes called the Old Testament.

The word Tanak is an acronym for the Jewish Bible, taking its name from the initial letters of its three main sections, the Torah, Neviim, and Ketuvim.
The Tanach is mostly written in Hebrew; some parts are in Aramaic.

The Protestant Old Testament consists only of the Tanach, but with a different arrangement of books and some difference in text. For example, the Old Testament includes some books that have extra paragraphs that do not exist in the Jewish version. The Catholic and Orthodox Old Testament is more extensive than the Tanach, by six books; (deuterocanonical books - Tobit (Tobias), Judith, 1 Maccabees, 2 Maccabees, Wisdom, Sirach (Ecclesiasticus), and Baruch.)

The Tanach consists of 24 books, while the Christian Old Testament (excluding the deuterocanonical books/apocrypha) has 39 books; they both contain the same text but divide it into books differently: Jews often count as a single book what Christians count as several.
[Old Testament]  [Protestant

Hedonism
(Greek, hedn, pleasure)
A philosophy of life and doctrine of Aristippus, that pleasure or happiness is the chief good and chief end of man.
Belief that pleasure is the highest or only source of intrinsic value. Although commonly defended as a moral theory about the proper aim of human conduct, hedonism is usually grounded on the psychological claim that human beings simply do act in such ways as to maximise their own happiness.

The result is the demand for more & more pleasure for personal gratification. It always follows the law of diminished returns, so that which produced joy in us yesterday no longer does today. Our capacity for joy diminishes.
[Epicureanism

Hell
A place associated with eternal punishment. The Book of Revelation describes a lake that burns with fire in which the wicked will be punished.
Heaven is more wonderful than the human mind can comprehend. Conversely, hell is more terrible than can be comprehended (Revelation 20:10-15, 21:8).
Hell is the future place of eternal punishment of the damned including the devil and his fallen angels. There are several words rendered as Hell:
Hades - A Greek word. It is the place of the dead, the location of the person between death and resurrection. (See Matt. 11:23; 16:18; Acts 11:27; 1 Cor. 15:55; Rev. 1:18; 6:8).
Gehenna - A Greek word. It was the place where dead bodies were dumped and burned (2 Kings 23:13-14). Jesus used the word to designate the place of eternal torment (Matt. 5:22,29,30; Mark 9:43; Luke 12:5).
Sheol - A Hebrew word. It is the place of the dead, not necessarily the grave, but the place the dead go to. It is used of both the righteous (Psalm 16:10; 30:3; Isaiah 38:10) and the wicked (Num. 16:33; Job. 24:19; Psalm 9:17).

Hell is a place of eternal fire (Matt. 25:41; Rev. 19:20). It was prepared for the devil and his angels (Matt. 25:41) and will be the abode of the wicked (Rev. 22:8) and the fallen angels (2 Pet. 2:4).
[Book of Life]  [Gehenna]  [Hades/Sheol]  [Heaven]  [Lake of Fire]  [Last Judgement

Herald
To introduce, or give tidings of, as by a herald; to proclaim; to announce; to foretell; to usher in.
[Angel]  [Christmas

Heresy
Literally to be divisive. Specifically it refers to dividing the church over false doctrine. Any doctrine (or practice) that is unbiblical is heretical. (Titus 3:9-10)
Heresy is from the Greek [hairesis] meaning, choose, and by extension in Theological terms, "doctrines of men who have chosen to follow their own views." In general, heresy is a self-chosen doctrine not emanating from God's word. Any doctrine or teaching which is contradictory to established Church doctrine based on the Holy Bible is called a heresy. For example, Jesus being the Son of God is established Church doctrine based on the Bible. To forsake the word and choose to believe he is not, would be heresy!
We are warned against it in Acts 20:29-32 and Phil. 3:2.
[Bible]  [Doctrine]  [Polemics]  [Schism

Hermeneutics
The science or study of interpretation. Derived from the Greek word for interpret. This is often associated with biblical scholarship, especially in Christianity and Judaism.
The science of the interpretation or understanding of the meaning of something (e.g. and especially the Bible) is called hermeneutics. The practice of such interpretation is exegesis. All interpretation involves circular reasoning, e.g. one must understand the whole before one can understand a part, but the whole is made up of parts.
[Bible]  [Christianity]  [Eisegesis]  [Exegesis]  [Interpretation

Herod
(c. 74 -- 4 BC) [syn: Herod, Herod the Great]
king of Judea who (according to the New Testament)
attempted to kill the infant Jesus by ordering the death of all children under the age of two in Bethlehem.
[Bethlehem]  [Christ]  [Christmas

Herod Antipas
Herod's son by Malthace (Matt. 14:1; Luke 3:1, 19; 9:7; Acts 13:1).
He was tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea during the whole period of our Lord's life
on earth.
Ruler of Judea and tetrarch in Galilee (4 B.C.-A.D. 40). His marriage to his niece Herodias was denounced by John the Baptist, who was beheaded at the urging of Salome, the daughter of Herodias.

It was to Herod Antipas that Pontius Pilate sent Jesus for judgment. (Luke 23:7). He asked some idle questions of him, and after causing him to be mocked, sent him back again to Pilate.
[John (the Baptist)]  [Pontius Pilate]  [Tetrarch

Herod I
Herod I, also known as Herod the Great (c. 74 BC - 4 BC March in Jerusalem).

See Herod
[Herod

Herodias
The niece and second wife of Herod Antipas and the mother of Salome.
(Matt. 14:3-11; Mark 6:17-28; Luke 3:19)
The niece and second wife of Herod Antipas and the mother of Salome:

As John the Baptist had preached condemning this union, she got, by means of her daughter Salome, the order for John's beheading from Herod Antipas.
[Herod Antipas]  [John (the Baptist)]  [Salome

Higher Criticism
The scientific study of biblical writings to determine their authorship, dating, form, and meaning
Application of the methods and suppositions of literary and form criticism to the study of the Bible. Higher criticism in particular focuses on the contributing sources of a document and determine the authorship, dating, form, and sources of the books of the Bible.
[Autograph]  [Interpretation

Hinduism
An Eastern religion which includes among its teachings reincarnation, karma, and nirvana, that is, absorption of the individual into the whole of reality. This absorption ends the cycles of birth and rebirth.
[Karma]  [Reincarnation

Holiday
A day on which work is suspended by law or custom
A holiday is day set aside by a nation or culture (in some cases, multiple nations and cultures) typically for celebration but sometimes for some other kind of special culture-wide (or national) observation or activity.

Based on the English words "holy" and "day," holidays originally represented special days of the Christian church calendar. The word has evolved in general usage to mean any special day, or even nonspecial day on which school or offices are closed.
[Calendar]  [Holy

Holiness
The state or quality of being holy; perfect moral integrity or purity; freedom from sin; sanctity; innocence

In Christianity, holiness is a term used for describing the reshaping of a person through spiritual rebirth.

This is described in the Bible, in Paul's Epistle to the Romans, chapter 6, verses 19- 22.
In the highest sense belongs to God (Isa. 6:3; Rev. 15:4), and to Christians as
consecrated to God's service, and in so far as they are conformed in all things
to the will of God (Rom. 6:19, 22; Eph. 1:4; Titus 1:8; 1 Pet. 1:15). Personal
holiness is a work of gradual development. It is carried on under many
hindrances, hence the frequent admonitions to watchfulness, prayer, and
perseverance (1 Cor. 1:30; 2 Cor. 7:1; Eph. 4:23, 24).
[Born Again]  [Christianity]  [Holy]  [Sin, Sinner

Holism
The theory that the parts of any whole cannot exist and cannot be understood except in their relation to the whole
[Philosophy

Holocaust
(from the Greek term for a burnt offering). The systematic Nazi destruction of European Jewry which began in 1933 when Adolph Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. This tragic event reduced the world's Jewish population by over one third.
A name given to the period in the 1930s and 1940s (1933-1945) when Germany's ruling National Socialists, popularly known as Nazis and led by Adolf Hitler, sought to exterminate all Jews living in Europe as part of their planned conquest of civilisation and purification of the race.. An elaborate system of persecution of Jews and death camps set up by the Nazis that systematically murdered more than 6 million Jews was uncovered at the end of World War II. The holocaust is deemed by Jews to be the ultimate humiliation of their religion and nation and has become a symbol of their rallying for human rights and against persecution of any race or religion. A key figure in educating the public concerning the Holocaust has been writer Elie Wiesel, himself a Hungarian Jew and a prisoner in a Nazi concentration camp.
[Anti-Semitism

Holy
Set apart, Sacred, said of God. Untainted by sin, (Lev. 19.2; 21.8; Eph. 1.4;)
Absolute purity; freedom from all evil and contamination. Supreme integrity; no possibility of contradiction or injustice. Set apart; separate from, other than all else. Holy can only be used accurately in the literal sense, in describing God, yet by His grace He declares we who are in Christ to be holy. (1 Peter 1:15- 16)
[God]  [Grace]  [Sacred]  [Sin, Sinner

Holy Matrimony
The sacrament of marriage, especially in Christian churches.
In the Christian faith, marriage is viewed as a lifelong union of a man and a woman in the eyes of God. One commonly used text is from the Gospel of Matthew.

:"...For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.
[Christian(s)]  [Marriage]  [sacrament

Holy of holies (Most Holy Place)
(Script.), the innermost apartment of the Jewish tabernacle or temple, where the ark was kept, and where no person entered, except the high priest once a year.
Location within the inner tabernacle of Moses. In the Bible it is referred to as the holiest of all (Hebrews 9:3), the most holy (Exodus 26:33), and the most holy place (Exodus 26:34).

It was a place where the high priest would go in, once a year, on the Day of Atonement, to sprinkle the blood of an animal upon the Ark of the Covenant and the mercy seat which sat on top of the ark. The animal was sacrificed on the Brazen Altar and the blood was carried into the most holy place. The golden censors were also found in the most holy place.

It is said to be the place where the presence of God dwelt. In the wilderness, on the day that the tabernacle was first raised up, the cloud of the Lord covered the tabernacle. There are other times that this was recorded, and instructions were given that the Lord would appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat, and at that time the priests should not enter into the tabernacle (Leviticus 16:2).
[Ark of the Covenant/Testimony]  [Tabernacle

Holy Spirit
One of the three forms of God. The Holy Spirit came down to the disciples at Pentecost and to Jesus at his baptism.
Sent to help believers live more like Christ by giving guidance, strength, and love. He is inside of every Believer in Christ. John 16:5-15
The third person of the Godhead. He is called the Spirit of God (Gen. 1:2), Holy Spirit (Psalm 51:1), the Helper (John 14:16,26), and Eternal Spirit (Heb. 9:14). He knows all things (1 Cor. 2:10-11), is all powerful (Luke 1:35), and is everywhere (Psalm 139:7-13).
The underlying meaning of the Greek and Hebrew words are breath or wind... (Acts 2; 9.31; Phil.2.1-2; 1 Cor. 12;).
[Dunamis]  [Paraclete]  [Pentecost]  [Perichoresis]  [Pneumatology]  [Slain in the Spirit]  [Trinity

Holy Water
Water blessed by a priest and used for religious purposes.
In Catholicism, special water that has been blessed by a priest, bishop, etc. or a liturgical ceremony. It is used to bring a blessing to a person when applied.
[Catholic Roman]  [liturgical]  [Priest

Holy Week
The week before Easter during which the last days of Christ's life are commemorated
The Christian celebration marking the remembrance of the last week of Jesus' life on earth. It includes Maundy Thursday, Good Friday and Easter Sunday, marking the events recorded in the New Testament of Jesus celebrating the last supper, washing the feet of his disciples, his crucifixion and his resurrection.
[Easter]  [Good Friday]  [Maundy Thursday]  [NT

Homiletics
The science and art of the preparation and delivery of sermons.
Homiletics is derived from the Greek word (homiletikos) which means "conversation." More specifically, homiletics deals with the art of writing or delivering sermons as a means of communication of God's truth to His church.
[Church]  [Sermon

Horsemen of the Apocalypse
Four riders on white, red, black, and pale horses symbolising pestilence, war, famine, and death, respectively. Sent as harbingers of the end of the world.
Rev. 6:2-8.
The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse are mentioned in the Bible in chapter six of the Book of Revelation. The four horsemen are traditionally named War, Famine, Pestilence, and Death. The first four seal judgements referred to in Revelation 6.

The white colour of the first horse could mean victory, because generals of that time often rode white horses after they had won a battle or war. The crown that its rider wore was a kind of prize awarded for service in a war. The bow that he carried could be a symbol of an enemy at that time, the Parthians, who were famous for their archery.

The red colour of the second horse could mean bloody war, and the sword held by the rider symbolises war and violence.

The black colour of the third horse could be a symbol of death and famine. Its rider was holding a scale, which means scarcity of food, higher prices, and famine.

The pale greenish colour of the 4th horse means fear, sickness, decay, and death.

The imagery of the four horses is adapted from a passage in Zechariah.
[Apocalypse]  [Armageddon]  [End Times

Hosanna
"Save us", often coupled with: "Save us in the highest way". There is an ongoing sense to Hosanna/Hoshiana as in: "keep on saving us", or "save us now!" [Mk 11:9-10, Ps 118:25-26]
(save now ). "Save, we pray!" the cry of the multitudes as they thronged in our Lord's triumphal procession into Jerusalem. (Matthew 21:9,15; Mark 11:9,10; John 12:13) The Psalm from which it was taken, the 118th, was one with which they were familiar from being accustomed to recite the 25th and 26th verses at the feast of tabernacles, forming a part of the great hallel. Ps. 113-118.
[Feast of Tabernacles]  [Holy Week]  [Jewish feasts]  [Palm Sunday

Humility
"Lowering." Being humble means lowering yourself, so that God can raise you. It does not mean denying your gifts, but submitting them to God, like Christ. Humility is not thinking less of yourself, but less about yourself.
The attitude of the Christian that teaches us not to "...think more highly of himself than he ought to think; but to think so as to have sound judgement..." (Rom. 12:3). It teaches us to prefer others over ourselves (Rom. 12:10). It is knowing our true position before God. It is not self-abasement or demeaning one's self. "God is opposed to the proud, but gives grace to the humble" (James 4:6). Humility is necessary to be a disciple of Jesus (Matt. 18:3-4). The humility of Jesus is described in Philippians 2:5-8, "Your attitude should be the same as that of Christ Jesus: Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself and became obedient to death - even death on a cross!" (NIV).
[Exalt]  [Pride

Hymn
A song of praise to God, that also instructs us in the Christian faith.
(from Greek, "to sing praise"). A general term for poetic chants or songs of praise (usually to God);
[Praise]  [Worship

Hypocrite
One who feigns himself to be what he is not
[Middle English ipocrite, from Old French, from Late Latin hypocrita, from Greek hupocrits, actor, from hupokrnesthai, to play a part, pretend. ]

One who plays a part; especially, one who, for the purpose of winning approbation of favour, puts on a fair outside seeming; one who feigns to be other and better than he is; a false pretender to virtue or piety; one who simulates virtue or piety.

The hypocrite's hope shall perish. --Job viii. 13.

The Hebrew word here rendered "hypocrite" rather means the "godless" or
"profane," as it is rendered in Jer. 23:11, i.e., polluted with crimes.
[Believe]  [Godliness

Hyssop
The hyssop of the Scriptures (1 Kings 4.33; Ps. 51.7; John 19.29) may refer to different plants. Hyssop was much used by the Jews in purification.
(Heb. 'ezob; LXX. hyssopos), first mentioned in Ex. 12:22 in connection with the
institution of the Passover. We find it afterwards mentioned in Lev. 14:4, 6,
52; Num. 19:6, 18; Heb. 9:19.

It is spoken of as a plant "springing out of the wall" (1 Kings 4:33). Many conjectures have been formed as to what this plant really was. Some contend that it was a species of marjoram (origanum), six species of which are found in Palestine.

Others with more probability think that it was the caper plant, the Capparis spinosa of Linnaeus. This plant grew in Egypt, in the desert of Sinai, and in Palestine. It was capable of producing a stem three or four feet in length (Matt. 27:48; Mark 15:36. Comp. John 19:29).
[Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Gall]  [Passover