Priesthill (Zion) Methodist

“centred in Christ, caring for people”

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The flowers are springing up,
the season of singing birds
has come;
Song of Solomon 2v12

How to use this glossary: Each word has two definitions.
The first is a very simple word equivalent, just a phrase or a few words. The second is a more detailed explanation with examples.

Glossary Terms - B

Baal
An ancient fertility god of the Canaanites
The name of a false god that means "master." The people of Canaan believed Baal had power over the land, crops, and animals.
Judges 2:10-15
1 Kings 18:16-39
Jeremiah 11:13
[Gehenna]  [God

Babel, tower of
A name attributed to Babylon, (in the land of Shinar), but specifically the tower or ziggurat that was built with the intention of reaching heaven. God punished them by preventing its completion and confounding the language of the people
(Gen. 11.1-9).
A tower built by Noah's descendants (probably in Babylon) who intended it to reach up to heaven; God foiled them by confusing their language so they could no longer understand one another, thus scattering them to the four corners of the Earth. The name Babel, means "confusion."
(Genesis 11:1- 11)
[Babylon]  [God]  [Noah

Babylon
The capital city of the Babylonian civilisation and the site of the Tower of Babel
The Greek form of BABEL; Semitic form Babilu, meaning "The Gate of God." In the Assyrian tablets it means "The city of the dispersion of the tribes."

The capital city of Babylonia. The Babylonians captured and destroyed Jerusalem and took many people as prisoners.
2 Chronicles 36:15-21
Jeremiah 50-51
Later in the Bible, Babylon becomes a symbol for evil forces that are against God.
Revelation 17-18
[Babel, tower of]  [Daniel]  [Evil]  [Jeremiah]  [Revelation, book of

Backslider
A Christian believer who has slid backwards in dedication, morals or religious enthusiasm
This is the act of sliding backward rather than pressing forward "toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus" (Phi. 3:14). The term actually comes from Jeremiah chapter three where God's people are called backsliders because of their willingness to slide back into their sins.

Those who fall into backsliding can find restoration and peace through confession of their sins and trusting in the mercy of God.
This may be either partial (Prov. 14:14) or complete (Heb. 6:4-6; 10:38, 39).

Today we often refer to unfaithful Christians as backsliders.
[Apostasy]  [Believer]  [Confess]  [Sin, Sinner

Baptise
Administration of baptism
[Baptism

Baptism
The entry rite into the Christian church, which can take place as a baby or as an adult.
To wash, dip or immerse in water. Baptism shows that a person's sins are washed away. He or she has joined the family of God and is united with Jesus in dying to sin and rising to new life.
Acts 2:36- 41
Romans 6:1-14
I Corinthians 12:13
Ephesians 4:4-6
Titus 3:5
[Baptise]  [Baptism, Adult]  [Baptism, Infant]  [Confirmation]  [John (the Baptist)]  [sacrament

Baptism, Adult
Some churches, such as the Baptists, think it is wrong to baptise a person until the person is able to come to a full understanding and belief in the Christian faith.

These churches only baptise adults in what is called a "believer's baptism". Such churches usually baptise by totally immersing the person in water, as a symbol of them dying and being born again into the Christian faith.

Such churches will often have a small but deep pool at the front of the church especially for this ceremony. The pool is concealed by a false floor during normal services.
[Baptism]  [sacrament

Baptism, Infant
In those Christian communities that practice infant baptism, this is the first rite of life. During this ritual the minister sprinkles water onto the baby's head and says "I baptise you in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

Since the baby is too young to understand what is happening, vows are made on the child's behalf by the Godparents. The baby is also given its Christian names during this ceremony, which is also called christening.
[Baptism]  [Baptismal Font]  [Christening]  [Confirmation]  [God Parents]  [sacrament

Baptismal Font
A baptismal font is an article of church furniture used for the baptism of children and adults. It is typically intended for baptisms using a non-immersion method.
[Baptism, Infant

Baptist
Christian denomination and member of it which requires adult baptism by total immersion.
Originally deriving from Greek baphein "to dip"

A member of a Christian group which believes that only people who are able to profess their religious beliefs should be baptised into the church, and that this should be by complete immersion in water.
[Christian Denomination]  [Christianity]  [Church

Barabbas
In the New Testament, the condemned thief whose release, instead of that of Jesus, was demanded of Pilate by the multitude.
Son of Abba or of a father, a notorious robber whom Pilate proposed to condemn to death instead of Jesus, whom he wished to release, in accordance with the Roman custom (John 18:40; Mark 15:7; Luke 23:19). But the Jews were so bent on the death of Jesus that they demanded that Barabbas should be pardoned (Matt. 27:16-26; Acts 3:14). This Pilate did.
[Crucify, Crucifixion]  [Easter]  [Pontius Pilate

Bartholomew
Bartholomew means son of Tolmai, see Bar (Aramaic). Tolmai is a Hebrew name, said to mean "abounding in furrows".
[Bartholomew (Apostle)

Bartholomew (Apostle)
One of the 12 Apostles. (Matt. 10:3; Acts 1:13); He is generally supposed to have been the same person as Nathanael.

He was one of the disciples to whom our Lord appeared at the Sea of Tiberias after his resurrection (John 21:2). He was also a witness of the Ascension (Acts 1:4, 12, 13).
[Apostle]  [Apostles, Twelve]  [Bartholomew

BC
Date used in reckoning dates before the supposed year Christ was born
Literally, before Christ or the Christian era. A Western calendar means of dating ancient and prehistoric time.
[Anno Domini]  [BCE]  [CE]  [Ussher's Chronology

BCE
Scholarly adaptation of Western calendar to avoid reference to Christianity. Refers to time "before the common era."
"before the common era"; an attempt to use a neutral term for the period traditionally labelled "BC" (before Christ) by Christians. Thus 586 BCE is identical to 586 BC.
[Anno Domini]  [BC]  [CE

Beatitudes
The blessings that Jesus taught about in the Sermon on the Mount
A name given to the initial declarations Jesus made in his Sermon on the Mount that each begin ``Blessed are ...'' in the KJ. (Mat 5:3-11 KJ)
[Blessed]  [Golden Rule]  [Meek]  [New Testament]  [Sermon on the Mount

Beelzebub
God of flies, supposed to ward off flies from his votaries. One of the gods of the Philistines.

The Jews, by way of reproach/mocking alteration, changed Beelzebub into Baal Zeboub (q.v.), and placed him among the demons.
[Baal]  [Demon

Belief
A religious doctrine that is proclaimed as true without proof
As an English word has been used in various ways. In religious contexts it means "faith, " whereas in philosophy, cognitive psychology, and most ordinary contexts, "belief" means something broader: something like "accept as true." (Analytic philosophers actually sometimes distinguish belief from acceptance, however.) Accounts of belief also depend on the object of belief.
[Apologetics]  [Doctrine]  [Faith]  [Tract

Beliefs
What is considered "true" within a culture. A distinction should be drawn between operating beliefs (those which affect values and behaviour) and theoretical beliefs (those which have little practical impact on values and behaviour).
In all the vastness of our world, in all of the diversity of religious beliefs, there are only two essential types of belief, works and Grace.

There seem to be many differences between the world's religions, but they are all essentially the same--they all centre around human works. All involve human beings accomplishing a task or set of tasks to achieve a goal and receive a reward. The tasks may be different, the goal may have differing names, and the reward may be called many things (Heaven Paradise, Nirvana), but the principle underlying all of them is the same--Quid Pro Quo, which is Latin for "this for that."

In the world's religions, salvation (righteousness, oneness with the Infinite, perfect nothingness, or whatever is the term in a particular religion) is earned by what one does. Unfortunately, within this group of religions based on human effort are many species of religion that go by the name of Christianity.

True Bible Christianity, however, "the faith once delivered to the saints," is totally distinct from the world's religions in this area as in so many others. The thing that makes Christianity far different from all other religions is the concept of Grace
[Adiaphora]  [Grace]  [quid pro quo]  [Religion]  [Secular]  [Works

Believe
Trust, accept
[Believer

Believer
Another name for Christian.
[Christianity

Benediction
Concluding prayer of a service
A blessing given to the people by the pastor. This is done at the end of the worship service.
[Bless, Blessing

Bethlehem
A small town 6 miles south of Jerusalem. It was the birth place of Jesus as prophesied in Micah 5:2.
The birthplace of Jesus, a town about six miles south-southwest of Jerusalem. Its earlier name had been Ephrath and it was called Bethlehem Ephrathah to distinguish it from another Bethlehem near Nazareth.
[Christmas]  [Incarnation]  [Xmas

Bible
A book or collection of sacred writings. The term "bible" is best known in reference to the Christian Scriptures consisting of the both the Old and New Testaments. The word comes from the Greek, biblios, meaning "book."
Literally 'book'. The Bible combines the Jewish scriptures Tenakh (Tanakh) / Old Testament with the Christian New Testament, and is the Canon of each faith but the Old Testament can contain the Apocrypha recognised by Roman Catholicism because it is in the Greek bible.

The Bible is actually a collection of 66 books written by at least 40 human authors. Christianity, which is based on the Bible, is the only religion that claims a resurrected Saviour, Christ. The Bible is a work of long compilation since the writings of its books span at least 1500 years. It is an ancient writing in that the last author of any of the books, the Apostle John, died approximately 1900 years ago. The two major divisions are the Old Testament and the New Testament.
[Autograph]  [Bible Misprints]  [Canon of Scripture]  [Dead Sea Scrolls]  [Inerrancy]  [New Testament]  [Old Testament]  [Tanakh]  [Torah

Bible Basher/Thumper
An evangelist or other person who quotes the Bible frequently, esp. as a means of exhortation or rebuke or to persuade people to believe in Christianity.
[Bible]  [Christianity]  [Evangelist]  [Exhortation

Bible Languages
The first 39 books of Bible, according to the modern sequencing of them, were originally written in Hebrew, with a few short pieces in Aramaic, and the remaining 27 were written in Greek.
[Bible]  [Bible, Books of]  [Greek]  [LXX (Septuagint)]  [Torah

Bible Misprints
In the history of printing, several early English Bibles are famous not so much for their workmanship or their beauty as for their textual idiosyncrasies. A few famous examples, much sought after by rare-Bible collectors are:

The Bug Bible (1551) so named because of an incorrect translation of a line in the Psalm 91v5. The line "Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night" reads "Thou shalt not be afraid of any buggies by night."

The Breeches Bible (1560) so named because it states that Adam and Eve "sewed fig tree leaves together and made themselves breeches."

The Treacle Bible (1568) so named because it uses the word "treacle" for "balm" in the line "Is there no balm in Gilead?" Jeremiah 7:22

The Wicked Bible (1631) - The printer was fined £300 for omitting the word not from the seventh commandment, , making it, "Thou shalt commit adultery." Printed by Barker and Lucas.

The Unrighteous Bible (1652) (Cambridge Press). So called from the printer's error, "Know ye not that the unrighteous shall inherit the Kingdom of God?" (1Corinth. 6:9).

The Vinegar Bible (1717). So called because the heading to Luke xx. is given as "The parable of the Vinegar" (instead of Vineyard). Printed at the Clarendon Press.

The Murderer's Bible (1795) - Let the children first be killed (instead of filled ) Another one from 1801 has : These are murderers (instead of murmurers ) Jude 16

The Idle Bible, 1809. In which the "idole shepherd" (Zech. xi. 17) is printed "the idle shepherd."

The Ears to ear Bible (1810) - He that hath ears to ear, let him hear. Matthew 11:15

The Teenager's Bible (1964) - I will...that women adorn themselves in modern (instead of modest) apparel 1Tim.2:9
[Bible

Bible Study
Personal activity in studying God's word.
Group reading and discussion of a particular Bible passage or topic for spiritual edification.
[Quiet Time

Bible verse
A place in the Bible where it says
One of the numbered subdivisions of a chapter in the Bible
[Bible

Bible, Books of
The Bible is actually a collection of 66 books, 39 in the old testament and 27 in the new testament.
The Bible is actually a collection of 66 books written by at least 40 human authors. The Bible is a work of long compilation since the writings of its books span at least 1500 years. The two major divisions are the Old Testament and the New Testament.

The Old Testament is comprised of 39 books, Genesis to Malachi. The books of the Old Testament were written over a period of about 1000 years. The Old Testament can be divided into 4 major subdivisions:
(A) History: Genesis thru Esther (17 books)
(B) Poetry/Wisdom Literature: Job thru Song of Solomon (5 books)
(C) Major Prophets: Isaiah thru Daniel (5 books)
(D) Minor Prophets: Hosea thru Malachi (12 books)

The New Testament is comprised of 27 books, Matthew to Revelation. The books of the New Testament were written over a period of approximately 100 years. The approximate 1500 year span of the writings of the Bible is completed in the roughly 400 years between the last writing of the Old Testament and the first writing of the New Testament. There are four major subdivisions of the New Testament:
(A) History: 4 Gospels and the Book of Acts (5 books)
(B) Paul's Epistles: Romans thru Philemon (13 books)
(C) General Epistles: Hebrews thru Jude (8 books)
(D) Apocalypse: Revelation (1 book)
[Apocrypha]  [Canon of Scripture]  [New Covenant]  [Old Testament]  [Tanakh

Bible, Statistics
Brief Bible Statistics:
The Old Testament contains 39 books
The Old Testament contains 929 chapters
The Old Testament contains 23,214 verses
The New Testament contains 27 books
The New Testament contains 260 chapters
The New Testament contains 7,956 verses

For a total in the Bible of: 66 books; 1,189 chapters; 31,170 verses
The Longest Verse     : Esther 8:9
The Longest Chapter   : Psalms 119
The Longest Book      : Psalms
The Shortest Verse    : John 11:35
The 2nd Shortest Verse: I Chronicles 1:25
The Shortest Chapter  : Psalm 117
The Shortest Book     : 2 John
The Number of Authors : 50
The Number of Authors is 50.
         Old Testament.       New Testament.       Total.    Apocrypha
Books               30                   27           66            14
Chapters           929                  260        1,189           183
Verses          23,214                7,959       31,173         6,081
Words          592,439              181,253      773,692       252,185
Letters      2,728,800              838,380    3,567,180     1,063,876

Middle book      : Proverbs 2 Thess.
Middle chapter   : Job 29. Rom. xiii. & xiv.
Middle verse     : 2 Chron. 20. Acts xvii. 17. (between verses 17 and 18)
Least verse      : 1 Chron. 1. 25 John xi. 35.

Smallest chapter : Psalm 117.
Longest chapter  : Psalm 119.
Ezra vii. 21     : contains all the letters of the alphabet, except j.
2 Kings xix. and Isaiah xxxvi. are exactly alike.
The last two verses of 2 Chron. and the opening verses of Ezra are alike.
Ezra ii. and Nehemiah vii. are alike.
The word and occurs in the Old Testament 35,543 times.
The word and occurs in the New Testament 10,684 times.
The word Jehovah occurs 6,855 times.

The Bible was divided into chapters by Cardinal Hugo de Sancto-Caro, about 1236.
The Old Testament was divided into verses by Rabbi Mordecai Nathan; and the New Testament, in 1544, by R. Stephens, a French printer, it is said, while on horseback.

The Septuagint, a translation into Greek, was made in Egypt 285 B.C.
The first complete English translation was by Wicklif, A.D. 1380; the first French translation, in 1160; the first German, in 1460; the first American edition was printed at Boston in 1752.
The oldest MS. of the Bible in the British Museum is the “Codex Alexandrnus.” Parts of the New Testament are omitted. The “Codex Vaticnus” is the oldest in the Vatican Library at Rome.
[Bible

Bible, The Holy
The sacred scriptures of the Jewish and Christian religions. Actually a collection of writings compiled over many years and authorised by various religious councils rather than a single book. Original manuscripts, of which none are extant, were written in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. Christians generally adopted the Hebrew Bible and added Greek and Aramaic writings.
[Bible

Bigot
One who is strongly partial to one's own group, religion, race, or politics and is intolerant of those who differ.
A person who regards his own faith and views in matters of religion as unquestionably right, and any belief or opinion opposed to or differing from them as unreasonable or wicked. In an extended sense, a person who is intolerant of opinions which conflict with his own, as in politics or morals; one obstinately and blindly devoted to his own church, party, belief, or opinion.
[Belief]  [Denomination]  [Religion

Bishop
A senior minister, usually in charge of an area or diocese.
[Minister]  [Pastor

Blasphemy
Is the act of swearing using God's name, saying bad things about God, or doing disrespectful things against God. Blasphemy is a sin and in the Old Testament, it was punishable by stoning the blasphemer to death.
Speaking evil of God or denying Him some good which we should attribute to Him. Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit is stating that Jesus did his miracles by the power of the devil (Matt. 12:22-32) and is an unforgivable sin (Mark 3:28-30). Blasphemy arises out of pride (Psalm 73:9,11), hatred (Psalm 74:18), injustice (Isaiah 52:5), etc. Christ was mistakenly accused of blasphemy (John 10:30-33).
[Death]  [God]  [Jesus]  [Old Testament]  [Vice

Bless, Blessing
A gift that can only come from God
When God blesses someone, he makes things go well for him or her. A blessing is a good gift from God.
Genesis 12:1-3
Numbers 6:22-27
Deuteronomy 28:1-14
When people bless, they ask God to bring good to someone.
Ruth 2:4
Romans 12:14-21
1 Corinthians 4:12
[Beatitudes]  [Benediction]  [Curse

Blessed
Rewarded by God.
[Bless, Blessing]  [God]  [Grace

Blood
In the Bible, blood represents the life of something. It was the blood of a sacrifice that made it effective.
Leviticus 17:11
Romans 5:9-11
Hebrews 9:11-28
Revelation 5:9-10
[Sacrifice

Blood of Jesus/Christ
Jesus Christ died on the cross taking the penalty of death for our sins. His blood being poured out (shed) on that cross is what covers our sins. We are "cleansed" of our sin by His blood. Romans 5:9
[Atonement]  [Forgive/Forgiveness]  [Pleading the Blood]  [Sin, Sinner

Body of Christ (Church)
The community of believers of which Christ is the head. I Cor. 12:27.
It is a living organism, composed not of cells, but of human beings. Jesus Christ is the head of this living organism, and each believer is linked to him and to one another forming the body, the Church. (1 Corinthians 12:27-28, You together constitute the body of the Messiah, and individually you are parts of it.

And God has placed in the Messianic Community first, emissaries; second, prophets; third, teachers; then those with gifts of healing; those with ability to help; those skilled in administration; and those who speak in various tongues.)
[Christ]  [Church]  [Temple]  [Trinity

Book of Common Prayer
Collection of services, orders and other materials approved fur use in the English national Church in 1662.
The primary guide for worship in Church. The first Anglican Book of Common Prayer was written in English in 1549 by Archbishop Thomas Cranmer. This first Book of Common Prayer was drawn from a number of Latin books and manuals used to conduct services at that time.

The Book of Common Prayer has had a great influence on a number of other denominations. While some may be theologically different, the language and flow of the service of many other churches owes a great debt to that of the prayer book.

It contains the order to be followed in church services.
[Ashes to ashes dust to dust]  [Creed]  [Denomination]  [Liturgy]  [Theology

Book of Life
A book kept by God with the list of names of people who will escape God's wrath (Psalm 69:28; Rev. 21:27). Those who names are not in the book of Life are cast into hell (Rev. 20:15). Those who names are in the book of Like will reside in the New Jerusalem, in the Kingdom of God. (Phil. 4.3; Rev.20.12, 15; 22.19).
The book of life is one thing in time and something different in eternity. Basically it is a registry containing the names of every member of the human race in time. In eternity it is the registry of all believers. When a person dies as an unbeliever, his name is removed from the book of life. Therefore, in eternity only the names of believers are in the book of life, Phil 4:3; Rev 3:5, 13:8, 17:8, 20:12, 15, 21:7. In eternity, this book also contains the new title of royalty for each mature believer.
[Eternity]  [Heaven]  [Hell]  [Wrath

Born Again
(also reborn) To be spiritually born after one has already been physically born. When one enters into a relationship with Christ, a new life has begun. The old life is past. [John 3:3, 2 Corinthians 5:17]

Jesus spoke to Nicodemus about this in the Bible in the book of John, chapter 3.
John 3:16 goes on to explain that belief in Jesus as the Son of God is how one becomes born again.
The new birth enjoyed by a Christian upon his conversion and regeneration. It is a work of the Holy Spirit within a believer. It is related to faith in Christ and Him crucified (John 3:3-5). It means that the person is no longer dead in sins (Eph. 2:1), no longer spiritually blind (1 Cor. 2:14), and is now a new creation in Christ Jesus (2 Cor. 5:17).
[Believe]  [Christ]  [Christianity]  [Faith]  [John 3:16]  [Kingdom of God/Heaven

Bread and Wine
Christian symbols for the body and blood of Jesus Christ. Part of the ceremony or sacrament of communion or Eucharist in a Christian church patterned after the so-called Last Supper at which Jesus initiated the sharing of the bread and wine as symbols of sharing in his death and resurrection. In some Christian congregations, wafers are substituted for bread, and in others grape juice is substituted for wine.
[Breaking Bread]  [Congregation]  [Last/Lord's Supper]  [Resurrection

Breaking Bread
Sometimes the New Testament uses the words "breaking bread" for the Lord's Supper.
Acts 20:7
[Bread and Wine]  [Last/Lord's Supper

Bride, The
As in "The Bride of Christ". An often used type and metaphor in Jesus' teaching which refers to believers. The culmination of human history is described as a wedding celebration. [Jn 14:3, Eph 5:32, 2Co 11:2, Rv 19:7, Jn 3:29.)
A symbolic term used to designate the Christian church in its relation to Christ as one who is a pure (2 Cor. 11:2), loved by Christ (Eph. 5:22-33), who will be in the marriage supper to the Lamb (Rev. 19:7).

Rev. 21:9 says, "And one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues, came and spoke with me, saying, "Come here, I shall show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb."
[Body of Christ (Church)]  [Church

Brimstone
An old name for sulphur
An inflammable mineral substance found in quantities on the shores of the Dead Sea. (Genesis 19:24) It is a well-known simple mineral substance, crystalline, easily melted, very inflammable, and when burning emits a peculiar suffocating odour.

The cities of the plain were destroyed by a rain of fire and brimstone (Gen. 19:24, 25). In Isa. 34:9 allusion is made to the destruction of these cities. This word figuratively denotes destruction or punishment (Job 18:15; Isa. 30:33; 34:9; Ps. 11:6; Ezek. 38:22). It is used to express the idea of excruciating torment in Rev. 14:10; 19:20; 20:10.
[Dead Sea]  [Hell

Buddhism
Eastern religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama (ca. 566-486 B.C.). The goal of the Buddhist is to escape from the chain of reincarnation and karma to nirvana, where there is cessation of desire.
[Reincarnation

Burden
Be concerned
In the Bible, a burden is a metaphor for a responsibility or duty. Those words probably communicate your meaning better to most people.
[Bible