Priesthill (Zion) Methodist

“centred in Christ, caring for people”

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The flowers are springing up,
the season of singing birds
has come;
Song of Solomon 2v12

How to use this glossary: Each word has two definitions.
The first is a very simple word equivalent, just a phrase or a few words. The second is a more detailed explanation with examples.

Glossary Terms - G

An angel or archangel from Jewish tradition who is closely associated with the virgin birth in Christianity, and with the revelation of the Quran in Islam.
Gavri El (man or hero of God) a heavenly messenger who is an angel of God; he appeared to Daniel (Dan. 8:16), Zacharias (Luke 1:19), and the Virgin Mary (Luke 1:26-38). All appearances of Gabriel recorded in the Bible deal with the Messiah.
[Angel]  [Archangel]  [Christmas]  [Jesus]  [John (the Baptist)

Meaning circuit, is an area in northern Israel.
The northern part of the land of Palestine. Jesus grew up in the town of Nazareth, in Galilee. He did a lot of his ministry in Galilee.
Matthew 4:12-25
Mark 1:9-28
Luke 4:14-19
[Jesus]  [Nazareth]  [Palestine

Hebrew: Mererah, bitterness; a mixture of hemlock, poppy, and wormwood
Gr. chole (Matt. 27:34), the LXX. translation of the Hebrew rosh in Ps. 69; 21, which foretells our Lord's sufferings. The drink offered to our Lord was vinegar (made of light wine rendered acid, the common drink of Roman soldiers) "mingled with gall," or, according to Mark (15:23), "mingled with myrrh;" both expressions meaning the same thing, namely, that the vinegar was made bitter by the infusion of wormwood or some other bitter substance, usually given, according to a merciful custom, as an anodyne to those who were crucified, to render them insensible to pain. Our Lord, knowing this, refuses to drink it. He would take nothing to cloud his faculties or blunt the pain of dying. He chooses to suffer every element of woe in the bitter cup of agony given him by the Father (John 18:11).
[Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Hyssop]  [Myrrh]  [Woe

Garden of Eden
The original home of Adam and Eve before the fall.
A beautiful garden where Adam and Eve were placed at the Creation; when they disobeyed and ate the forbidden fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil they were driven from their paradise
The story is in Genesis, chapters 2 and 3
[Adam and Eve]  [Evil]  [Fall, The]  [Sin, Sinner]  [Tree of Knowledge]  [Tree of Life

Garden of Gethsemene
A garden where Jesus prayed before being arrested.
"Gethsemene" is an Aramaic word that means oil press," In the first century, the Mount of olives was entirely covered with olive trees. The oil press was located at the foot of the mount across the Kidron Valley from Jerusalem, The exact location of the garden and wine press that are called "the Garden of Gethsemene in the Gospels is unclear, but several churches in the vicinity claimed to be located on the site.

Jesus often went to this secluded garden for reflection and prayer, The custom was well known to Judas Iscariot, who made arrangements to have Jesus captured there following the Last Supper the In the upper room. The description of Jesus' kneeling in prayer at Gethsemene (Luke 22,41) became the model for Christians to kneel when they pray.
[Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Holy Week]  [Olive Trees

The place of eternal torment. Strictly speaking it means the "valley of Hinnom", where the sacrifices to Baal and Meloch were offered Jeremiah 19:6. It came to be regarded as a place of unquenchable fire, possible from the fires of Moloch.
[Baal]  [Purgatory

The first book of the Old Testament: tells of creation; Adam and Eve; the Fall of Man; Cain and Abel; Noah and the flood; God's covenant with Abraham; Abraham and Isaac; Jacob and Esau; Joseph and his brothers
(Greek: having the meanings of "birth", "creation", "cause", "beginning", "source" and "origin" , translated from Hebrew: Bereshit) so called by the Greek translators, from its containing the history of the creation of the world and of the human race.

It is the first book of the Torah (five books of Moses) and hence the first book of the Tanakh, the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of the Christian's Old Testament.
[Bible, Books of]  [Creation]  [Hebrew Scripture (Tanach)]  [Imago Dei]  [Old Testament]  [Palaeontology]  [Tanakh]  [Torah

(Latin for people, nation). In pre-Christian times, used to refer to non-Jewish peoples; thereafter, for non-Jewish and non-Christian (roughly synonymous with "pagan").
Means "nations." A Gentile is anyone who is not a Jew. God's plan of salvation begins with the chosen nation of Israel, and then moves to include all the nations of the earth.
Isaiah 49:5-6
Acts 10
Romans 15:7-13
Ephesians 2:11-3:6
Revelation 5:9-10
[Christian(s)]  [Enmity]  [Jew(s)]  [Pagan]  [Religion

Get Saved
Accept Christ, make a decision to follow Christ
[Born Again]  [Christianity]  [Salvation

Gifts of the Holy Spirit
The special spiritual gifts given to the church. They are for edifying and building up the church. They are mentioned in Rom. 12, 1 Cor. 12, and 1 Cor. 14: Word of wisdom, word of knowledge, faith, healing, miracles, prophecy, distinguishing of spirits, tongues, interpretation of tongues.
Word of Wisdom 1 Cor. 12:8
Word of Knowledge 1 Cor. 12:8
Faith 1 Cor. 12:9
Healing 1 Cor. 12:9
Miracles 1 Cor. 12:10
Prophecy Rom. 12:6 1 Cor. 12:10
Distinguishing of Spirits 1 Cor. 12:10
Tongues 1 Cor. 12:10
Interpretation of Tongues 1 Cor. 12:10

Serving Rom. 12:7
Teaching Rom. 12:7
Exhortation Rom. 12:8
Giving Rom. 12:8
Leading Rom. 12:8
Showing mercy Rom. 12:8
[Holy Spirit]  [Miracle]  [Prophecy]  [Tongues

Gloria in excelsis
Latin, glory (be to God)
a hymn or set of words in Latin that begins with the words "Gloria in Excelsis" and is used in the Christian liturgy to praise God
[Canticle]  [Liturgy

Gloria Patri
A 2-verse doxology to the Trinity, in Latin it begins with the words "Gloria Patri"
Latin for "glory to the Father." The complete text is: "Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit; as it was in the beginning, is now, and will be forever. Amen." Also known as the "lesser doxology," this ascription of praise is appended to psalms and other liturgical texts.
[Doxology]  [Liturgy

To give glory, honour, or high praise to; exalt.
[Praise]  [Worship

To lift great honour, adoration, love, splendour and beauty
Greatness and majesty that people can see or sense; usually of God.
Exodus 24:1- 18
2 Chronicles 7:1-3
Luke 2:8-14
John 1:14
2 Corinthians 3:7
Revelation 21:22-27

Glory of the Lord
The phrase "Give glory to God" (Joshua 7:19; Jeremiah 13:16) is a Hebrew idiom meaning, "Confess your sins." The words of the Jews to the blind man, "Give God the praise" (John 9:24), are an adjuration to confess. They are equivalent to, "Confess that you are an impostor," "Give God the glory by speaking the truth;" for they denied that a miracle had been wrought.
[Confess]  [Idiom]  [Sin, Sinner

Derived from gnosis, meaning "knowledge."
Religious and philosophical movement from about the 1st century BCE through the 3rd century CE which:
(1) emphasised a special higher truth that only the more enlightened receive from God;
(2) taught that matter is evil;
(3) denied the humanity of Jesus.
A theological error prevalent around the time of Christ. Generally speaking, Gnosticism taught that salvation is achieved through special knowledge (gnosis). This knowledge usually dealt with the individual's relationship to the transcendent Being.

It denies the incarnation of God as the Son. In so doing, it denies the true efficacy of the atonement. Since, if Jesus is not God, He could not atone for all of mankind and we would still be lost in our sins.
[Atonement]  [Docetism

Creator of time and space. Christians believe there is one God, but three persons, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. All are God equally, they are not separate or smaller parts of God. John 1:1-5, Matthew 28:20
The supreme being of the universe. He is the creator of all things (Isaiah 44:24). He alone is God (Isaiah 45:21,22; 46:9; 47:8). There have never been any Gods before Him nor will there be any after Him (Isaiah 43:10). God is God from all eternity (Psalm 90:2). In Exodus 3:14, God revealed His name to His people. The name commonly known in English is Jehovah. This comes from the four Hebrew consonants that spell the name of God.

God is a Trinity, knows all things (1 John 3:20), can do all things (Jer. 32:17,27 - except those things against His nature like lie, break His word, cheat, steal, etc.), and is everywhere all the time (Psalm 119:7-12).
[Eternity]  [Holy Spirit]  [Jehovah]  [Jesus]  [Perichoresis]  [Trinity

God Parents
When a baby is baptised Godparents promise to bring the baby up as a Christian.
[Baptism, Infant

Likeness to God in moral and spiritual character.

Golden Calf
We all worship the golden calf, i.e. money. The reference is to the golden calf made by Aaron when Moses was absent on Mount Sinai. (Exod. 32)
(Ex. 32:4,8; Deut. 9:16; Neh. 9:18). This was a molten image of a calf which the
idolatrous Israelites formed at Sinai. This symbol was borrowed from the custom
of the Egyptians. It was destroyed at the command of Moses (Ex. 32:20).
[Aaron]  [Idol/idolatry]  [Moses

Golden Rule
A command based on Jesus' words in the Sermon on the Mount: "Whatsoever ye would that men do unto you, do you even so unto them" (Matthew 7:12)
[Beatitudes]  [Sermon on the Mount

(From an Aramaic word meaning "skull") The place meaning place of the skull, where Jesus was crucified.
The word "Calvary" comes from a Latin word meaning "skull".
The common name of the spot where Jesus was crucified. It is interpreted by the evangelists as meaning "the place of a skull" (Matt. 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17). This name represents in Greek letters the Aramaic word Gulgaltha, which is the Hebrew Gulgoleth (Num. 1:2; 1 Chr. 23:3, 24; 2 Kings 9:35), meaning "a skull." It is identical with the word Calvary (q.v.). It was a little knoll rounded like a bare skull. It is obvious from the evangelists that it was some well-known spot outside the gate (comp. Heb. 13:12), and near the city (Luke 23:26), containing a "garden" (John 19:41), and on a thoroughfare leading into the country. Hence it is an untenable idea that it is embraced within the present "Church of the Holy Sepulchre." The hillock above Jeremiah's Grotto, to the north of the city, is in all probability the true site of Calvary. The skull-like appearance of the rock in the southern precipice of the hillock is very remarkable.
[Calvary/Calvery]  [Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Tomb of Christ

Good Friday
The day on which Jesus was crucified.
In Christian tradition, celebrated as the day on which Jesus Christ was crucified. It falls prior to Easter Sunday, on which Christians celebrate the resurrection of Christ. A liturgical celebration rather than an historical one, the "three days" between the crucifixion and the resurrection are taken to be inclusive of Friday, Saturday and Sunday.
[Easter]  [Holy Week]  [Maundy Thursday]  [Quinquagesima Sunday

Literally, "good news." The Christian gospel is Christ's death and resurrection on behalf of sinners for their salvation, received through faith. The gospel is the power of God unto salvation (Romans 1:16).
The word gospel comes from the Greek euangelion, which means "good news." It was used in early Christianity for the message delivered to humanity by Jesus Christ - the "good news" that humanity can be redeemed from their sins.
The name later came to be used also to refer Christian writings which contained information about Jesus, for example the "Gospel according to Mark." The Christian New Testament contains four gospels, all of which were decided to be "authoritative" in terms of the information they provide.
[Christianity]  [Evangelical]  [Jesus]  [NT

The generous goodness of God that results in undeserved forgiveness and acceptance. grace is a priceless gift.
Paul also used grace to mean a thank offering or an acknowledgement of God's good gifts (hence, "to say grace" at mealtime).
Grace is unmerited favour. It is God's free action for the benefit of His people. It is different than Justice and Mercy. Justice is getting what we deserve. Mercy is not getting what we deserve. Grace is getting what we do not deserve. In grace we get eternal life, something that, quite obviously, we do not deserve. But because of God's love and kindness manifested in Jesus on the Cross, we receive the great blessing of redemption.
Grace is God's Riches At Christ's Expense. Grace rules out all human merit. It is the product of God that is given by God, because of who He is not because of who we are. It is the means of our salvation (Eph. 2:8-9). We are no longer under the Law, but under grace (Rom. 6:14). (See 1 Cor. 15:11; Rom. 5:2, 15-20; 2 Cor. 12:9; and 2 Cor. 9:8).
[Forgive/Forgiveness]  [Legalism]  [Mercy]  [Throne of Grace

Graven Image
A material effigy that is worshipped as a god
An idol; an object of worship carved from wood, stone, etc. ``Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image.'' --Ex. 20v4.
[Commandment(s)]  [Effigy

Great Commission
The last major command Jesus gave before his ascension. Jesus commanded (commissioned) us to go into the whole world, to share the gospel and disciple those who respond (Matthew 28:18-20).
At the end of Matthew's account of the life of Jesus, the eleven disciples have gathered at a mountain. Jesus had been killed on the cross, and they had reports that he had risen again and that he wanted to meet them in Galilee. He appears, and Matthew reports:
"The Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptising in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age." [ The Gospel of Matthew, Chapter 28, verses 18 through 20 ]
This part of the story has been called "the great commission", and is interpreted as a call for the BCC to tell the entire world about Jesus.

When Alexander conquered the Persians, Greek became the language of the empire, as more people became Greek-speaking it was necessary to translate the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek.
[LXX (Septuagint)

Being responsible for and accountable for an offence. Biblically, it is the state of being under a present or pending consequence due to a sin against God's Law. It is also an emotional state as well as legal condition. Guilt feelings are used by the Holy Spirit to inform the sinner of broken fellowship with God (Isaiah 59:2; John 16:8). Because of our guilt before God, we need reconciliation (Rom. 5:6-9).
[Expiation]  [Fellowship]  [Holy Spirit]  [Reconcile, Reconciliation]  [Sin, Sinner