Priesthill (Zion) Methodist

“centred in Christ, caring for people”

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The flowers are springing up,
the season of singing birds
has come;
Song of Solomon 2v12

How to use this glossary: Each word has two definitions.
The first is a very simple word equivalent, just a phrase or a few words. The second is a more detailed explanation with examples.

Glossary Terms - E

The major festival in the Christian church which celebrates the life, death and resurrection of Jesus.
The major feast day of the Christian religion marking the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead three days after his crucifixion. Easter is the oldest and most important celebration of the Christian Church. The day is celebrated on the first Sunday after the paschal or full moon, which means its date changes according to the lunar calendar and to ecclesiastical interpretations of that calendar. Eastern Orthodoxy celebrates the holiday one week after most other Christian churches.
[Ash Wednesday]  [Christ]  [Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Ecclesiastical]  [Liturgical Year]  [Pentecost]  [Resurrection

Eastern Orthodox
A group of Christians mainly in Russia and Greece who split from the Catholic church in 1054.
A group of Christian churches with roots in the earliest days of Christianity that do not recognise the authority of the Pope. The churches developed after the so-called Great Schism of 1054 C.E. Included in the Eastern Orthodox churches are the Greek Orthodox and the Russian Orthodox as well as smaller ethnically rooted churches such as the Armenian Orthodox Church. Eastern Orthodox clergy leaders who function much as do archbishops in the Roman Catholic Church are known as Patriarchs or Metropolitans in the Orthodox Church.
[Christian Denomination]  [Schism

The Greek word (ecclesia) means "church" or "assembly."
Is one of the four members of the most common sociological typology of religious groups -- the other three are:
- denomination - sect - cult

Ecclesia is a religious group which is strongly integrated with the dominant social and political culture.
[Cult]  [Denomination]  [Religion]  [Sect

Of or pertaining to the church - The Greek word (ecclesia) means "church" or "assembly."

Ecclesiastical Calendar
The calendar of feasts celebrated by the Christian Church, in which the year begin with the first Sunday of Advent.
[Advent]  [Calendar]  [Calendar, Gregorian]  [Church]  [Holiday

The branch of theology concerned with the doctrines, nature, constitution and the functions of a church
[Church]  [Doctrine

One; this word is used to refer to the uniqueness of God. It is also used to describe when a man and woman become married
"one" denotes a "compound unity" that is found, for example, in one bunch of grapes, or one congregation of numerous individuals

"Inhabiting one house." The movement promoting unity among Christians
(also ecumenical, ecumenicity, ecumenism) Ecumenical is from the Latin [ecumenicus] meaning universal or of the whole. In theological terms it means promoting a universal or united Church. Any movement which fosters Christian unity or encourages co-operation between different faiths, denominations or churches, is called ecumenical. It is the beliefs or practices of those who want world-wide unity or co-operation between Churches. The adjectival form, ecumenical, is often linked to a 20th-century religious movement to bring a variety of denominations under a single Christian umbrella such as represented by the World Council of Churches.
[Beliefs]  [Christian Denomination]  [Christianity]  [Church]  [Faith]  [interdenominational

The garden of, home to the first man and woman
According to the account in the first book of the Hebrew Scriptures (known as Genesis), Eden is the name given to the idyllic garden wherein the first man, Adam, and the first woman, Eve, were placed after being created by the Lord God. Often the term is used as a synonym or symbolic representation of paradise. When Adam and Eve were driven from the garden after sinning against the Lord, Eden also took on the tragic overtones of banishment and lostness for humankind.
[Adam and Eve]  [Fall, The]  [Original Sin

[Middle English edifien, from Old French edifier, from Late Latin aedificre, to instruct spiritually, from Latin, to build]
To instruct especially so as to encourage intellectual, moral, or spiritual improvement. As a Pastor preaches God's Word it is strengthening is essential to withstand the onslaughts of Satan in everyday life.
In the Christian context it means to strengthen someone, or be strengthened, in relationship to God, the Christian walk, and holiness.
As Christians, we are to "let all things be done for edification" (1 Cor. 14:26). We are edified by the Word of God (Acts 20:32) and by love (1 Cor. 8:1). (See also Rom. 14:19; Eph. 4:29 and 1 Cor. 3:1-4; James 4:1-6).
[God]  [Holiness]  [Preach]  [Word of God

[L. effigies, from effingo, to fashion; ex and fingo, to form or devise.]
The image or likeness of a person; resemblance; representation; any substance fashioned into the shape of a person.
[Graven Image

(philosophy) The tendency to consider only oneself and one's own interests
[Altruism]  [Philosophy

A faulty interpretation of a text (especially of the Bible) using your own ideas, bias, or the like, rather than the meaning of the text
The study of scripture that reads into the scripture what it is not really saying. Usually based on a preconceived opinion. Different from exegesis which is the study of scripture that seeks to simply draw out what a text actually says.
[Exegesis]  [Hermeneutics]  [Interpretation

El Shaddai
God is more than enough, "God Almighty"
Shaddai [the Mighty ), an ancient name of God, rendered "Almighty" everywhere in the Authorised Version, is found in connection with el , "God," El Shaddai being then rendered "God Almighty." By the name or in the character of El-Shaddai God was known to the patriarchs, (Genesis 17:1; 28:3; 43:14; 48:3; 40:25) before the name Jehovah, in its full significance, was revealed. (Exodus 6:3)
[AV]  [God

Any of various church officers
The elder shall serve the younger. --Gen. xxv. 23.

A person who, on account of his age, occupies the office of ruler or judge; hence, a person occupying any office appropriate to such as have the experience and dignity which age confers; as, the elders of Israel; the elders of the synagogue; the elders in the apostolic church.

Note: In the modern Presbyterian churches, elders are lay officers who, with the minister, compose the church session, with authority to inspect and regulate matters of religion and discipline. In some churches, pastors or clergymen are called elders, or presbyters
[Church]  [Presbyterianism

Elect, Election
A term which means the process by which God selects someone to be saved. "...knowing, beloved brethren, your election by God" (1 Thes. 1:4).
The elect are those called by God to salvation. This election occurs before the foundation of the world (Eph. 1:4) and is according to God's will not man's (Rom. 8:29-30; 9:6-23) because God is sovereign (Rom. 9:11-16). The view of election is especially held by Calvinists who also hold to the doctrine of predestination.
[Calvinism]  [Predestination

A Hebrew prophet of the 9th century b.c. I Kings 17; II Kings 2.
From the Hebrew name Eliyahu meaning "my God is YAHWEH". Elijah was a Hebrew prophet of the 9th century BC, during the reign of King Ahab and his queen, Jezebel.

Elijah is perhaps the best known of the ancient Hebrew prophets because of his challenges to the pagan god Baal and championed the worship of Jehovah. He was persecuted for rebuking Ahab and Jezebel;

The two Books of Kings in the Old Testament tell of his exploits, which culminate with him being carried to heaven in a chariot of fire.
[Elisha]  [Prophet

In the Bible, a Hebrew prophet who was chosen by Elijah to be his successor.
("God his salvation") was the son of Shaphat of Abel-meholah; he became the attendant and disciple of Elijah (1 Kings 19:16-19).

His name first occurs in the command given to Elijah to anoint him as his successor (1 Kings 19:16) Asked God for a "double blessing" of Elijah's wisdom and power. Elisha was ploughing in a nearby field when Elijah was taken up to meet the Lord in a chariot of fire. The imagery of this important Biblical incident is perhaps best captured in the spiritual, "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot."
[Elijah]  [Prophet

Variant of Immanuel
Emmanuel is an old English spelling of Immanuel

End Times
A generic term used to refer to the period of signs & birth-pangs, leading up to, (& including), the Great Tribulation, (...prior to the establishment of the Kingdom of God).
[Armageddon]  [Eschatology]  [Kingdom of God/Heaven]  [Second Coming

Enmity derives from Old French enemistiť, ultimately from Latin inimicus, "an enemy," from in- , "not" + amicus, "friend," from amare, "to love."
The quality of being an enemy; the opposite of friendship; ill will; hatred; unfriendly dispositions; malevolence. It expresses more than aversion and less than malice,and differs from displeasure in denoting a fixed or rooted hatred, whereas displeasure is more transient.
Deep-rooted hatred.
"I will put enmity between thee and the woman, between thy seed and her seed" (Gen. 3:15).
The friendship of the world is "enmity with God" (James 4:4; 1 John 2:15, 16).
The "carnal mind" is "enmity against God" (Rom. 8:7).
By the abrogation of the Mosaic institutes the "enmity" between Jew and Gentile is removed. They are reconciled, are "made one" (Eph. 2:15, 16).
[Carnal]  [Gentile(s)]  [World, The

The belief that there is no afterlife and therefore no need to do anything other than that which would satisfy the desires of the physical self.
A philosophy advanced by Epicurus that considered happiness, or the avoidance of pain and emotional disturbance, to be the highest good and that advocated the pursuit of pleasures that can be enjoyed in moderation.
[Hedonism]  [Philosophy

Liturgical feast celebrated usually on January 6, commemorating the visitation of the Magi ( kings ) to Jesus after His birth in Bethlehem
From the Greek [epiphaneia] meaning "to show," and by implication, an appearance or revealing. It is when something becomes clear in a way not known before. It is used to illustrate a sudden manifestation of the essence of divine revelation. A discovery of God in some before unexpected or unknown way. When Jesus Christ was visited by the Magi and His divinity was revealed to the world, this was an epiphany. A revealed moment that brought to light the treasure of the heart.
Traditionally the word has always had specific religious association, but in our day it has grown to become used in referencing non-divine or secular forms of revelation or clarity of thinking.
[Bethlehem]  [Christmas]  [Liturgical Year]  [Magi

Greek word meaning "letter." The New Testament epistles are letters written from early church leaders to each other and various churches.
Greek: eoistellein, "to send to") This word, related in origin to Apostle, is particularly applied to the NT letters. There are 13 from Paul, one from James, 2 from Peter and 3 from John, 1 from Jude and the epistle of Hebrews.
[NT]  [Paul]  [Silas

[Greek epitiphios, "over a tomb"]
An inscription on, or at, a tomb, or a grave, in memory or commendation of the one buried there; a sepulchral inscription.
Originally a funeral oration (in Latin, epitaphium) which, being a speech made by the living, was said "over the tomb". Families soon made a practice of recording the good lines for posterity, avoiding the inscription of the whole oration due to the high price for fine stonecutting.

The branch of theology that deals with future prophecy, especially the time of Christ's return.
Is derived from the two Greek words (eschatos) meaning "final" or "last" and (logos) meaning "word." Formally, eschatology means "the study of the last things". In a broad sense, eschatology seeks to understand the relationship between the eternal decisions or decrees of God through time, which were made before time, and were revealed to us at the fullness of time in Jesus Christ. In a corporate sense, eschatology is categorised by those who are in Christ, clothed with His righteousness and obedience, and those who are in Adam, clothed in his wickedness and disobedience. Eschatology concerns itself with the judgement confirming righteousness, and the judgement condemning wickedness.
[Armageddon]  [End Times]  [Parousia]  [Prophecy

A book of the Old Testament that tells how Esther saved her people from massacre
A Jewish girl who became the Queen of Persia and thus had opportunity to overturn a wicked plot to destroy the Jewish people. Also, the book of the Bible by the same name, which describes these events and the establish of the holiday of Purim.
[Feast of Lots, Purim]  [Jewish feasts

Not limited by time; without a beginning or an end.
(forever; with no end). God is eternal.
Deuteronomy 33:27
Isaiah 26:4
Followers of Jesus are given the gift of eternal life.
John 6:66-69
John 10:10, 27-28
2 Corinthians 4:16- 18
[Christianity]  [Heaven]  [Immortal]  [Salvation

Eternal Death
Fate of the unbelievers for all time in hell
[Book of Life]  [Hell

Eternal Life
Eternal life is received at the moment of salvation from God so every believer may live forever with Him. It cannot be earned or bought. It is a free gift through faith in Christ. Romans 6:23
Life everlasting in the presence of God. "This is eternal life, that they may know Thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom Thou has sent" (John 17:3).
There are two senses in which this is used. First, as Christians we possess eternal life (1 John 5:13), yet we are not in heaven or in the immediate presence of God. Though we are still in mortal bodies and we still sin, by faith we are saved (Rom. 4:5; Eph. 2:8-9) and possess eternal life as a free gift from God (Rom. 6:23). Second, eternal life will reach its final state at the resurrection of the believers when Christ returns to earth to claim His church. It is then that eternal life will begin in its complete manifestation. We will no longer sin.
[Book of Life]  [God]  [Heaven]  [John 3:16]  [Salvation]  [Sin, Sinner

A dimension outside of our present concept of time, without limits and without parameters. Particularly related to the primary hope of Christians, eternal life, (John 3.16).
[Eternal Life]  [John 3:16

Comes from the Greek word meaning "Thanksgiving". It is based on the events that happened at the last supper.
The elements of the communion supper in Christian Churches where the bread and wine are consumed as a representation the sacrifice of Christ. They correspond, representatively, as the body and blood of Christ.
[Communion]  [Consubstantiation]  [Last/Lord's Supper]  [Transubstantiation

In its original sense, it means belonging or related to the Gospel (Greek: euangelion - good news) of the New Testament.
A movement in church history started at the Protestant reformation. Most believe in an inerrant scripture, and a born again experience required for salvation based on John 3:3, Ephesians 2:8- 9.

From the time of the Reformation. Protestant churches were often called Evangelical churches from their insistence that their teachings were based on the evangel or Gospel. (ie. the Bible).
[Gospel]  [Protestant]  [Reformation

The act of preaching the Gospel
The word "evangelical" comes from the word "euangelion," which means "Good News," or "Gospel.". Briefly stated, an evangelical is a Christian who believes, lives and wants to share the gospel message.

There are many meanings, but the core of all them is just the telling of the story of God to someone who wants to know more.
The process whereby people are told of the Gospel. Evangelism does not depend on the conversion of the lost, but rather on the proclaiming of the gospel. True evangelism contains the three-point message that: a) man is spiritually ruined due to his sin and therefore subject to the wrath of God; b) that Jesus Christ is the only remedy for man's hopeless situation; and c) each person must receive Jesus Christ by faith in order to enjoy the benefits of salvation.
[Conversion]  [Gospel]  [Missiology]  [Salvation

An evangelist is a person who preaches the Christian Gospel. The word 'evangelist' comes from the Greek word for 'bringing good news'
A "publisher of glad tidings;" a missionary preacher of the gospel (Eph. 4:11). This title is applied to Philip (Acts 21:8), who appears to have gone from city to city preaching the word (8:4, 40). Judging from the case of Philip, evangelists had neither the authority of an apostle, nor the gift of prophecy, nor the responsibility of pastoral supervision over a portion of the flock. They were itinerant preachers, having it as their special function to carry the gospel to places where it was previously unknown. The writers of the four Gospels are known as the Evangelists.
[Gospel]  [Preacher

Hebrew: hawwah --> "living" The first woman formed from one of the ribs of Adam.
Genesis 3:20
The first woman, whose name means "living". With Adam she disobeyed God and brought sin into the world.
[Adam and Eve]  [Fall, The]  [Original Sin

(From a Hebrew root meaning "to spoil" or "to break into pieces") That which is done in disobedience of and in rebellion against God's will; its consequences are always tragic.
Moral rebellion against God. It is contrary to the will of God. There is natural evil (floods, storms, famines, etc.) and moral evil (adultery, murder, idolatry, etc.). Natural evil is a result of moral evil. Adam's sin resulted in sin entering the world allowing floods, storms, famines, etc. Evil originated with Satan (Isaiah 14:12-15) and is carried on by man (Matt. 15:18-19).
[Hell]  [Original Sin]  [Satan]  [Sin, Sinner

Charles Darwin's biological theory that complex life forms have developed gradually from more primitive life forms through the mechanism of natural selection. Natural selection serves to eliminate unfit life forms and generates new forms through the process of mutation.
The theory that all living things on earth evolved from a single source and driven by genetic mutation and natural selection gave rise to all the various life forms on earth. This evolutionary process was without the intervention of a divine being or beings. The theory has undergone many changes since its inception in the 1800's. The Scriptures do not speak about evolution but instead negate the theory by stating that God created all things (Gen. 1).
Though you might not expect to find the subject of evolution, it is appropriate since it poses a challenge to Christianity by displacing the Genesis account of special creation.
[Creation]  [Darwinism

(Latin: exaltere - to raise; altus - high) "To lift up" in high regard.

The act of banishing a member of the Church from the communion of believers and the privileges of the Church
The act of discipline where the Church breaks fellowship with a member who has refused to repent of sins. Matt. 18 is generally used as the model of procedures leading up to excommunication. Those excommunicated are not to partake in the Lord's supper.
In the Bible, serious offenders of God's law, who were supposed to be Christian, were "delivered over to Satan for the destruction of the flesh" (1 Cor. 15:5; 1 Tim. 1:20). However, upon repentance, the person is welcomed back into fellowship within the body of Christ.
[Church]  [Communion]  [Fellowship

Critical interpretation of a text (especially of the Bible) to understand its meaning.
Critical interpretation of a text, especially a biblical text; from the Greek ex- + egeisthai meaning "to lead out. Sometimes it seems the terms "exegesis" and "hermeneutics" are used interchangeably; "exegesis" properly refers to the act or process of actually interpreting texts, whereas "hermeneutics" refers to the theory of how one interprets."
[Eisegesis]  [Hermeneutics]  [Interpretation

To strongly encourage or try to persuade someone to do something
A communication intended to urge or persuade the recipients to take some action
[Bible Basher/Thumper

(from Greek "to exit or go out"). Refers to the event of the Israelites leaving Egypt (see also Passover) and to the biblical book (see Pentateuch) that tells of that event.
The story of the Exodus, literally 'the road out' describing the release of the Israelites under Moses from slavery in Egypt in the 13th century BCE, is recounted in the Book of Exodus, the second book of the Bible. The Old Testament teaches that it was God who delivered the Israelites and led them to the Promised Land, a land 'flowing with milk and honey'.
[Moses]  [Passover]  [Pentateuch]  [Plagues of Egypt]  [Promised Land

The act of driving one or more evil spirits from the body of a person.
The expelling of evil spirits by prayers and incantations. An ancient practice taken over by the Christian church, after the example of Christ and the Apostles who healed those possessed by evil sprits. Matt 10:1

The act of making atonement for sin or wrongdoing (especially appeasing a deity)
[Atonement]  [Guilt]  [Propitiation]  [Sacrifice

Interpretation, explanation, and clarification of a biblical passage.
The act of expounding or of laying open the sense or meaning of an author, or a passage; explanation; interpretation; the sense put upon a passage; a law, or the like, by an interpreter; hence, a work containing explanations or interpretations; a commentary.
[Bible]  [Interpretation

Eye for an Eye
"And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand,foot for foot..........."
Exodus 21:23-25
[Lex Talionis

From a Hebrew word meaning "God strengthens."
A Hebrew prophet of the sixth century B.C. who called for the Jews exiled in Babylon to return to godliness and faith.

Ezra was the "scribe" and prophet who led the second body of exiled Israelites that returned from Babylon to Jerusalem in 459 BC, and the author of the Book of Ezra in the Bible. With Nehemiah led the revival of Judaism in Palestine.
[Hebrew 'ezr', a nickname, perhaps for 'azrÓ'l, God is my help]
A Jewish priest and scribe whose life and works are recorded in the Hebrew books of Ezra and Nehemiah. Following the Babylonian captivity of the Jews, Ezra oversaw the regathering of the Jews, the rebuilding of their Temple.
[Prophet]  [Scribe, Teacher of the Law